Busy. Please wait.

Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 

show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.

By signing up, I agree to StudyStack's Terms of Service and Privacy Policy.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the email address associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove ads
Don't know (0)
Know (0)
remaining cards (0)
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards

Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

cardiovascular word

cardiovascular word list

Anastomosis Surgical attachment of one end of a hollow structure to another end.
Angina Intermittent chest pain,usually of short duration.
Angiorrhaphy Suturing of a blood vessel.
Aneurysm A localized,abnormal dilation of a blood vessel,usually an artery,thinning of a blood vessel wall.
Aorta Largest artery in the body which collects blood from from the left ventricle, and delivers it to all parts of the body via smaller arteries.
Arrhythmia Irregularity in the heart action/beat.
Artery Vessel that carries blood from the heart to body tissues and organs. (oxygenated)
Arteriole A small artery.
Arteriosclerosis Abnormal condition of hardening of the arteries.
Atherosclerosis Abnormal condition in which there is a build up of fatty deposits in the arteries.
Bicuspid Valve A valve with two cusps,through which blood passes from the left atrium to the left ventricle. (mitral valve)
Blood Pressure The force exerted by the blood against the arterial walls during the contraction phase and relaxation phase of the heart.
Bradycardia Slow heart beat.
Bruit A soft blowing sound heard on auscultation. (murmur)
Bundle of His Specialized muscle fibres in the wall between the ventricles that carry the electric impulses to the ventricles.
Capillaries Microscpoic blood vessels connecting arterioles and venules.
Cardiac Catheterization Test which helps to assess the heart,major coronary vessels,valves and septum. Involves a catheter being inserted into the right side of the heart through an arm or leg.
Cardiomegaly Enlargement of the heart.
Cardiomyopathy Any disease of the heart muscle that diminishes cardiac function (caused by viral infections and metabolic disorders).
Cardiovascular System System composed of the heart,blood vessels and their function within the body.
Cardioversion Conversion of a cardiac arrhythmia to normal sinus rhythm by the use of a device called a defibrillator. Applying controlled electrical shock to the exterior of the chest.
Carditis Inflammation of the heart.
CCU Coronary Care Unit.
Conductive Tissue Highly specialized cardiac tissue which initiates and continues contraction impluses.
Congenital Septal Defect Small hole(s) within the atrial or ventricular septums,which is present at birth.
Congestive Heart Failure(CHF) Failure of the heart to pump an adequate amount of blood to the tissues and organs.
Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) Any disease which alters the ability of the coronary artery to deliver the amount of blood that is required by the heart muscle.
Diaphoresis Profuse sweating.
Diastole The relaxation phase of the heart.
Dyspnea Difficult breathing.
Echocardiography Examination which uses ultrasound to provide assessment of the structures and function of the heart.
Electrocardiogram A graphic record of the electrical impulses generated by the conduction system of the heart.
Embolus A thrombus which has broken loose from the vein wall and begun to travel through the vascular system.
Endocardium Innermost layer of the heart.
Epicardium Outermost layer of the heart.
Fibrillation Quivering or spontaneous muscle contractions, causing ineffectual cardiac contractions.
Heart A hollow, muscular organ that pumps blood through the arteries, cappillaries, and veins.
Holter Monitor A small, portable ECG monitor that assesses heart and pulse action as the patient engages in daily activities. 24-48 hr of ECG/EKG Tracing.
Hypertension Elevated (high) blood pressure.
Infarct Area of tissue that undergoes necrosis after cessation of blood supply.
Inferior Vena Cava Large vein which collects and carries deoxygenated blood from the lower portion of the body and enters the right atrium.
Insufficiency Inability of valves to close properly.
Ischemia Lack of oxygen or blood to body tissues. Local and temperary deficiency of blood supply.
Left Atrium Chamber which receives oxygenated blood from the lungs.
Left Ventricle Chamber which pumps oxygenated blood to the body via the aorta.
Ligated Tied.
Myocardial Infarction Life threatening condition characterized by necrosis in the myocardium due to lack of oxygen. Circulator blockage.
Myocardium Musclar layer of the heart.
Necrosis Destruction (death) of tissue.
Pacemaker An electrical device that controls the beating of the heart by rhythmic series of electrical dischages.
Pallor Paleness.
Pericardium Fibrous sac which encloses the heart.
Phlebitis Inflammation of a vein.
Pulmonary Artery Carries deoxygenated blood from the right ventricle to the lungs.
Pulmonary Vein Carries oxygenated blood back to the heart from the lungs.
Pulmonary Semilunar Valve Prevents the backflow of blood into the right ventricle.
Purkinje Fibers Extend up the walls of the ventricles and transmit electrical impluses to both ventricles, causing them to contract.
Right Atrium Chamber which collects deoxygenated blood from the body.
Right Ventricle Chamber which pumps deoxygenated blood from the heart to the lungs.
Septum Muscular wall which divides the right and left sides of the heart.
Shunt A passage between two blood vessels or between two sides of the heart.
Sphygmomanometer Instrument for measuring blood pressure.
Stenosis Narrowing.
Stress/Exercise Testing Measures the efficiency of the heart during a period when it is subjected to predetermined exercises (treadmill or bicycle).
Stripped Removed.
Superior Vena Cava Large vein which collects and carries deoxygenated blood from the top portion of the body and enters the right atrium.
Systole The contract phase of the heart.
Tachycardia Rapid heart action.
Thromophlebitis Inflammation of a vein wall, which may cause clots to form.
Thrombosis Abnormal condition of a blood clot in the blood vessel.
Thrombus A blood clot that obstructes a vessel. Becomes embolus if moves from location.
Tricuspid Valve A valve with three cusps, located between the right atrium and right ventricle, which allows blood to pass into the right ventricle.
Varicose Veins Condition which develops when the valves of the veins are damaged. Characterized by enlarged veins and edema of the surrounding tissues.
Vasodilator Medication used to expand blood vessels; especially in the treatment of angina and hypertension.
Vein A vessel that carries blood to the heart from the body organs and tissues. (deoxygenated)
Venule A small vein.
Created by: zeldafan