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SS test- 1/8/10

diplomacy negotiations between countries to reach an agreement and avoid confrontation
neutrality not taking sides in a war and having the right to trade with countries that are fighting
isolationism country stays out of disagreement between other countries and avoids joining any military alliances
interventionism country takes an active or more hands on role in the world with diplomatic or military action
Spanish American War April 23, 1898
"yellow" journalism exaggerated or untrue newspaper stories to get people's attention and increase circulation
humanitarianism caring about the well being of other people and wanting to help those who are suffering or being mistreated
propaganda words or pictures that bend the truth, misrepresent the facts, or lie to inlence the public opinion
National Security Spain's army in cuba was a treat to America and other countries in the western hemispere
"Rememeber the Maine, to Hell with Spain" US warship destroyed by an accidental explosion that is the immediate cause of the war with Spain in 1898
3 reason to go to war with Spain -humanitarianism-help Cuba get independence-national security
N.A.T.O. North American TreatyOrganization
imperialism to acquire a colonial empire overseas or trying to influence the outcome elections in other countries to set up governments friendly to the U.S.
annex(ation) to acquire an area of land and make it part of a country as a colony
protectorate weak country protected by a world power in exchange for certain benefits
Sphere of Influence parrt of the world "policed" by a world power that is off limits to other world powers (the Western Hemisphere)
"Big stick" Diplomacy T. Roosevelt would use the military to carry out the country's foreign policy and respond to any situation that effects the US
Great War World War 1 1914-1918
nationalism strong feelings of pride in a country who will support any descision made by the government + leaders
militarism ideology that glorifies war, preparedness, and large armies and navies to fight in war
Alliance(s) group between 2 or more countries that fight together to win a war
Triple Alliance Germany, Italy, Austria-Hungary
Central Powers germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Turkey
Entente countries are on friendly terms and agree to work to preserve peace in Europe
triple entente France, Russia, Great Britain
Allie Powers US, Russia, France, Great Britain, Italy, Romania, Serbia
June 28, 1914 Franz (Francis) Ferdinand and Sophie were assasinated in Sarajevo, Serbia by Govrilo Princip ("Black Hand")
Emperor Francis Joseph Austria-Hungary
Czar (Tsar) Nicholas II Russia
Kaiser Wilhelm II Germany
President W. Wilson U.S.
mobilize country calls up the army and sends soldiers to the fronts to fight
Western Front France
Eastern Front Russia
Battle of the Marne 1914; French army stopped the Germans outside Paris to keep them from winning the war on the Western Front
Trench Warfare type of fighting that will cause millions of casualties with little or no change in position on the Western Front (bloody stalemate)
War of Attrition two armies try to wear each other down until one side gives up
defeatism feeling that a war is unwinable, going on is useless, and the government should take the country out of the war
Battle of Galipoli Turkey, 1915; allies failedvto reopen the Dardanelle's strait needed to send supplies to keep Russia in the war
Mustard gas smells like lilacs but makes you suffocate
Chlorine gas fills your lungs with water
fosfine gas acid
Four Causes of World War I : 1. nationalism, 2. militarism, 3. imperialism, 4. alliances
Created by: smiles10