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P Mylin Study Stack


A disorder in which bacteria invade the renal pelvis and kidney tissue, commonly as a result of a bladder infection that has ascended to the kidney via the ureters pyelonephritis
Any condition that causes the glomerular walls to become inflamed is referred to as ___________ glomerulonephritis
Stones may form in any part of the urinary tract, but most arise in the kidney, a condition called ____________ nephrolithiasis
Commonly associated with the aging process, as the prostate gland enlarges, it decreases the urethral lumen, and complete voiding of urine becomes difficult is known as __________ benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH)
cyst/o bladder
vesic/o bladder
glomerul/o glomerulus
lith/o stone, calculus
meat/o opening, meatus
nephr/o kidney
ren/o kidney
pyel/o renal pelvis
ur/o urine, urinary tract
ureter/o ureter
urethr/o urethra
andr/o male
balan/o glans penis
epididym/o epididymis
orch/o testis (plural, testes)
orchi/o testis
orchid/o testis
test/o testis
perine/o perineum (area between scrotum [or vulva in the female] and anus)
prostat/o prostate gland
spermat/o spermatozoa, sperm cells
sperm/o sperm cells
varic/o dilated vein
vas/o vessel; vas deferens; duct
vesicul/o seminal vesicle
albumin/o albumin, protein
azot/o nitrogenous compounds
bacteri/o bacteria (singular, bacterium)
crypt/o hidden
gonad/o gonads, sex glands
kali/o potassium (an electrolyte)
keton/o ketone bodies (acids and acetones)
noct/o night
olig/o scanty
py/o pus
-cide killing
-genesis forming, producing, origin
-iasis abnormal condition (produced by something specified)
-ism condition
-spadias slit, fissure
-uria urine
dia- through, across
retro- backward, behind
Absence of urine production or urinary output anuria
Retention of excessive amounts of nitrogenous compounds (urea, creatine, and uric acid) in the blood; also called uremia azotemia
Renal failure that occurs over a period of years, in which the kidneys lose their ability to maintain volume and composition of body fluids with normal dietary intake chronic renal failure
Painful or difficult urination, commonly described as a 'burning sensation' while urinating dysuria
Condition in which kidney function is permanently lost end-stage renal disease (ESRD)
Involuntary discharge of urine; also called incontinence enuresis
Abnormal passage from a hollow organ to the surface or from one organ to another fistula
Voiding urine at frequent intervals frequency
Involuntary delay in initiating urination hesitancy
Abnormal dilation of the renal pelvis and the calyces of one or both kidneys due to pressure from accumulated urine that cannot flow past an obstruction in the urinary tract hydronephrosis
Excessive or frequent urination after going to bed nocturia
Inherited disease in which sacs of fluid called cysts develop in the kidneys polycystic kidney disease (PKD)
Feeling of the need to void immediately urgency
Rapidly developing malignant neoplasm of the kidney that usually occurs in children Wilm's tumor
Congenital absence of one or both testes; also called anorchia or anorchism anorchidism
Failure to form or ejaculate semen aspermia
Inflammation of the skin covering the glans penis balanitis
erectile dysfunction (ED) Repeated inability to initiate or maintain an erection sufficient for sexual intercourse
Acumulation of serous fluid in a saclike cavity, especially the testes and associated structures hydrocele
Stenosis or narrowing of preputial orifice so that the foreskin cannot be retracted overt the glans penis phimosis
Inability to produce offspring; in the male, inability to fertilize the ovum sterility
Swelling and distension of veins of the spermatic cord varicocele
Screening test that assesses the rectal wall surface for lesions or abnormally firm areas that might indicate cancer digital rectal examination (DRE)
Measures the contraction of muscles that control urination using electrodes placed in the rectum and urethra electromyography (EMG)
Test that determines the amount of urea nitrogen, a waste product of protein metabolism, present in a blood sample blood urea nitrogen (BUN)
Test that analyzes a semen sample for volume, sperm count, motility, and morphology to evaluate fertility or verify sterilization after a vasectomy semen analysis
Radiographic examination of the urinary bladder using a contrast medium cystography
Radiographic examination of the kidneys, and urinary tract after IV injection of a contrast medium; also called excretory urography (EU) intravenous pyelography (IVP)
Radiographic examination to determine the location, size, and shape of the kidneys in relationship to other organs in the abdominopelvic cavity and to identify abnormalities of the urinary system kidney, ureter, bladder (KUB)
Radiology test in which radioactive materials called tracers are introduced into the patient and a specialized camera, which acts as a radiation detector, produces images by recording the emitted tracers nuclear scan
Medical procedure used to filter toxic substances from the pateint's bloodstream, such as excess electrolytes and nitrogenous wastes dialysis
Method of removing waste substances from the blood by shunting it from the body, passing it through an artificial kidney machine where it is filtered, and then returning the dialyzed blood to the patient's body hemodialysis
Removal of toxic substances from the body by perfusing the peritoneal cavity with a warm, sterile chemical solution peritoneal dialysis
Removal of all or part of the foreskin, or prepuce, of the penis circumcision
Fixation of a floating or mobile kidney nephropexy
Removal of one or both testes; also called orchiectomy orchidectomy
Incision of a urethral stricture urethrotomy
Excision of all or a segment of the vas deferens vasectomy
Treat bacterial infections of the urinary tract by acting on the bacterial membrane of one of its metabolic processes antibiotics
Decrease spasms in the urethra and bladder by relaxing the smooth muscles lining their walls, thus allowing normal emptying of the bladder antispasmodics
Promote and increase the excretion of urine diuretics
Replace potassium due to depletion caused by diuretics potassium supplements
Increase testosterone levels androgens
Treat erectile dysfunction (impotence) by increasing blood flow to the penis, resulting in an erection anit-impotence agents
AGN acute glomerulonephritis
ARF acute renal failure
ATN acute tubular necrosis
BNO bladder neck obstruction
BPH benign prostatic hypertrophy
BUN blood urea nitrogen
C&S culture and sensitivity
Cath catheterization; catheter
CT computed tomography
cysto cystoscopy
DRE digital rectal examination
ED erectile dysfunction, emergency department
EMG electromyogram, electromyography
ESRD end-stage renal disease
GU genitourinary
HD hemodialysis; hip disarticulation; hearing distance
HTN hypertension
IVP intravenous pyelography
K potasssium (an electrolyte)
KUB kidney, ureter, bladder
Na sodium
PKD polycystic kidney disease
PSA prostate-specific antigen
RP retrograde pyelogram
sp.gr. specific gravity
TSE testicular self-examination
TURP transurethral resection of the prostate
UA urinalysis
UTI urinary tract infection
pH symbol for degree of acidity or alkalinity
Created by: pmylin