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P Mylin Study Stack

Blood, Lymph, and Immune Systems

aden/o gland
agglutin/o clumping, gluing
bas/o base (alkaline, opposite of acid)
blast/o embryonic cell
chrom/o color
eosin/o dawn (rose-colored)
erythr/o red
granul/o granule
hem/o blood
hemat/o blood
immun/o immune, immunity, safe
kary/o nucleus
nucle/o nucleus
leuk/o white
lymphaden/o lymph gland
lymph/o lymph
lymphangi/o lymph vessel
morph/o form, shape, structure
myel/o bone marrow; spinal cord
neutr/o neutral, neither
phag/o swallowing, eating
plas/o formation, growth
poikil/o varied, irregular
reticul/o net, mesh
ser/o serum
sider/o iron
splen/o spleen
thromb/o blood clot
thym/o thymus gland
xen/o foreign, strange
-blast embryonic cell
-emia blood condition
-globin protein
-graft transplantation
-osis abnormal condition; increase (used primarily with blood cells)
-penia decrease, deficiency
-phil attraction for
-phoresis carrying, transmission
-phylaxis protection
-poiesis formation, production
-stasis standing still
a- without, not
allo- other; differing from the normal
aniso- unequal, dissimilar
iso- same, equal
macro- large
micro- small
mono- one
poly- many, much
Associated with bone marrow failure, diminished RBCs, WBCs, and platelets due to bone marrow suppression - serious form of anemia that may be fatal Aplastic (hypoplastic) anemia
RBCs are large and deformed with a diminished production rate and life span; Normal levels are achieved by increasing folic acid in diet Folic-acid deficiency anemia
Associated with premature destruction of RBCs; usually accompanied by jaundice Hemolytic anemia
Most common type of anemia world-wide Iron-deficiency anemia
Chronic, progressive disorder found mostly in people older than age 50 Pernicious anemia
Most common genetic disorder in people of African descent Sicle cell anemia
Accumulation of serous fluid in the peritoneal or pleural cavity ascites
Presence of viable bacteria circulating in the bloodstream usually transient in nature bacteremia
Condition that occurs following bone marrow transplant in which the immune cells in the transplanted marrow produce antibodies against the host's tissues graft-versus-host disease (GVHD)
Localized accumulation of blood, usually clotted, in an organ, space, or tissue due to a break in or severing of a blood vessel hematoma
Arrest of bleeding or circulation; blood standing still hemostasis
State of being protected against infectious diseases immunity
Any disease of the lymph nodes lymphadenopathy
Serious, life-threatening bloodstream infection that may arise from other infections throughout the body, such as pneumonia, urinary tract infection, menengitis, or infections of the bone or GI tract septicemia
Laboratory test to detect the presence of antibodies, antigens, or immune substances serology
Blood test that measures the amount of antibodies in blood; commonly used as an indicator of immune status titer
Any condition in which the oxygen-carrying capacity of blood is deficient. It is not a disease but rather a symptom of various diseases anemia
Reduction in all cellular elements of the blood - WBC, RBC and platelets; present when neutropenia, anemia, and thrombocytopenia (all three) are present pancytopenia
Series of tests that includes hemoglobin; hematocret; RBC, WBC and platelet counts complete blood count (CBC)
Non-specific rapid serological test for infectious mononucleosis Monospot
Drawing in or out by suction aspiration
Removal of a small core sample of tissue from bone marrow for examination under a microscope and, possibly, for analysis using other tests bone marrow biopsy
Infusion of blood or blood components into the bloodstream transfusion
Transfusion prepared from the recipient's own blood autologous transfusion
Transfusion prepared from another individual whose blood is compatible with that of the recipient homologous transfusion
Transplantation of bone marrow from one individual to another to treat aplastic anemia, leukemia, and immunodeficiency disorders homologous bone marrow transplantation
Prevent blood clot formation by inhibiting the synthesis or inactivating one or more clotting factors; Warfaren, heparin anticoagulants
Prevent replication of viruses within host cells antivirals
Treatment that provides relief, but not a cure palliative care
Four Causes of Anemia Excessive blood loss, excessive blood-cell destruction, decreased blood formation, faulty helmoglobin production
Subsequent exposures to antigen produce increasing allergic reactions that cause a broad range of inflammatory changes - in the extreme, anaphylactic shock, a life-threatening condition anaphylaxis
AB, Ab, ab antibody
A, B, AB, O blood types in ABO blood group
AIDS acquired immune deficiency syndrome
ALL acute lymphocytic leukemia
AML acute myelogenous leukemia
CBC complete blood count
CLL chronic lymphocytic leukemia
CML chronic myelogenous leukemia
diff differential count (white blood cells)
ESR erythrocyte sedimentation rate
Hb, Hgb hemoglobin
HCT, Hct hematocrit
HIV human immunodeficiency virus
ITP idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
IV intravenous
PA pernicious anemia
PT prothrombin time
PTT partial thromboplastin time
RBC, rbc red blood cell
SLE systemic lupus erythematosus
WBC,wbc white blood cell
Created by: pmylin