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Medical Lanuage

suffixes, prefixes, combining forms

a- away from, without
ab- away from
ablat/o- take away; destroy
-able able to be
abort/o- stop prematurely
abras/o- scrape off
absorpt/o- absorb or take in
-ac pertaining to
access/o- supplemental or contributing part
accommod/o- to adapt
acetabul/o- acetabulum (hip socket)
acid/o- acid (low pH)
acous/o- hearing, sound
acr/o- extemity; highest point
acromi/o- acromion
actin/o- rays of the sun
act/o- action
acu/o- needle; sharpness
-acusis hearing
acus/o- hearing
ad- toward
addict/o- surrender to; be controlled by
-ade action; process
aden/o- gland
adhes/o- to stick to
adip/o- fat
adjuv/o- giving help or assistance
adnex/o- accessory connecting parts
adolesc/o- the beginning of being an adult
adrenal/o- adrenal gland
adren/o- adrenal gland
affect/o- state of mind; mood; to have an influence on
affer/o- bring toward the center
agglutin/o- clumping, sticking
aggreg/o- crowding together
ag/o- to lead to
agon/o- causing action
agor/a- open area or space
-al pertaining to
albin/o- white
albumin/o- albumin
alges/o- sensation of pain
-algia painful condition
alg/o- pain
align/o- arranged in a staight line
aliment/o- food, nourishment
-alis pertaining to
alkal/o- base (high pH)
allerg/o- allergy
all/o- other; strange
alveol/o- alveolus (air sac)
ambly/o- dimness
ambulat/o- walking
amnes/o- forgetfulness
amni/o- amnion (fetal membrane)
-amnios amniotic fluid
amputat/o- to cut off
amput/o- to cut off
amygdal/o- almond shape
amyl/o- carbohydrate, starch
an- without, not
-an pertaining to
ana- apart from; excessive
anabol/o- building up
analy/o- to separate
anastom/o- unite two tubular structures
-ance state of
ancill/o- servant, accessory
-ancy state of
andr/o- male
aneurysm/o- aneurysm (dilation)
angin/o- angina
angi/o- blood vessel; lymphatic vessel
anis/o- unequal
ankyl/o- fused together, stiff
an/o- anus
ant- against
-ant pertaining to
antagon/o- oppose or work against
ante- forward, before
anter/o- before; front part
anthrac/o- coal
anti- against
anxi/o- fear, worry
aort/o- aorta
apher/o- withdrawal
aphth/o- ulcer
apic/o- apex (tip)
apo- away from
appendic/o- appendix
appendicul/o- limb; small attached part
append/o- small structure hanging from a larger structure; appendix
appercept/o- fully perceived
aque/o- watery substance
-ar pertaining to
arachn/o- spider, spider web
-arche a beginning
areol/o- small area around the nipple
-arian pertaining to a person
-aris pertaining to
arteri/o- artery
arteriol/o- arteriole
arter/o- artery
arthr/o- joint
articul/o- joint
-ary pertaining to
asbest/o- asbestos
ascit/o- ascites
-ase enzyme
aspir/o- to breathe in; to suck in
asthm/o- asthma
astr/o- starlike structure
-ate composed of; pertaining to
-ated pertaining to a condition; composed of
atel/o- incomplete
ather/o- soft, fatty substance
atheromat/o- fatty deposit or mass
athet/o- without position or place
-atic pertaining to
-ation a process; being or having
-ative pertaining to
-ator person or thing that produces or does
-atory pertaining to
atri/o- atrium (upper heart chamber)
attenu/o- weakened
-ature system composed of
audi/o- the sense of hearing
augment/o- increase in size or degree
aur/i- ear
auricul/o- ear
auscult/o- listening
aut/o- self
autonom/o- independent, self-governing
axill/o- axilla (armpit)
auto- self
bacteri/o- bacterium
balan/o- glans penis
bar/o- weight
basil/o- base of an organ
bas/o- base of a structure basic (alkaline)
behave/o- activity or manner of acting
bi- two
bil/i- bile, gall
bilirubin/o- bilirubin
bi/o- life; living organisms; living tissue
-blast immature cell
blast/o- immature; embryonic
blephar/o- eyelid
-body a structure or thing
botul/o- sausage
brachi/o- arm
brachy- short
brady- slow
bronchi/o- bronchus
bronchiol/o- bronchiole
bronch/o- bronchus
brux/o- to grind the teeth
buccinate/o- cheek
bucc/o- cheek
bulb/o- like a bulb
bunion/o- bunion
burs/o- bursa
cac/o- bad, poor
calcane/o- calcaneus (heel bone)
calcific/o- hard from calcium
calci/o- calcium
calc/o- calcium
calcul/o- stone
calic/o- calix
cali/o- calix
calor/o- heat
cancell/o- lattic structure
cancer/o- cancer
candid/o- Candida (a yeast)
can/o- resembling a dog
capill/o- hairlike structure
capn/o- carbon dioxide
capsul/o- capsule (enveloping structure)
carb/o- carbon atoms
carbox/y- carbon monoxide
carcin/o- cancer
card/i- heart
cardi/o- heart
cari/o- caries (tooth decay)
carot/o- stupor, sleep
carp/o- wrist
cartilangin/o- cartilage
cata- down
catabol/o- breaking down
catheter/o- catheter
caud/o- tailbon; lower part of the body
caus/o- burning
cavit/o- hollow space
cav/o- hollow space
cec/o- cecum (first part of the large intestine)
-cele hernia
celi/o- abdomen
cellul/o- cell
-centesis procedure to puncture
centr/o- center; dominant part
cephal/o- head
-cephalus head
-ceps head
-cere waxy substance
cerebell/o- cerebellum (posterior part of the brain)
cerebr/o- cerebrum (largest part of the brain)
cervic/o- neck; cervix
cheil/o- lip
chem/o- chemical, drug
chez/o- to pass stool
chir/o- hand
Created by: segillam