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Greenmod digestive

Green mod digestive word list

Absorption The passage of simple nutrients into the bloodstream.
Achlorhydric Absence of hydrochloric acid in the stomach.
Aerophagia Swallowing air.
Anal Sphincter The constricting muscle at the anus which relaxes to allow passage of stool.
Anastomosis The natural or surgical joining of two hollow structures.
Anorectal Pertaining to both the anus and the rectum.
Anorexia Nervosa An eating disorder characterized by poor body image and refusal to eat.
Anus The outlet of the rectum.
Ascending colon First portion of the colon, extending from the cecum to the lower border of the liver.
Ascites Accumulation of serous fluid in the peritoneal cavity.
Barium enema Radiographic examination of the lower Digestive system, using liquid contrast to visualize.
Bucca Pertaining to the cheek.
Bulimia An eating disorder characterized by binge eating, purging, and vigorous exercise.
Borborygmus Gurgling sound heard as the gas passes through the liquid in the intestines.
Cecum First 2-3" of the large intestine.
Celiac Pertainging to the abdomen.
Cheiloplasty Surgical repair of the lip
Cholangioma Tumor of the bile duct or vessel.
Cholecystogram Radiographic record of the gallbladder.
Cholelith A gallstone.
Choledocholithotomy Removal of a gallstone through an inscision of the bile duct.
Cirrhosis Chronic disease of the liver.
Colon As called the large intestine; it is divided into four portions and is responsible for absorptionand elimination.
Colostomy Surgical formation of an opening from the colon through the abdominal wall to the outside.
Deglutition The act of swallowing.
Descending colon Third continuation of the colon which joins and forms the sigmoid colon.
Diarrhea The passage of unformed watery bowel movements.
Digestion The process by which food is broken down, mechanically and chemically in the digestive tract and converted into an absorbable form that can be used by the body.
Duodenum Uppermost division of the small intestine; receives secretions to aid in digestion.
Dysphagia Painful or difficult swallowing.
Elimination To remove, get rid of, exclude; also to pass urine from the bladder or stool from the bowel.
Endoscopy Tube via the mouth or anus.
Enterostomy Surgical formation of an opening from the small intestine through the abdominal wall.
Epiglottis A flap of tissue covering the trachea, which prevents food and liquids from entering the airway.
ERCP Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography. Radiographs of the pancreas and bile vessels after I.V. injection of a radiopaque contrast medium.
Eructation The raising of gas or acid from the stomach, resulting in belching.
Esophagojejunostomy Anastomosis of the esophagus and jejunum.
Esophagus A muscular canal which extends from the pharynx to the stomach.
Fecalith A fecal concentration (stone of fecal material).
Gallbladder An organ below the liver which stores and empties bile through its ducts into the small intestine.
Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Visual examination of the digestive tract using a fibre optic.
Gastrointestinal system Provides the body with nutrients, electrolytes and system water by ingestion,digestion,elimination and absorption.
Halitosis Bad Breath.
Hepatomegaly Enlargement of the liver.
Hernia Abnormal protrusion of an organ or tissue through the structures that normally contain it.
Ingest To eat.
Ileostomy Surgical formation of an opening from the ileum through the abdominal wall.
Ileum Lower division of the small intestine.
Jejunorrhaphy Surgical repair of the jejunum.
Jejunum Second division of the small intestine.
Laryngopharynx the lower portion of the pharynx which divides into the trachea and esophagus.
Leukoplakia White patches on the mucous membranes of the tongue or cheek.
Lingual Pertaining to the tongue.
Liver The largest gladular organ which functions include; producing bile,removing glucose from the blood, and storing vitamins.
Liver Scan Radiographic visualization of the liver after injection of a radioactive substance.
Mastication Chewing- the first stage of digestion.
Melena Black tarry feces due to blood in the intestinal tract.
Nasopharynx The portion of the throat above the soft palate and behind the nose.
Obstipation Extreme constipation.
Occult blood A test in which stool samples are collected to determine gastrointestinal bleeding.
Oropharynx The central part of the throat between the soft palate and epiglottis.
Pancreas An organ which uses ducts to provide exocrine secretions to the duodenum to aid in digestion.
Peristalsis Progressive wave-like motion which causes the contents of the digestive tract to be forced onward.
Pharynx Passageway for the air from the nose to the larynx and for food from the mouth to the esophagus.
Proctologist One who specializes in diseases of the colon,rectum, and anus.
Rectum Last portion of the digestive tract which terminates at the stomach.
Regurgitation The return of solids or fluids to the mouth from the stomach.
Serum Bilirubin A blood test to determine hepatic disorders.
Sialolithiasis Presence of a stone in the salivary gland.
Sigmoid colon A flexure of the colon which joins the descending colon and the rectum.
Small intestine A continuation of the digestive tract responsible for absorption. Consists of the duodenum,jejunum, and ileum.
Stomach A sac-like structure in the abdominal cavity, responsible for digestion of food.
Stomatitis Inflammation of the mouth of the stomach.
Steatorrhea Excessive fat in the feces due to malabsorption.
Trachea Cartilaginous tube which extends from the larynx to the bronchial tubes.
Transverse colon Second portion of the colon that passes horizontially across the abdomen toward the spleen.
Ulcer A lesion of the skin or mucous membrane which frequently develops in the duodenum or stomach.
Vermiform Appendix A worm-like projection that hangs from the cecum.
Jaundice Yellowing of the skin.
Splenorrhexis Rupture of the spleen.
Lithotripsy Procedure that destroys stones with shockwaves to pulverize them.
Enterostomy Surgical opening- small intestine to outside through abdomen.
Malabsorption Condition in which nutrients are digested but are not taken in by intestinal tissues.
Mesenteries Double-layered folds of peritoneum that support portions of the small intestine.
Volvulus Life threatening obstruction in which the bowel twists on itself.
Sialolith Stone within the salivary gland.
Rugae Folds within the stomach that permit distention and secrete hydrochloric acid.
Hemorroids Enlargement of the veins in the mucous membrane of the anal canal.
Created by: zeldafan