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DNA 1

Yr 10 Genetics and Biotechnology

QuestionAnswer
What is the name for one of two or more forms of the same gene? Allele
What is the name for the building blocks of proteins? Amino acid
What is the name for a thread-like structure that contains all or part of an eukaryotic cell's DNA? Chromosome
What is the name for a 3-base group used in the genetic code? Codon
What is the name for the structure of DNA? Double helix
What is the basic heredity unit that carries the instuctions to make a particular protein called? Gene
What is the name for all of the information encoded in our genes? Genome
What is the name for the genetic makeup of a cell or organism? Genotype
What is a cell called that has pairs of different alleles? Heterozygous
What is a cell termed if it has identical alleles? Homozygous
What is the name for the position of a gene on a chromosome? Locus
What is the term used to describe a change in a cell's genetic code? Mutation
What term describes the physical characteristics of an organism? Phenotype
What is the name for all of the information encoded in our genes? Genome
What is the name for the genetic makeup of a cell or organism? Genotype
What is a cell called that has pairs of different alleles? Heterozygous
What is a cell termed if it has identical alleles? Homozygous
What is the name for the position of a gene on a chromosome? Locus
A change in a cell's genetic code is termed? A mutation
What term describes the physical characteristics of an organism? Phenotype
Created by: srolfe