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Ch17 Endocrine Sys

Endocrine System review

is composed of the ductless glands and other structures that secrete hormones into the bloodstream endocrine system
is an organ that has specialized cells that secrete or excrete substances that are not related to the gland's ordinary metabolism a gland
have ducts that enable them to empty secreations onto and external or internal body surface exocrine gland
excess secretion is hypersecretion
hormones are either proteins or steroids
this gland is a small round structure about 1 cm in diamter that is attached by a stalk at the base of the brain pitutary gland (hypophysis)
lies above each of the two kidneys adrenal gland
above the kidneys supra/renal
shaped like a pine cone and is attached tot he posterior part of the brain pineal gland
an elongated structure that has digestive functions, as well as endocrine functions the pancreas
supplies numerous hormones that act directly on cells or stimulate other glands that govern many vital processes pitutiary
the posterior lobe of the pitutary is called neurohypophysis
the anterior lobe of the pituitary is the adenohypophysis
affects the volume of urine excreted antidiuretic hormone
cause a decrease in the amount of water lost in urination anti/diuretics
this hormone increases the rate of growth and maintains size once growth is attained somatotropin
a black or dark brown pigment that occurs naturally in the hair, skin, and parts of the eye melanin
stimulate the ovaries of the female and the testes of the male gonado/trop-ic hormone
normally functioning thyroid euthyroid
two glands of the female breasts that secrete milk mammary glands
inducing the secretion fo milk lacto/genic
is the secretion or ejecting of milk lactation
behind the mammary gland retro/mammary
petaining to the gonads gonadal
help maintain water balance in the body mineralo/corticoids
producing masculine characteritics or masculinization andro/genic
is secreted in response to food in the stomach gastrin hormone
located near the middle of the chest cavity behind the breastbone thymus
the hormone produced by the thymus is thymosin
the method of using the hands or fingers to examine an organ is palpuation
abnormally increased activity of the throid hyper/thyroid/ism
is useful in identifying tumors involving the pitutary or the hypothalamus magnetic resonance imaging
presence of sugar in the urine glycosuria
presence of ketones int he urine ketonuria
a diagnostic producre that uses x-rays to study the soft tissues of the breast mammo/graphy
any disease of a gland adenopathy
is a bnign tumor in which the cells are clearly derived from glndular tissue aden/oma
any of a large group of malignant tumors of the glands adeno/carcinoma
a disorder associated with a dificiency of adh or inability of the kidneys to respond to adh diabetes insipidus
excessive urination polyuria
excessive thirst polydipsia
is decreased activity of the pituitary gland hypo/pituitar/ism
increased pituitary activity hyperpituitarism
a typical feature of the disease, enlargement of the extremities acromeglay
any disease of the thyroid gland thyropathy
inflammation of the thyroid gland thyroid/itis
is a condition caused by excessive secretion of two hormones of the thyroid gland hyper/thyroid/ism
eyes protrudes outward ex/ophthalmos
a life-threatening event that is usually triggerd by a major stressor, such as trauma or infection thyrotoxicosis
decreased activity of the thyroid gland hypothyroidism
below normal functioniong of the parathyroids hypo/parathyroid/ism
abnormally increased activity of the parathyroids hyper/parathyroid/ism
less than normal level of calcium in the blood hypoclacemia
greater than normal blodd calcium level hyper/calc/emia
decreased funcitonal activity of the gonands hypo/gonad/ism
is enlargement of one of both adrenal glands adreno/megaly
increased secretory activiy of the adrenals hyper/adrenal/ism
excessive growth of the male mammary glands gynecomastia
decreased adrenal activity hypo/adrenal/ism
pertains to the adrenal cortex adreno/cortical
inflammation of the pancreas pancreatitis
is a deficient secretion of insulin by the pancreas hypo/insulin/ism
excessive hunger and uncontrolled eating polyphagia
carbohydrate intolerance, usually caused by a deficiency of insulin gestational diabetes mellitus
excessive insulin in the blood hyper/insulin/ism
breast pain mamm/algia
is a disorder characterized by single or multiple bengin cysts of the breast fibro/cystic breast disease
means breast cancer masto/carcinoma
inflammtory condition of the breast mastitis
excision of the thyroid thyrodiectomy
excision of an adrenal gland adrenalectomy
surgical removal of a breast mastectomy
surgical fixation of a breast mastpexy
plastic surgery of the breast mammoplasty
excision of a lump in the breast lumpectomy
antidiuretic hormone kidneys
follicle-stimulating hormone gonads
luteinizing hormone gonads
oxytocin breasts
thyrotropin thyroid gland
adernalin epinephrine
decreased thyroid activity hypothyroidism
excessive growth of hair hirsutism
glands that produce ova or sperm gonad
lactogenic hormone prolactin
master gland pituitary
Created by: LSerreia