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AP/MedTerm II

Final Review

QuestionAnswer
The surgical puncture of the tympanic membrane as for the removal of fluid or pus is called a _______________________ myringotomy
A _________________ results in the myocardial layer of the heart undergoing necrosis following the termination of the blood supply. myocardial infarction
The collection of plaque in the arteries is called _____________________. atherosclerosis
The procedure that involves the visual examination of the esophagus, stomach and the upper part of the duodenum and/or the jejunum is called a _____________________. EGD/ esophagogastroduodenoscopy
A ____________________ is an x-ray image of the spinal canal after the injection of a contrast medium into the subarachnoid space. myelogram
X-ray images that are obtained after radiopaque contrast is injected into the pulmonary arteries is called pulmonary ______________________. angiography
An _________________________ is the collection and later reinfusion of a patient's own blood or blood components. autologous transfusion
When the thyroid gland becomes enlarged it is referred to as __________________. goiter
__________________ tumors are capable of invading surrounding tissues and spreading to other sites within the body. malignant
The x-ray record of the endometrial cavity and the fallopian tubes obtained after the injection of contrast material through the vagina and into the endocervical canal is called a ______________________. hysterosalpingography
____________________ disorder is characterized by one or more manic episodes alternating with depressive episodes. Bipolar
EGD esophagogastroduodenoscopy
GERD gastroesophageal reflux disease
PET positron emission tomography
AAA abdominal aortic aneurysm
CAD coronary artery disease
HTN hypertension
URI upper respiratory infection
HEENT head, eyes, ears, nose and throat
IOL intraocular lens
GTT glucose tolerance test
XRT radiation therapy
ADHD attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
DT delirium tremens
A _________________ is a clouding of the lens of the eye causing decreased vision. cataract
The use of ultrasonic vibrations to break up the lens of the eye is called _______________________. phacoemulsification
A congenital malformation of the heart involving four distinct defects is called ______________________. Tetralogy of Fallot
When the arteries and veins are anastomosed to the coronary arteries to detour around blockages it is called a _______________________ procedure. coronary artery bypass grafting
Abnormally swollen and twisted veins, usually occurring in the legs are called ____________________. varicose veins
A collapsed, functionless and airless lung or portion of a lung is called ____________________. atelectasis
_______________________ is the inflammation of the bronchi persisting over a long period of time. chronic bronchitis
An abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pleural space is referred to as ____________________________. pleural effusion
The placement of a tube through the mouth and into the pharynx, larynx and trachea to establish an airway is called a _____________________________. endotracheal intubation
____________________ anemia is caused by the bodies inability to absorb vitamin B12. pernicious
A malignant tumor of the lymph nodes and lymph tissue is called __________________. lymphoma
The chronic inflammation of the colon with the presence of ulcers is called ___________________________. ulcerative colitis
The medical term for gallstones is _______________________. cholelithiasis
An x-ray examination of the biliary system performed after the injection of contrast into the bile ducts is called a __________________________. cholangiography
A ___________________ is defined as a disruption in the normal blood supply to the brain. CVA
_____________________ is a result of a lack of insulin secretion or a resistance of insulin in promoting sugar, starch and fat metabolism in cells. diabetes mellitus
The use of chemicals in the treatment of cancer is called _____________________. chemotherapy
The visual examination of the abdominal cavity using small incisions and a laparascope is called a ___________________. laparoscopy
A diagnostic radiological procedure that utilizes high-frequency sound waves that bounce off body tissues and are then recorded is called a _______________________. ultrasound
The uncontrollable urge to perform an act repeatedly is referred to as _____________________. compulsion
_________________ syndrome is often referred to as a less severe type of autism. asperger
This type of psychotherapy utilizes face-to-face discussions of life problems and associated feelings. insight-oriented
Created by: leanneweit on 2010-01-05



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