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P Mylin Study Stack

Cardiovascular System

aneurysm/o widened blood vessel
angi/o vessel (usually blood or lymph)
vascul/o vessel
aort/o aorta
arteri/o artery
arteriol/o arteriole
atri/o atrium
ather/o fatty plaque
cardi/o heart
electr/o electricity
embol/o embolus (plug)
hemangi/o blood vessel
my/o muscle
phleb/o vein
ven/o vein
scler/o hardening
sept/o septum
sphygm/o pulse
sten/o narrowing, stricture
thromb/o blood clot
ventricul/o ventricle (of the heart or brain)
-gram record, writing
-graph instrument for recording
-graphy process of recording
-sphyxia pulse
-stenosis narrowing, stricture
brady- slow
endo- in, within
extra- outside
peri- around
tachy- rapid
trans- across
Localized abdominal dilation of a vessel, usually an artery aneurysm
Condition of being stopped or bringing to a stop arrest
Loss of effective cardiac function, which results in cessation of circulation cardiac arrest
Soft blowing sound heard on auscultation, possibly due to vibrations associated with the movement of blood, valvular action, or both; also called murmur bruit
Any disease or weakening of heart muscle that diminishes cardiac function cardiomyopathy
Thin, flexible, hollow plastic tube that is small enough to be threaded through a vein, artery, or tubular sructure catheter
Blood clot that forms in the deep veins of the body, especially those in the legs or thighs deep vein thrombosis (CVT)
Calculation of how much blood a ventricle can eject with one contraction ejection fraction (EF)
Failure of the heart to supply an adequate amount of blood to tissues and organs heart failure (HF)
Mass of undissolved matter (foreigh object, air, gas, tissue, thrombus) circulating in blood or lymphatic channels until it becomes lodged in a vessel embolus
Quivering or spontaneous muscle contractions, especially of the heart, causing ineffectual contractions fibrillation
Arrest of bleeding or circulation - blood standing still hemostasis
Excessive amounts of lipids (cholesterol, phospholipids, and triglycerides) in the blood hyperlipidemia
Common disorder characterized by elevated blood pressure persistently exceeding 140mm HG systolic or 90mmHG diastolic hypertension (HTN)
Inability of the heart to maintain a normal sinus rhythm arrhythmia
Implantable battery-powered device that monitors and automatically corrects ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation by sending electrical impulses to the heart implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD)
Area of tissue that undergoes necrosis following cessation of blood supply - Heart or Brain infarct
Local and temporary deficiency of blood supply due to circulatory obstruction ischemia
Common and occasionally serious condition in which the leaflets of the mitral valve prolapse into the left atrium during systole causing a characteristic murmur heard on auscultation mitral valve prolapse (MVP)
Sensation that the heart is not beating normally, possibly including "thumping", "fluttering", "skipped beats", or a pounding feeling in the heart palpitation
Congenital anomaly consisting of four elements: (1) pulmonary artery stenosis; (2) interventricular septal defect; (3) transposition of the aorta, so that both ventricles empty into the aorta; (4) right ventricular hypertrophy tetralogy of Fallot
Slender or threadlike device used to hold open vessles, tubes, or obstructed arteries stent
Blood clot that obstructs a vessel thrombus
Passage of a catheter into the heart through a vein or artery to provide a comprehensive evaluation of the heart cardiac catheterization (CC)
Graphic line recording that shows the spread of electrical excitation to different parts of the heart using small metal electrodes applied to the chest, arms, and legs electrocardiogram (ECG, EKG)
ECG taken with a small portable recording system capable of storing up to 24 hours of ECG tracings Holter monitor test
ECG taken under controlled exercise stress conditions stress test
Blood test that measures troponin T. troponin I, and creatinine kinase (CK-MB) cardiac enzyme studies
Radiographic imaging of the heart and blood vessels after injection of a contrast dye angiography
Angiography to determine the degree of obstruction of the arteries that supply blood to the heart coronary angiography
Angiography in which two radiographic images are obtained - compared by a computer that digitally subtracts images of soft tissues, bones, and muscles, leaving only the image of vessels with contrast digital subtraction angiography
Noninvasive diagnostic method that uses ultrasound to visualize internal cardiac structures and produce images of the heart echocardiography (ECHO)
Noninvasive adaptation of ultrasound technology in which blood flow velocity is assessed in different areas of the heart Doppler ultrasound
Nuclear procedure that uses radioactive tracers to produce movie-like images of the structures of the heart multiple-gated acquisition (MUGA)
Diagnostic test that uses radiation emitted by the body after an injection of radioactive substances to create images of various organs or identify body functions and diseases scintigraphy
Scintigraphy procedure that uses injected radioactive thallium and records the uptake of the isotope with a gamma camera to produce an image thallium study (resting)
Injection of a chemical irritant (sclerosing agent) into a vein to produce inflammation and fibrosis that destroys the lumen of the vein sclerotherapy
Procedure to restore normal rhythm of the heart by applying a controlled electrical shock to the exterior of the chest cardioversion
Procedure that alters a vessel through surgery or dilation of the vessel using a balloon catheter angioplasty
Surgical procedure that uses a vessel graft from another part of the body to bypass the blocked part of a coronoary artery and restore blood supply to the heart muscle - usually 2, 3 or 4 arteries coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)
Dilation of an occluded vessel using a balloon catheter under fluoroscopic guidance percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA)
Removal and examination of a segment of an arterial vessel wall to confirm inflammation of the wall or arteries, a type of vasculitis arterial biopsy
Destruction of conduction tissue of the heart ot interrupt the abnormal conduction pathway causing the arrhythmia, thus allowing normal heart rhythm to resume catheter ablation
Procedure used to remove or treat varicose veins laser ablation
Tying a varicose vein (ligation) followed by removal (stripping) of the affected segment ligation and stripping
Surgical procedure performed on or within the exposed heart, usually with the assistance of a heart-lung machine open heart surgery
Destruction of a blood clot using anticlotting agents called clot-busters, such as tissue plasminogen activator thrombolysis
Infusion of a thrombolytic agent into a vessel to dissolve a blood clot intravascular thrombolysis
Incision of a valve to increase the size of the opening; used in treating mitral stenosis valvotomy
AAA abdominal aortic aneurysm
AF atrial fibrillation
ASHD arteriosclerotic heart disease
BBB bundle-branch block
BP, B/P blood pressure
CA cardiac arrest
CABG coronary artery bypass graft
CAD coronary artery disease
CC cardiac catheterization
Chol cholesterol
CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CV cardiovascular
DOE dyspnea on exertion
DVT deep vein thrombosis
ECG, EKG electrocardiogram
ECHO echocardiogram
EF ejection fraction
HDL high-density lipoprotein
HF heart failure
HTN hypertension
IV intravenous
LDL low-density lipoprotein
MI myocardial infarction
MR mitral regurgitation
MRA magnetic resonance angiogram
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
MS mitral stenosis
MUGA Multiple-gated acquisition (scan)
MVP mitral valve prolapse
NSR normal sinus rhythm
PTCA percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
PVC premature ventricular contraction
RV right ventricle
SA, S-A sinoatrial
SOB shortness of breath
VT ventricular tachycardia
Prevent, alleviate, or correct cardiac arrhythmias antiarrhythmics
Act on kidneys to increase excretion of water and sodium diuretics
Lower cholesterol in the blood and reduce its production in the liver by blocking the enzyme that produces it statins
Created by: pmylin