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AL 101-chapters 1-2

Terminology

QuestionAnswer
aden/o gland
epitheli/o epithelium
hist/o tissue
lip/o fat
cyt/o cell
fibr/o fiber
kary/o nucleus
my/o muscle
neur/o nerve
sarc/o flesh, connective tissue
viscer/o internal organs
eti/o cause (of disease)
organ/o organ
system/o system
cancer/o, carcin/o cancer
gno/o knowledge
iatr/o physician, medicine (also means treatment)
onc/o tumor, mass
rhabd/o rod-shaped, striated
chlor/o green
lei/o smooth
path/o disease
somat/o body
chrom/o color
cyan/o blue
erythr/o red
leuk/o white
melan/o black
xanth/o yellow
dia- through, complete
dys- painful, abnormal, difficult, labored
hyper- above, excessive
hypo- below, incomplete, deficient
meta- after, beyond, change
neo- new
pro- before
-al, -ic, -ous pertaining to
-cyte cell
-gen substance or agent that produces or causes
-genesis origin, cause
-genic producing, originating, causing
-logist one who studies and treats (specialist, physician)
-logy study of
-oid resembling
-oma tumor, swelling
-osis abnormal condition
-pathy disease
-plasia condition of formation, development, growth
-plasm growth, substance, formation
-sarcoma malignant tumor
-sis state of
-stasis control, stop, standing
arthr joint
What is the term for "inflammation of a joint"? arthritis
What is the term for "disease of a joint"? arthropathy
What is the term for "pertaining to the liver"? hepatic
What is the term for "pertaining to under the liver"? subhepatic
What is the term for "pertaining to within the vein"? intravenous
What is the term for "inflammation of the bone"? osteitis
What is the term for "inflammation of the liver"? hepatitis
What is the term for "disease of the bone and joint"? osteoarthropathy
What is the term for "enlargement of the liver"? hepatomegaly
The structure of the human body falls into what four categories? cells, organs, tissues, systems
adenocarcinoma cancerous tumor of glandular tissue
adenoma tumor composed of glandular tissue (benign)
carcinoma (Ca) cancerous tumor (malignant)
chloroma tumor of green color (malignant, arising from myeloid tissue)
epithelioma tumor composed of epithelium (may be benign of malignant)
fibroma tumor composed of fiber (fibrous tissue) (benign)
fibrosarcoma malignant tumor composed of fiber (fibrous tissue)
leiomyoma tumor composed of smooth muscle (benign)
leiomyosarcoma malignant tumor of smooth muscle
lipoma tumor composed of fat (benign tumor)
liposarcoma malignant tumor of fat
melanocarcinoma cancerous black tumor (malignant)
melanoma black tumor (primarily of the skin)
myoma tumor composed of muscle (benign)
neoplasm new growth (of abnormal tissue or tumor)
neuroma tumor composed of nerve (benign)
rhabdomyoma tumor composed of striated muscle (benign)
rhabdomyosarcoma malignant tumor of striated muscle
sarcoma tumor of connective tissue (such as bone or cartilage) (highly malignant)
What is the basic unit of all living things? cell
What is a type of connective tissue? bone
What are regions within the chromosome? genes
What covers the external body surface, and lines body cavities and organs? epithelial tissue
What is the gel-like fluid inside a cell? cytoplasm
What contains chromosomes? nucleus
What coordinates body activities? nerve tissue
What usually produces movement? muscle tissue
What contains genes? chromosomes
What is a chemical that regulates the activities of a cell? DNA
What is the term for "producing cells"? cytogenic
What is the term for "resembling a cell"? cytoid
What is the term for "study of cells"? cytology
What is the term for "abnormal development"? dysplasia
What is the term for "red (blood) cell (RBC)"? erythrocyte
What is the term for "increase in the number of red (blood) cells"? erythrocytosis
What is the term for "study of tissue"? histology
What is the term for "excessive development (number of cells)"? hyperplasia
What is the term for "incomplete development (of an organ or tissues)"? hypoplasia
What is the term for "cell with a nucleus"? karyocyte
What is the term for "substance of a nucleus"? karyoplasm
What is the term for "white (blood) cell (WBC)"? leukocyte
What is the term for "increase in the number of white (blood) cells"? leukocytosis
What is the term for "resembling fat"? lipoid
What is the term for "disease of the muscle"? myopathy
What is the term for "resembling a nerve"? neuroid
What is the term for "pertaining to the body"? somatic
What is the term for "originating in the body (organic as opposed to psychologic)"? somatogenic
What is the term for "disease of the body"? somatopathy
What is the term for "body substance"? somatoplasm
What is the term for "pertaining to a (body) system (or the body as a whole)"? systemic
What is the term for "pertaining to the internal organs"? visceral
Define "cancerous." pertaining to cancer
Define "carcinogen." substance that causes cancer
Define "carcinogenic." producing cancer
Define "cyanosis." abnormal condition of blue (bluish discoloration of the skin caused by inadequate supply of oxygen in the blood)
Define "diagnosis (Dx)." state of complete knowledge (identifying a disease)
Define "etiology." study of causes (of disease)
Define "iatrogenic." produced by a physician (the unexpected results from a treatment prescribed by a physician)
Define "iatrology." study of medicine
Define "metastasis (mets) - plural is metastases." beyond control (transfer of disease from one organ to another, as in the transfer of malignant tumors)
Define "neopathy." new disease
Define "oncogenic." causing tumors
Define "oncologist." a physician who studies and treats tumors
Define "oncology." study of tumors (a branch of medicine concerned with the study of malignant tumors)
Define "pathogenic." producing disease
Define "pathologist." a physician who studies diseases (examines biopsies and performs autopsies to determine the cause of disease or death)
Define "pathology." study of disease (a branch of medicine dealing with the study of the causes of disease and death)
Define "prognosis (Px)." state of before knowledge (prediction of the outcome of a disease)
Define "xanthochromic." pertaining to yellow color
Define "xanthosis." abnormal condition of yellow (discoloration)
benign not malignant, nonrecurrent, favorable for recovery
carcinoma in situ cancer in the early stage before invading surrounding tissue
chemotherapy (chemo) treatment of cancer with drugs
encapsulated enclosed in a capsule, as with benign tumors
exacerbation increase in the severity of a disease or its symptoms
idiopathic pertaining to disease of unknown origin
inflammation response to injury or destruction of tissue characterized by redness, swelling, heat, and pain
in vitro within a glass, observable within a test tube
in vivo within the living body
malignant tending to become progressively worse and to cause death, as in cancer
radiation therapy (XRT) treatment of cancer with a radioactive substance, x-ray, or radiation (also called radiation oncology and radiotherapy)
remission improvement or absence of signs of disease
Created by: Ann Callies Ann Callies on 2009-10-15



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