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Medi Term Mid term

Mod 1-9 (mixed) All terms & definitions_2

acromegaly excessive enlargement of the limbs (extremities) due to thickening of bones & soft tissues; caused by hypersecretion of growth hormone from the pituitary gland.
acrophobia fear of heights
acute having severe symptoms and a short course of illness
adenoids small masses of lymphatic tissue in the throat, close to the nasal (nose) passageway
adipose pertaining to fat
agoraphobia fear of open spaces; an anxiety disorder
amniocentesis surgical puncture to remove fluid from the amnion sac surrounding the embryo-fetus
anemia blood condition of reduced oxygen delivery to tissue because of low hemoglobin concentration-deficiency of red blood cells
angiogenesis formation of blood vessels
angiography process of recording blood vessels using contrast & x-rays
angioplasty surgical repair of a blood vessel by inserting a catheter (tube) & balloon inside an artery to enlarge the opening.
arteriosclerosis hardening of an artery by thickening & loss of elasticity of the arterial walls
arthralgia joint pain
atrophy decrease in size of normally developed organ-tissue of the body; wasting away
axillary pertaining to under the arm-armpit
basophil a granular leukocyte with an irregularly shaped nucleus & cytoplasm containing blue granules
biopsy removal & microscopic examination of living tissue, often to determine whether a tumor is benign-malignant
blepharotosis sagging-drooping eyelid; ptosis
bronchitis inflammation of bronchial tubes
carcinogenic pertaining to producing cancer
carcinogenesis formation or production of cancer
cardiomyopathy disease of heart muscle
chemotherapy treatment using drugs
chondromalacia softening of cartilage
chronic pertaining to occurring over a long time
colostomy new opening of the colon to the outside of the body
cystocele hernia of the urinary bladder
electrocephalograph an instrument used to record the electricity in the brain
electroencephalogram record of the electricity in the brain
electroencephalography process of recording the electricity in the brain
eosinophil a granular white blood cell with sytoplasmic granules that stain with oesin (reddish dye); eosinophils are elevated in allergic reactions & parasitic infections
erythrocyte red blood cells
erythropenia deficiency of red blood cells
esophagus Tube leading from the throat to the stomach
hematoma mass or collection of blood; bruise
hemolysis destruction of red blood cells
hemostasis stop-control the escape of blood by artificial means or by clotting
hydronephrosis abnormal condition of fluid build-up in the kidney; caused by constrictions to the flow of urine
hydrotherapy treatment using water; whirlpool baths
hypertrophy increase in size of muscle-organ produced by enlargement of existing cells
inguinal pertaining to the groin
ischemia condition of holding back blood from an organ-tissue
laparoscope instrument used to visually examine the abdomen
laparoscopy process of visually examining the contents of the abdomen (using an endoscope)
laparotomy incision through the abdominal wall
laryngeal pertaining to the larynx-voice box
laryngectomy removal of the larynx-voice box
leukemia malignant of white blood cells, increased numbers of immature leukocytes & decreased erythrocytes & platelets
leukocytosis condition of slight increase in normal white blood cells or a response to infection or inflammation
lymphocyte white blood cell found in blood & lymphatic tissue; fights disease by making antibodies (B cell lymphocytes) or killing cells chemically-by ingestion (T cell lymphocytes)
mammogram x-ray record of the breast
mastectomy removal of a breast
metastasis spread of a malignant tumor from its original site or a new-distant location
monocyte white blood cell with on large nucleus of killing foreign substances by phagocytes (ingestion).
morphology study of the shape-form of cells
mucoid resembling mucus
mucous membrane epithelial membrane that secrete mucus & lines the tubular organs of the body
mucus sticky (viscous) substance that is secreted from a mucus membrane
myalgia muscle pain
myelogram x-ray record of the spinal cord
myeloma malignant tumor of bone marrow
myoma tumor of muscle
myosarcoma malignant tumor of muscle tissue; type of flesh tumor-sarcoma
necropsy viewing a dead body; autopsy
necrosis condition of death of cells
necrotic pertaining to death of cells
nephrologist a specialist in the study of the kidneys
nephropathy disease of the kidneys
nephroptosis prolapse (downward displacement) of the kidney
neuralgia nerve pain
neutropenia deficiency of neutrophils (polymorphonuclear leukocytes that fight disease)
neutrophil a type of white blood cell with dark cytoplasmic granules & multi-lobed nucleus; polymorphonuclear leukocyte that is the most numerous of white blood cells & important disease fighting cells.
ophthalmology study of the eye & eye disorders
osteogenic pertaining to produced in-by bone
osteomalacia softening of bones
otalgia ear pain
paracentesis surgical procedure to remove fluid from the abdomen; abdominocentesis
paracentesis development of disease
pathologic pertaining to the study of disease
pericardium membrane surrounding the heart
peritoneal pertaining to the peritoneum (membrane surrounding the abdomen)
peritoneoscopy process of visually examining the peritoneum-peritoneal cavity
phlebotomy incision of a vein for the removal of blood
platelet thrombocyte
pleurodynia pain associated with the pleura
pneumonia condition of the lungs; fluid & foreign organisms collect in the lungs
polymorphonuclear leukocyte white blood cell with multi-lobe nucleus & dark-staining granules; disease fighting cell-neutrophil
ptosis prolapse, drooping, sagging of the upper eyelid
pulmonary pertaining to the lungs
radiographer one who assists a radiologist in performing diagnostic x-ray procedures
radiotherapy treatment using radiation, high-energy x-rays-other radiation sources
rectocele hernia of the rectum
splenomegaly enlargement of the spleen
staphylococci berry-spherical shaped bacteria