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Medi Term Mid term

Mod 1-9 (mixed) All terms & definitions_7

gastrointestinal endoscopy visual examination of the stomach & intestines using endoscope
gastrojejunostomy new surgical connection between stomach & jejunum
gastrostomy creation of new opening of stomach to outside of body through incision in abdominal wall
gingivectomy removal of gum tissue
glossopharyngeal pertaining to tongue & throat
glycolosis breakdown of sugar to release energy in body cells
hematemesis vomiting blood
hemolysis breakdown or destruction of blood, specifically red blood cells
hemoptysis spitting or coughing up blood as a result of bleeding from any part of the respiratory tract.
hemorrhage bursting forth or excessive flow of blood
hemostasis stopping or controlling flow of blood
hepatomegaly enlargement of liver
herniorrhaphy suture a hernia
ileostomy new opening of ileum to outside of body
labioglossopharyngeal pertaining to the lips, tongue & throat
laparoscopy visual examination of abdomen; minimally invasive surgey (MIS) of abdomen
lipase enzyme to digest fat
liver biopsy removal of tissue from liver followed by microscopic examination
liver function tests tests for presence of enzymes & bilirubin or serum; i.e. ALT (SGPT) & AST (SGOT), alkaline phosphatase, & serum bilirubin tests
liver scan detection of radioactivity in liver (with imaging) after injecting radioactive material intravenously.
lower gastrointestinal series x-ray images of colon & lower portion of small intestine after injecting barium (radiopaque contrast material) into the rectum; barium enema
lymphangiectasia widening or dilation of lymph vessels
magnetic resonance imaging magnetic waves & radio waves produce images of organs or tissues in all three planes of the body.
menorrhagia excessive flow of blood during menstruation
nasogastric intubation insertion of tube through nose into stomach; removal of postoperative secretions or to obtain gastric or intestinal contents for analysis
odynophagia painful swallowing
oropharynx central portion of throat, just beyond teeth
palatoplasty surgical repair of palate
pancreatic pertaining to the pancreas
paracentesis surgical puncture to remove fluid from abdomen or peritoneal cavity
periodontal membrane membrane that surrounds the tooth in the tooth socket.
polyphagia excessive eating
proctosigmoidoscopy visual examination of the anus, rectum & sigmoid colon
proptosis forward protrusion of the eyeballs
pyloric stenosis narrowing of pyloric sphincter
plylorospasm sudden involuntary contraction of muscles at pyloric sphincter
rectocele hernia of rectum
rhinoplasty surgical repair of nose
sialadenectomy removal of a salivary gland
splenic flexure downward bend of colon on left side of body, toward the descending colon
steatorrhea discharge of fat in feces; malabsorption of fat results from intestinal disease
stool culture test for microorganisms, such as bacteria, in feces
stool guaiac test for detection of occult (hidden) blood in feces
sublingual pertaining to under the tongue
abscess collection of pus
acetone ketone body produced in abnormal amounts in uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, when there is excessive fat breakdown in cells
albuminuria protein in the urine
antidiuretic hormone pituitary gland hormone that normally stimulate the kidney to decrease production of urine, preventing excess loss of water; also called vasopressin
anuria suppression of urine formation by the kidney
arteriole small artery
azotemia excess of nitrogenous waste products in the blood; uremia
bacteriuria bacteria in the urine
Bowman capsule enclosing structure surrounding each glomerulus in the outer section of the kidney
caliceal pertaining to a calyx
caliectasis dilation or widening of a calyx; occurs when urine is backed up in the kidney as hydronephrosis
calyx; calyces cup-shaped collecting region in the renal pelvis
catheter tube for injecting or removing fluids
cortex outer region of an organ
cortical pertaining to the cortex
creatinine nitrogen-containing waste product of the muscle metabolism; excreted by kidney in urine
creatinine clearance test measures the rate at which creatinine is cleared from the blood by the kidney
cystectomy excision of the urinary bladder
cystitis inflammation of the urinary bladder
cystoscopy visual examination of the urinary bladder (endoscopic)
cystostomy new opening of the urinary bladder to the outside of the body
diabetes insipidus abnormal condition of inadequate secretion of antidiuretic hormone (ADH) from the pituitary gland; patients experience polyuria & polydipsia
diabetes mellitus abnormal condition of no insulin or inadequate insulin secretion from the pancreas; leads to hyperglycemia and glycosuria
diuresis increased excretion of urine by the kidneys; a diuretic is an agent that increases diuresis, such as tea, coffee or water
dysuria painful urination
edema abnormal accumulation of fluid in tissue spaces
electrolyte chemical element that carries an electrical charge when dissolved in water
enuresis bedwetting; means "in urine"
erythropoietin hormone secreted by the kidney to stimulate red blood cell production by bone marrow
essential hypertension high blood pressure due to no apparent cause
filtration process by which some substances, but not all, pass through a filter or other type of material
glomerular pertaining to a glomerulus
glomerulonephritis inflammation of glomeruli in the kidney
glomurulus; glomeruli tiny ball of capillaries in cortex of the kidney
glycosuria sugar in the urine
hematuria blood in the urine
hemodialysis removal of waste materials from the blood in patients whose kidneys have stopped functioning; blood leaves the body and circulates through a machine that removes wastes before sending the blood back into the body through a vein
hilum depression or hollow in the surface of an organ; area where the blood vessels & nerves enter
hydronephrosis abnormal condition of excess backup of fluid in the kidney
interstitial nephritis inflammation of tissue in the kidney that lies between the nephrons
ketonuria presence of ketones in the urine
ketosis accumulation of large quantities of ketone bodies in the blood; ketoacidosis
kidney one of two bean-shaped organs behind the abdominal cavity on either side of the backbone in the lumbar region
lithotripsy process of using high-energy sound waves to crush a stone within the kidney or ureter
meatal stenosis narrowing of the meatus leading from the urethra to the outside of the body
meatotomy incision of a meatus in order to enlarge it
meatus opening or passageway