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vocab. S/S Europe

social studies vocab. europe

Mediterranean Sea an inland sea that borders Europe, southwest Asia and Africa
Pennisula a body of land surrounded by water on three sides
Plain a large flat area of land that usually does not have many trees
City-State a central together city and it's surrounded villages, which together follow the sames laws, have one form of government, and share languages, religious beliefs, and ways of life
Polis the central city of a City-State
Government the people and groups within a society that have the athority to make laws, to make sure they are carried out, and to settle disagreements about them
Colonies supplied raw materials that the ruling countries needed to produce goods in their factories back home
Scientific revolution a period of great scientific change and dicovery during the 16th and 17th centuries
Industrial revolution a period of change beginning in the late 18th century, during which goods began tobe manufactured by power-driven machines
Labor Force a pool of available wokers
Capitalism an economic system in which the factories and businesses that make and sell goods are privately owned and the decision about what goods to pruduce
Alliance an agreement amoung people or nation to unite for a common cause and to help any alliance member that is to attack
Austria-Hungary in the 1900's a dual monarchy in which the Hapsburg emperor ruled both Austria and Hungary
Colonialism a system by which a country maintains colonies outside it's borders
Imperialism the practice of one country's controllig the government and economy of another country or territory
Patriotism love in ones country
Nationlism strong pride inones naton or ethnic group (patriotism on steroids)
World War I a war fought from 1914 to 1918 between allies (Russia, France, the United Kingdom, Italy and the United States) and central Powers (Austria-Hungary, Germany, Turkey and Bolgaria.)
Socialism an economic system in which business and industries are owned collectively or by the government
Communism an economic and political, system in which property i owned collectively and labor is organized in a way that is supposed to benefit all people
Fascism a political philoshy that promotes a strong, cantral government controlled by the military and led by a powerful dictator
Military Dictatorship a government ruled by a person in the military
Propaganda material designed to spread certain beliefs
Holocaust the organized killing of European Jews and other by the Nazis during World War II
World War II a war fought from 1939 to 1945 between the Axis power(Germany, Italy and Japan) an the allies (the United Kingdom, France, the Soviet Union and thr United States).
NATO the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, a denfence alliance formed in 1949, with the coutries of wesrtern Europe, Canada, and the United States agreeing to defend onr another if attacked
European Union an economic and political grouping of countries of western Europe
Created by: nkoops