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Egypt Ancient

Unit test for Ancient Egypt

Delta the flat, triangle shaped land made of silt deposited at the mouth of a river
Economy the way a country manages money and resources for the production of goods and services
Irrigation the watering of dry land by means of canals or pipes
Pharaoh the title used by the rulers of Ancient Egypt, God Kings
Pyramid a massive structure built of stone, usually having a square base and four triangular sides that slopes upward
Hieroglyphics the ancient Egyptian system of writing that used symbols to stand for objects, ideas, or sounds
Papyrus a paper made from papyrus, a reed plant growing along the Nile River, that the ancient Egyptians used for writing.
Scribe a professional writer who kept records and copied letters and official documents
Rosetta Stone Had the same passage carved in 3 kinds of writing -–hieroglyphics, demonic and Greek
Menes King of Upper Egypt who united upper and lower Egypt
Khufu Egyptian Pharaoh who built the Great Pyramid
Hatshepsut Female Egyptian Pharaoh
Tutankhamen Egyptian (Boy) Pharaoh, his tomb was discovered in 1922 enabling us to learn about Egyptian life
Silt a mixture of tiny bits of soil and rock carried and deposited by a river
Barter to trade things (products) for other things (products) without using money
Fertile Land that is good for growing crops
Empire a group of lands and peoples ruled by one government
Why settle near the Nile River Fresh water to drink and grow crops, Egypt is mostly desert
Why settle near the Nile River Nile River was good for fishing, fish as a source of food
Why settle near the Nile River The Nile River provided a way to travel by boat, this allowed for trade routes
Khufu Built the Great Pyramid of Giza, largest in the world.
Khufu Considered Ambitious and Cruel
Ramses II First Pharaoh to sign a peace treaty with Egypt's enemies, ending a long period of war
Khufu Didn't allow people to make religious sacrifices, closed temples
Ramses II Built many temples and other monuments; had a successful kingdom
Ramses II Egypt was never more powerful or wealthier than during Ramses II rule
Ramses II Considered a Peacemaker, a Great soldier, & Known as "Ramses the Great" – had vision & organization skills
Hatshepsut was a woman pharaoh when only men ruled, dressed as a man
Hatshepsut kept Egypt out of war; used the money to build up the country
Hatshepsut No wars during her rule; built great cities through trade
Hatshepsut Considered Brave, Wise, & a Good negotiator and had a vision for Egypt
Pharaoh (1) King - thought of as a living god
priest - (2) in charge of religion
vizier collected taxes, supervised everything
soldiers kept order
scribe kept writtne records
Merchants (3) sold items
craftsmen (3) made items
peassants (4) farmers and built pyramids
slaves (5) worked in mines and worked for the royal family
Hatshepsut completed temples and monuments left unfinished by other Pharaohs.
Hatshepsut Pharaoh who ordered journeys to far way lands to obtain goods
Pleasing the Pharaoh was important to Egyptians They believed they were gods
Pleasing the Pharaoh was important to Egyptians They believed that pleasing the Pharaoh would give them a better afterlife.
Created by: 1397919443