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Terminology Lesson10

Medical Terminology Lesson 10 - Common Medical Abbreviations A thr R

a, ante before
aa, ana of each
abd abdominal
a.c. (ante cibum) before meals
ADL activity of daily living
ad lib as desired
a.m. (ante meridiem) morning
amt. amount (volume)
AROM active range of motion (physical/patient therapy)
AX axillary (temperature under the arm)
BID (bis in die) two times a day
BM bowel movement
BP blood pressure (systolic/diastolic)
BRP bathroom privileges
C Celsius
small C witha line with
cal calorie
cath catheter
CBR complete bed rest
cc cubic centimeter (same as ml.)
CHF congestive heart failure
cm centimeter (1 inch equals 2.54 cms)
CN charge nurse
CNS central nervous system (brain and spinal cord)
c/o complains of (patient's complaints)
DC discontinue (stop)
DON director of nurses
JACH Joint Accreditation Commission of Hospitals
Dr. doctor (doctorate)
DX diagnosis
diagnosis educated guess as to what is wrong with a patient
prognosis educated guess as to what the outcome will be for the patient
F Fahrenheit (named after a Dr. Fahrenheit)
fx fracture
femur large bone located in the thigh
GI gastrointestinal (stomach hurt)
gtt (gutta) drop
GU genitourinary
h hour
H2O water (hydrogen and oxygen)
HOB head of bed
Trendelenberg position hips are placed higher than the head
Reverse Trendelenberg head of the bed should remain elevated
HOH hard of hearing
HS hour of sleep
@ at
I/O intake and output
IV intravenous (placement of a catheter into a vein)
Infiltrated IV was no longer in the vein
kg kilogram (equals 2.2 pounds)
L liter (equals 1,000 cc's or 33.8 ounces)
lb. pound (16oz = 1 lb)
oz. ounces
LE lower extremity
LLE left lower extremity
LUE left upper extremity
lt. left
MI myocardial infarction (heart attack)
mm millimeter (.1 cm = centimeter)
noc night
NPO nothing by mouth
N/V nausea and vomiting
O.D. (oculus dexter) right eye, overdose
OOB out of bed
O.S. (oculus sinister) left eye
O.U. (oculus uterque) both eyes
oz. ounce
line above p after
P pulse (beats per minute)
radial pulse recorded in the wrist
popliteal pulse behind the knee
apical pulse directly on the chest
carotid pulse on the neck
pedal pulse on the foot
p.c. (post cibum) after meals
po (per os) by mouth
p.m. (post meridiem) evening
prn (pro re nata) as needed
PROM passive range of motion
pt. patient
qd (quaque die) every day (refers to medications)
qh (quaque hora) every hour
q2h every two hours
qid (quater in die) four times a day
qod (quaque outro die) every other day
QNS (quantum non sufficit) quantity not sufficient
QS quantity sufficient
® rectal (temperature)
R respirations (how many breaths)
RE right extremity
RUE right upper extremity
RLE right lower extremity
ROM range of motion
Rx (recipe of prescription) prescription
LPM last menstrual period
Created by: josimaryduke