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MT Ch. 5

Essentials of Medical Terminology - Ch. 5

anatomical position standing erect, arms at side, with head, palms, and feet facing forward
major cavities dorsal & ventral
dorsal back
ventral front
subdivision of dorsal cavity cranial (brain) & spinal (spine) cavities
subdivision of ventral cavity thoracic, abdominal, pelvic cavities
diaphragm major respiratory muscle (sep thoracic cavity from abdominal cavity)
abdominal cavity digestive organs
pelvic cavity reproductive & urinary organs (exclude kidneys & ureters)
abdoinopelvic cavity abdominal & pelvic cavities as one
superior/cranial above; toward the head
inferior/caudal below; toward the lower end of the body or tail
anterior/ventral front surface of the body; belly side of the body
posterior/dorsal back surface of the body
medial toward midline (drawn down the center of the body from top of head to the feet)
lateral away from the midline
proximal nearest point of attachment to the trunk (used primarily describe directions on the arms & legs)
proximal (2) toward the point of origin (used primarily to describe directions pertaining digestive tract, w/ mouth as point of origin)
distal farthest from point of attachment to the trunk; farthest from the point of orign
superficial near the surface of the body
deep away from the surface of the body
supine (up) lying on the back, face up, palms are facing toward the back
prone lying on the abdomen, face down, palms are facing toward the back
plantar sole of the foot
dorsum upper portion of the foot
peripheral away from the center
anter/o front
caud/o tail
dors/o back
infer/o inferior
inguin/o groin
phren/o diaphragm
poster/o posterior
proxim/o near
super/o superior
ventr/o front
epigastric pertaining to upon the stomach
hypogastric pertaining to below the stomach
ili/o hip
iliac pertaining to the hip
-al pertaining to
-ic pertaining to
epi upon; above
-al pertaining to
caudal pertaining to the tail; toward the tail
crani/o skull
cranial pertaining to the skull
inguinal pertaining to the groin
pelvic pertaining to the pelvis
phrenic pertaining to the diaphragm
thorac/o chest; thorax
thoracic pertaining to the chest
-ior pertaining to
LLQ left lower quadrant
LUQ left upper quadrant
RLQ right lower quadrant
RUQ right upper quadrant
Created by: ltravis