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Chapter 12

Expirations breathing out
glottis slit-like opening to the larynx
hilium (of lung) Midline region where the bronchi, blood vessels, and nerves enter and exit the lungs
Inspiration Breathing In
Larynx Voice box; containing the vocal cords
lobe Division of a lung
mediastinum Region between the lungs in the chest cavity. It contains the trachea, heart, aorta, esophagus, and bronchial tubes
Nares Openings through the nose carrying air into the nasal cavities
Oxygen Gas that passes into the bloodstream at the lungs and travels to all body cells
Palatine Tonsils One of a pair of almost-shaped masses of lymphatic tissue in the oropharynx
Paranasal Sinus One of the air cavities in the bones near the nose
Parietal Pleura Outer fold of pleura lying closer to the ribs and chest wall.
Pharynx Throat; including the nasopharynx, oropharynx, and laryngopharynx
Pleura Double-folded membrane surrounding each lung
Pleura Cavity Space between the folds of the pleura
Pulmonary Parenchyma Essential parts of the lung, responsible for respiration; bronchioles and alveoli
Respiration Process of moving air into and out of the lungs; breath
trachea Windpipe
Visceral Pleura Inner fold of pleura lying closer to the lung tissue.
Adenoid/o Adenoids
Alveol/o Alveolus, air sac
Bronch/o, Bronchi/o Bronchus
Bronchiol/o Bronchiole, small bronchus
Capn/o Carbon Dioxide
Coni/o Dust
Epiglott/o Epiglottis
laryng/o Larynx, voice box
Lob/o Lobe of the lung
Mediastin/o Mediastinum
Nas/o Nose
Orth/o Straight, upright
Pector/o Chest
Pharyng/o Pharynx, throat
Phon/o Voice
phren/o Diaphragm
Pleur/o pleura
Pneum/o, Pneumon/o Air, lung
Pulmon/o Lung
Rhin/o Nose
Sinus/o Sinus, cavity
Spir/o Breathing
Tel/o Complete
Thorac/o Chest
Tonsill/o Tonsils
Trache/o Trachea, windpipe
-ema condition
-osmia smell
-pnea breathing
-ptysis spitting
-sphyxia pulse
-thorax -thorax pleural cavity, chest
adenoidectomy Process of cutting out the adenoids
Adenoid Hypertrophy Excessive development of the adenoids
Alveolar Pertaining to the air sac
Bronchospasm Sudden contractions of the bronchial tube
Bronchiectasis Dialation of the bronchus
Bronchodilator Widening of the bronchial tube
Created by: jlove08