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Mesopotamia - Wilts

Ancient Mesopotamia

Mesopotamia the region between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers
floodplain the flat land bordering a river
silt the fine soil deposited by flood waters
semiarid having little rainfall and warm temperatures
drought little rainfall
Sargon took control of northern and southern Mesopotamia
Akkadian first empire in world history
Babylonian Empire started when the Amorites attacked and controlled city-states in Sumer
Assyrians fierce fighters who fought on horseback and with chariots
Persians defeated the Chaldeans and Medes and ruled with tolerance
Medes and Chaldeans defeated the Assyrians
Nebuchadnezzar lead the Chaldeans
Nebuchadnezzar built the Hanging Gardens, Ishtar Gate, and Tower of Babel
stylus sharpened reed used to press markings into clay
scribe a person who specializes in writing and serves as a record keeper
polytheism belief in many gods and goddesses
cuneiform wedged-shaped writing invented by the Sumerians
Sumerian inventions wheel, plow, cuneiform, potter's wheel
empire collection of many peoples and lands under control of one ruler
emperor ruler of an empire
Hammurabi ruler of Babylonian Empire
surplus more than what is needed to survive
civilization advanced form of culture
Sumer civilization in southern Mesopotamia
city-state political unit that includes a city and nearby farmland
ziggurat temple that was the most important structure in the city and also used as a city hall
Order of the Mesopotamian empires Akkadian, Babylonian(Amorites), Assyrian, Chaldeans (New Babylonians) Persians
What was the Royal Road? Road used for government purposes – royal messages were sent on it
Created by: wiltsb