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Medi Term Mid term

Mod 1-9 (mixed) All terms & definitions_11

circumcision surgical removal of foreskin (prepuce) surrounding the end of the penis
Cowper gland bulbourethral gland
cryogenic surgery use of extremely cold temperatures to freeze or destroy tissue
cryptorchism one or both testes fail to descend from the abdomen in the scrotal sac near the time of birth
ejaculation ejection of sperm & fluid from the male urethra as a result of sexual stimulation
ejaculatory duct tube through which semen enters the male urethra
embryonal carcinoma malignant tumor of the testes
epididymis one of a pair of long, tightly coiled tubes lying on top of each testis; carries sperm cells to the vas deferens
epididymitis inflammation of an epididymis
erectile dysfunction inability of an adult male to achieve an erection; impotence
eunuch male who is castrated before reaching puberty
flagellum hair-like projection on a sperm cell that makes it motile
fraternal twins 2 infants born from a pregnancy resulting from fertilization of 2 separate ova
glans penis sensitive tip, surrounded by foreskin, of the penis
gonorrhea STI involving inflammation of genital tract mucous membranes & caused by gonococci (berry-shaped bacteria)
herpes genitalis STI of the skin & mucosa of the genitals caused by the herpes simplex virus & marked by blisters
hydrocele hernia (sac of clear, watery fluid) within scrotum
hypospadias congenital anomaly in which the opening of the urethra is on the underside of the penis
identical twins 2 infants resulting from division of 1 fertilized egg into 2 separate embryos
impotence inability of an adult male to achieve an erection; erectile dysfunction
interstitial cells in testes, these cells lie between the seminiferous tubules & produce testosterone
ligation tying off a tube or blood vessel; threads or wire is used
oilgospermia scanty sperm count
orchiectomy removal or excision of a testis
orchiopexy surgical fixation of an undescended testis in the scrotum
orchitis inflammation of a testis
parenchyma functional, essential tissue of an organ; seminiferous tubules are parenchyma of testis
perineum in a male, external area between the anus & scrotum
phimosis narrowing of the opening of the prepuce over the gland penis
prepuce fold of skin covering the glans penis, foreskin
prostate gland exocrine gland at the base of the urinary bladder in men; it secrete fluid into the urethra during ejaculation
prostatectomy removal or excision of prostate gland
prostatic increased growth of prostate gland in numbers of cells; this is a hyperplasia benign condition (benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH)
prostatitis inflammation of prostate gland
purulent pus-filled; forming or containing pus
scrotum sac that contains testes & associated organs
semen fluid discharged at ejaculation; consisting of sperm cells & secretions from the prostate gland, seminal vesicles & bulbourethral glands
seminal vesicle one of a pair of sac-like male exocrine gland lying behind the urinary (remove vesicle) bladder & opening into the vas deferens; secretes fluid that is the major part of semen
seminiferous tubules narrow, coiled tubules that produce spermatozoa in the testes
seminoma malignant tumor within a testis
spermatogenesis formation of sperm cells
spermatozoa sperm cells
spermatozoon single sperm cell
spermolytic pertaining to destruction of sperm cells
sterilization procedure that removes an individual's ability to produce or release reproductive cells
stroma supportive, connective tissue of an organ
syphilis STI caused by bacteria (spirochetes); an ulcer (chancre) on genitalia is a characteristic lesion
teratoma malignant tumor of a testis or ovary; composed of embryonic cells that develop into different types of tissue
testicular pertaining to a testis or testicle
testicular torsion twisting of spermatic cord & blood vessels of testes
testis male gonad that produces spermatozoa & hormone, testosterone
testosterone male hormone secreted by the interstitial cells of testes
varicocele enlarged, dilated veins near a testicle
vas deferens narrow tube (one on each side) that carries sperm from the epididymis into the body, around the urinary bladder toward the urethra
vasectomy removing a piece of each vas deferens & tying off each end
vasovasostomy new opening (anastomosis) of the ends of a severed vas deferens; surgical procedure that reverses a vasectomy
mucopurulent emission or secretion of fluid containing mucus and pus
spirochete spiral-shaped bacterium causing syphilis
prostatic specific antigen PSA - protein produced by the prostate & elevated in patients with cancer
PSA assay an elevation in PSA could indicate conditions such as prostatitis, prostatic cancer or BPH
BPH enlarged prostate, a decrease in the urinary stream, urgency, blood in the urine, incomplete emptying of the bladder, and infection as a result of urinary retention.
prostatron Also called TUMT or Transurethral Microwave Thermotherapy. A catheter is placed within the bladder and positioned within the prostate, then the antenna emits microwaves. This procedure increases the passageway allowing for easier urination.
prostatic acid phosphatase PAP - is an enzyme produced by the prostate. It may be found in increased amounts in men who have prostate cancer; highest levels of acid phosphatase are found in metastasized prostate cancer
TNM staging system based on the extent of the tumor (T), the extent of spread to the lymph nodes (N), and the presence of metastasis (M). A number is added to each letter to indicate the size or extent of the tumor and the extent of spread.
Gleason Score A Gleason score is given to prostate cancer based upon its microscopic appearance.[1] Cancers with a higher Gleason score are more aggressive and have a worse prognosis.
retropubic approach to prostatectomy 6" incision below umbilicus allows prostate gland removal, along with pelvic lymph node dissection
perineal approach to prostatectomy prostate removed through incision between anus or scrotum; minimizes visible scarring but may need separate incision for lymph node removal
laparoscopic approach to prostatectomy several tiny 1" incisions with a larger one for actual removal of prostate from body; long-term benefits still being evaluated
adjuvant hormone therapy inhibit the action or block the production of testosterone and other male hormones