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SS CHAPTERr 2 test

Why is the sun important to planets in the solar system? It provides the planets heat and light.
The Earth's tilt is responsible for what? It is responsible for temperatures and seasons.
What is most of the Earth's surface covered by? Water
What happens to the Earth's surface when huge pieces of crust move? Earth quakes
The Earth's climate is effected by latitude, landforms and a combination of _______ and _______? Wind and water
What kind of vegetation is found in a humid, continental climate? Grasslands and forests. Grasses, coniferous trees.
Where are moderate climates generally found? In the middle latitudes.
Without wind and water working together, the Earth would________. Overheat
Essay Question: How have plants in continental and dry climates adapted to their environment? They have adapted to the dry environment by absorbing scarce water before it evaporates in the heat. They have adapted to continental climate because coniferous trees have seeds, and these adaptions provide protection throughout the winter.
Orbit The path followed by an object in space as it moves around each other, as that of Earth as it moves around the sun.
Revolution One complete orbit of Earth around the sun
Axis An imaginary line around which a planet turns.
Rotation The spinning motion of Earth
Low latitudes The region between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn
High latitudes The region between the Arctic Circle and the North Pole and the Antarctic Circle ad the South Pole.
Middle Latitudes The regions between the Tropic of Cancer and the Arctic Circle and the Tropic of Capricorn and the Antarctic Circle.
Landform An area of Earth's surface with a definite shape.
Mountain Usually; a land form that rises more than 2,000 feet above sea level and is wide at the bottom and narrow at the peak.
Hill A landform that rises above the surrounding land and that has a rounded top.
Plateau A large, mostly flat area that rises above the surrounding land.
Plain A large area of flat or gently rolling land.
Plate tectonics THe theory that Earth's crust is made of huge, slowly moving slabs of rock called plates.
Plate In geography, a hige section of Earth's crust.
Weathering THe breaking down of rocks by wind, rain, or ice.
Erosion A process by which water, wind or ice wears away landforms and carries the material to another place.
Atmosphere The multilayered band of gases that surrounds Earth.
Weather The condition of the bottom layer of Earth's atmosphere in one place over a short period of time.
Temperature The degree of hotness or coldness of something.
Precipitation All the forms of water, such as rain, sleet, hail and snow that fall to the ground.
Climate The weather patterns that an area typically experiences over a long period of time.
Vegetation The plants in an area.
Canopy A layer of branches and leaves at the tops of trees in a forest.
Tundra A region where temperatures are always cold and where only certain plants, such as low grasses, can grow.
Vertical climate The overall weather patterns of a region, as influenced by elevation.
Created by: kmaloney29