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Medical Terminology

Root Words

adeno ah-dee-no gland
calculi cal-cue-lie stone
cele sell tumor, cyst, hernia
cyto sigh-toe cell
glyco gl-eye-co sugar, sweet
homeo, homo hoe-me-oh similar, same, like
lingua ling-wha tongue
lip lip fat
lith lith stone
madaro ma-dare-oh falling hair
psych sike mind
pyo pie-oh pus
radi ray-dee rays
thermic ther-mick heat
arthro are-throw joint
carpo car-poe wrist
chondro con-droh cartilage
costa cost-uh rib
cranio crane-knee-oh skull
dactyl dact-till finger
ili ill-lee hip
manus manu-us hand
myel my-el bone marrow
myo my-oh muscle
ortho or-thoh straighten
osteo ah-stee-oh bone
pedi pee-dee foot
spondyl spawn-dill vertebra
cutis cue-tis skin
dent dent teeth
derma dur-muh skin
hapsia hap-see-uh touch
odont on-don-t teeth
onco on-caw tumor
onychia on-nick-ee-uh nail beds
pedicular puh-dick-you-ler lice
prurigo pru-rig-oh itching
psora sore-uh itch
sarco s-ark-oh flesh
sclero s-clear-oh hard
squama skwah-ma scaly
tricho trick-oh hair
chole coal-lee bile, gallbladder
colon coal-on large intestine
emesis emmy-sis vomiting
entero en-tear-oh intestine
gastro gas-tr-oh stomach
glosso gloss-oh tongue
hepat he-pat liver
ile ill-lee ileum
laparo lap-uh-row abdomen
myxo mix-oh mucus
procto prock-toe anus, rectum
pyloro pie-lore-oh pylorus, gatekeeper
stoma stow-muh opening, mouth
viscero v-is-ur-oh body organs
angio an-gee-oh vessel
aortal ay-or-tuhl aorta, main artery
arterio ar-teer-ee-oh artery
cardio car-dee-oh heart
emboli em-bo-lie vessel obstruction
emia em-ee-uh blood
hema, hemo he-muh, he-moe blood
phleb fleab vein
thrombo throm-bow blood clot
varico vair-ee-co varicose veins
vaso vay-so blood vessel
vena vee-nuh vein
ventricu ven-trick-you heart cavity
broncho bronk-oh bronchi, airway
cili sill-ee hairlike process
ectasis ek-ta-sis expansion
laryngo la-ring-go larynx, voice box
naso nay-so nose
oro ore-oh mouth
oxy ox-ee oxygen, keen
pector pect-tore breast, chest
pleura pluh-rah rib side
pneumo new-mow lung
ptysis tie-sis to spit
pulmo pull-mow lungs
rhin rine nose
tracheo tray-key-oh trachea, windpipe
creatinine kree-at-in-in waste material in urine
cysto sis-toe bladder
glomerulo glum-uh-rule-oh nephron part, little ball
nephro nef-row kidney
peritoneo per-uh-toe-knee-o lining of the abdominal organs
pyelo pie-el-oh pelvis
reni ree-knee kidney
uretero you-uh-tuh-row ureter
urethro your-ee-throw urethra
uri your-ee urine
uric your-ick pertaining to urine
urina your-ee-nuh urine
uro your-oh urine
bulbo bull-bow bulblike; bulbourethral gland
cervi serve-ee neck; uterus
galacto guh-lack-toe milk
genito gen-it-oh reproductive system
hyster his-tear uterus
lactin lack-tin milk
mast mast breast
metr me-tur uterus
natal nah-tul born
oophoro ooh-four-oh ovary
orchido or-kid-oh testicle
ova, ovi, ovo oh-vuh egg
salping sal-ping tube; fallopian
sperma, spermato spur-ma seed
vas vahs duct; vessel
audio awe-dee-oh sound
cerebro suh-re-bro brain
encephalo in-sef-uh-low brain
esthesia es-thea-juh sensation
medulla muh-due-la brain middle
meningo men-ing-oh membranes; spinal cord
neuro new-row nerves
occiput awk-see-put back of skull
oculo ah-cue-low eye
ophthalmo op-thal-moe eye
oto oh-toe ear
parietes pa-rye-eh-tease parietel; wall part
pons pawns bridges
tempora temp-ur-uh temporal
Created by: cindydindy