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1B - Legal/Ethical

Winger List 1B - Legal and Ethical terms

ethics principles, rules, or standards governing the behavior of members of a profession, based on ideas of what is morally right and wrong
scope of practice those skills which you are trained to perform
misconduct deliberate improper behavior not conforming to prevailing standards or laws
liable may be held responsible for actions, legal guilt may result in fines or imprisonment
abuse treatment or neglect that results in physical harm, pain, or mental anguish
malpractice bad practice, a professional’s failure to perform to the expected level of skill, resulting in injury, damage, or loss
negligence failure to give normally expected care, resulting in unintended injury
assault verbal threat or attempt to injure another person
battery unlawful touching of another person which causes harm
false imprisonment holding someone against their will, illegally depriving them of freedom to move by physical or chemical restraint and no reasonable means of escape
privileged communication all personal information gathered about a patient must remain confidential
confidential information must remain private and only be shared with the patient and their healthcare team
informed consent agreeing to treatment only after the procedure and its risks have been explained
legal disability unable to make legal decisions due to age (under 18) or mental capacity
invasion of privacy unnecessarily exposing a person’s body or their private information
reportable incident or condition some medical information is required by law to be reported (birth, death, communicable disease, abuse suspicion, gunshot, knife wounds, etc.)
slander saying something about another person that damages their reputation
libel writing something about someone that damages their reputation
patient’s rights the care all patients can expect to receive
ombudsman an official advocate appointed to investigate and address complaints to improve care or conditions reported by individuals in medical facilities
advance directive document expressing a person’s wishes about critical care when he or she is unable to decide for him or herself, but does not authorize anyone to act on that person’s behalf or make decisions for them as a living will does
living will document stating what measures should or shouldn’t be taken to prolong life, appoints a representative for making decisions if a person becomes too ill to decide, is in a coma, or is certain to die
AMA against medical advice (A physician’s order is usually required before a patient can be discharged from a facility)
DNR do not resuscitate a request not to have cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) if your heart stops or if you stop breathing)
POA Power of Attorney (permits an individual to make decisions for you if you are unable)
PSDA Patient Self Determination Act (requires federally funded healthcare agencies to inform patients of the right to make decisions regarding their care, to offer assistance in preparing advance directives, and to not discriminate based on advance directives)
HIPAA Health Insurance Portability & Accountability Act (includes strict standards for maintaining confidentiality of health care records)
Created by: dWinger