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Unit 5 Vocab

7-5 Petersen: Unit 5 Ch.14-15 (Russia and the Eurasian Republics)

DefinitionWord
partly dry grassland often found on the edges of a desert steppe see website: http://www.blossomingdesign.com/port/biomes/grasslandMain.html
vast(huge)treeless plain in high latitude (66.5 to 90 N or S Lat.- arctic/polar regions)climates in which the top few inches of ground thaw in the summer tundra
permanently frozen lower layers of soil in the tundra in subartic(next to the artic) regions permafrost
name for emperor(king)in ancient Russian times czars
farm laborer(worker) who can be bought and sold along with the land serfs
country that has changed its economy to manufacturing/business & less agriculture-farming & ranching industrialize
country whose type of government has strong control over the economy and society-the government controls people communist state
period(era/time)after WWII between the 1948s & late 1980s when the United States and Soviet Union(Soviets/USSR)competed for world influence(power)w/o actually fighting-they used treats of nuclear war Cold War
Soviet (USSR) policy that loosened government controls and limited its government to move to free enterprise- 'restored power to the people' perestroika
economic system (matches with a deomocrate/republic type of government)in which people start and run businesses with limited(little) government intervention (people own business, not the government) free enterprise system
the freedom to express opinion about the government in Russia after 1991 fall of USSR glasnost
the people (not the government) decide what goods and services to produce, how to produce them, and who will buy them free market economy
the production of goods such as machinery, mining equipments, and steel heavy industry
the production of consumer goods such as clothing, shoe, furniture, and household objects light industry
energy from 'controlled' atomic reactions nuclear energy
number of years than an average person is expected to live life expectancy
a type government which is ruled with consent of citizens (people control the government,the gov. doesn't control the people--freedom to elect and not re-elect representatives) democracy
power is shared between national and state goverments(Oklahoma State gov.& U.S. gov.) federal republic
the group that controls the wealth and power(has the $$ or can get the $$),though NOT ALWAYS the largest group in numbers majority groups
group of people who are different in some characteristics compared to the majority group minority groups
products grown FOR SALE TO MAKE A PROFIT as exports cash crops
cracks in the earth's crust faults
huge forests of evergreen trees that grow in subartic regions(NEXT to the arctic-high latitudes 66.5 to 90 N or S) taiga
people who move from place to place, commonly with herds of animals nomads
fertile or green area in the desert watered by an underground spring oasis
height above sea level (begins with e vs. an a; as in altitude) elevation
reffering to a country with two main languages bilingual
Created by: petersen123 on 2010-01-13



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