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TWIP Chapter 1 Vocab

TWIP Chapter 1 Vocabulary

the study of the earth's surface, climate, continents, countries, peoples, industries, and products geography
natural features of the earth's surface landforms
all of the surrounding things, conditions, and influences affecting the growth or development of living things environment
global positioning system GPS
Geographic Information System GIS
an object made by someone in the past artifact
the perserved trace, imprint, or remains of a plant or animal fossils
the sun with the celestial bodies that revolve around it in its gravitational field solar system
the (usually elliptical) path described by one celestial body in its revolution about another orbit
the mass of air surrounding the Earth atmosphere
an imaginery line that runs through the Earth's center connecting the two poles axis
a single complete turn of the Earth around the sun revolution
a year in which an extra day is added to the calendar leap year
June 21, when the sun is at its northernmost point summer solstice
December 22, when the sun is at its southernmost pointDecember 22 winter solstice
either of two times of the year when the sun crosses the plane of the earth's equator and day and night are of equal length equinox
the central part of the Earth core
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core mantle
molten rock in the earth's crust magma
the outer layer of the Earth crust
One of the principal land masses of the earth, usually regarded as including Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, and South America. continents
Theory that great slabs or plates of Earth's outer layer float on a hot, semi-molten mantle. All plates are moving slowly and have rafted continents to new positions over time. plate tectonics theory
shaking and vibration at the surface of the earth resulting from underground movement along a fault plane of from volcanic activity earthquake
A giant wave caused by an earthquake on the ocean floor tsunamis
cracks in the earth's crust faults
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's surface. weathering
condition in which the earth's surface is worn away by the action of water and wind erosion
huge sheets of ice glaciers
height above or below sea level elevation
large pieces of flat land. plains
Large area of high flat or gently rolling land plateaus
a relatively narrow strip of land (with water on both sides) connecting two larger land areas isthmus
land surrounded by water on three sides peninsula
a land mass (smaller than a continent) that is surrounded by water island
the gently sloping part of a continent that is under water and rings each continent continental shelf
a V-shaped valley on the ocean floor trenches
a narrow channel of the sea joining two larger bodies of water strait
a deep and relatively narrow body of water (as in a river or a harbor or a strait linking two larger bodies) that allows the best passage for vessels channel
a low triangular area where a river divides before entering a larger body of water delta
Created by: felixguo