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musculoskeletal sy

musculoskeletal system

Rounded end of a bone separated from the body of the bone by a neck bone head
large process on the femur for attachment of tendons and muscle Greater trochanter
Rounded process on many bones for attachment of tendons and mucles. Tubercle
Rounded, knuckle-like process at the joint Condyle
Shallow cavity in or on a bone Fossa
Opening for blood vessels and nerves Foramen
Narrow, deep, slit-like opening Fissure
Hollow, cavity within a bone Sinus
Cranial bone that forms the forehead and the roof of the bony sockets that contain the eyes Frontal bone
Two cranial bones that from the roof and upper part of the sides of the cranium Parietal bone
The two bones that form the lower sides and base of the cranium Temporal bone
Cranial bone that forms the back and base of the skull and joins the parietal and temporal bones, forming a suture Occipital bone
Cranial bone that is bat-shaped and extends behind the eyes and forms part of the base of the skull Sphenoid bone
Thin, delicate cranial bone that supports the nasal cavity and forms part of the orbits of the eyes Ethmoid bone
Two slender facial bones that support the bridge of the nose Nasal bones
Two small, thin facial bones located at the corner of each eye Lacrimal bones
Two large facial bones that compose the massive upper jawbones Maxillary bones
Lower jawbone Mandibular bone
Two facial bones, one of each side of the face, that form the high portion of the cheek Zygomatic bones
Thin, single, flat facial bone that forms the lower portion of the nasal septum Vomer
Air cavities Sinuses
First 7 bones of the vertebral column Cervical vertibrae (C1 to C7)
Second set of 12 vertebrae in the vertebral column Thoracic vertebrae (T1-T12)
Third set of 5 vertebrae in the vertebral column Lumbar vertebrae (L1-L5)
Five separate bones that fuse in a young child and a slightly curved, triangular bone in an adult Sacral vertebrae
Tailbone Coccyx
Collar bone Clavicle
Shoulder blade Scapula
Breastbone Sternum
Bones that extend from the sternum Ribs
Upper Arm bone Humerus
Medial lower arm bone Ulna
Lateral lower arm bone Radius
Wrist bones Carpals
The five radiating bones in the fingers Metacarpals
Finger bones Phalanges
Pelvis Pelvic Girdle
Upper most portion of the pelvis Ilium
Posterior portion of the pelvis ischium
Anterior portion of the pelvis Pubis
Thigh bone Femur
Kneecap Patella
Larger of the two bones of the lower leg Tibia
Smaller of the two bones of the lower leg Fibula
Bones of the hind foot Tarsals
Bones of the midfoot Metatarsals
Bones of the forefoot Phalanges of the toes
calc/o, calci/o calcium
kyph/o humpback, hunchback
lamin/o lamina
lord/o curve, swayback
lumb/o loins, lower back
myel/o bone marrow
orth/o straight
oste/o bone
scoli/o crooked, bent
spondyl/o vertebra
vertebr/o vertebra
-blast embryonic or immature cell
-clast to break
-listhesis slipping
-malacia softening
-physis to grow
-porosis pore, passage
-tome instrument to cut
acetabul/o acetabulum (hip socket)
calcane/o calcaneus (heel)
carp/o carpals (wrist bones)
clavicul/o calvicle (collar bone)
cost/o ribs
crani/o cranium
femor/o femur
fibul/o fibula
humer/o humerus
ili/o ilium
ischi/o ischium
malleol/o mandible
maxill/o maxilla
metacarp/o metacarpals
metatars/o metatarsals
olecran/o olecranon
patell/o patella
pelv/i pelvis
perone/o fibula
phalang/o phalanges
pub/o pubis
radi/o radius
scapul/o scapula
stern/o sternum
tars/o tarsals
tibi/o tibia
uln/o ulna
Traumatic breaking of a bone Fracture
Fracture that occurs near the wrist joint at the lower end of the radius Colles fracture
Bone is splintered or crushed into several pieces comminuted fracture
bone is compressed compression fracture
Bone is partialy broken greenstick fracture
One fragment is driven firmly into the other Impacted fracture
Softening of bone, with inadequate amounts of mineral in the bone osteomalacia
Decrease in bone density, thinning and weakening of bone osteoporosis
ankyl/o stiff
arthr/o joint
articul/o joint
burs/o bursa
chondr/o cartilage
ligament/o ligament
rheumat/o watery flow
synov/o synovial membrane
ten/o tendon
tendin/o tendon
-desis to bind, tie together
-stenosis narrowing
Inflammation and painful swelling of joints causes by excessive uric acid in the body Gouty arthritis
Progressive, degenerative, joint disease characterized by loss of articular cartilage and hypertrophy of bone osteoarthritis (OA)
Chronis disease in which joints become inflamed and painful rheumatoid arthritis (RA)
Compression of the median nerve as it passes between the ligament and the bones and tendons of the wrist Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS)
A fluid-filled cyst arising from the joint capsule or a tendon in the wrist Ganglion
Trauma to a join with pain, swelling, and injury to ligaments Sprain
A less serious injury involving the overstretching of mucle Strain
Chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease involving joints, skin, kidneys, nervous system, heart and lungs systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)
fasci/o fascia
fibr/o fibrous
leiomy/o smooth muscle that lines the walls of the internal organs
my/o muscle
myocardi/o heart muscle
myos/o muscle
plant/o sole of the foot
rhabdomy/o skeletal muscle connected to bones
-asthenia lack of strength
-trophy development, nourishment
ab- away from
ad- toward
dorsi- back
poly- many, much
CK creatine kinase
ESR erythrocyte sedimentation rate
IM intramuscular
ROM range of motion
SLE systemic lupus erythematosus
EMG electromyography
Connective tissue bones are composed of Osseous tissue
Elements of Osseous tissue Osteocytes (bone cells), Collagen (dense connective tissue strands), Calcium salts
What are bones made of during fetal development catilaginous tissue
Immature osteocytes that produce bony tissue that replaces cartilage during ossification Osteoblasts
Large cells that digest bone tissue from the inner sides of bones and enlarge the thinner bone cavity so bones do not become overly thick and heavy Osteoclasts
Minerals that bones depend on for formation Calcium and Phosphorus
Vitamin needed for bone formation Vitamin D
How many bones are there in the human body? 206
Strong bones with broad end and large surface for muscle attachment Long Bones
Bone type that is found in the wrist and ankle Short Bones
Bones that are found covering soft body parts Flat Bones
Small, rounded bones resembling a sesame seed in shape Seamoid Bones
Shaft or middle region of a long bone Diaphysis
Each end of a long bone Epiphysis
Flared portion of the bone Metaphysis
Strong, fibrous, vascular membrane that covers the surface of long bones, except the ends of the epiphysis periosteum
Covering of the ends of long bones articular cartilage
Layer of hard, dense bone that lies under the perioteum in all bone and liefs chiefly around the diaphysis of long bones Compact bone
Canals within the compact bone that contain blood vessels that bring oxygen and nutrients to the bone and remove waste products such as carbon dioxide haversian canals
Hollow inside of long bones medullary cavity
Fat cells within the medullary cavity yellow bone marrow
porous, less dense bone Spongy (Cancellous) bone
Substance contained in the spaces within spongy bone Red bone marrow
Created by: 571696951