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med term ch.7

fibrous joint the surfaces of the bones fit closely together and are held together by fibrous connective tissue
cartilaginous joint the bones are connected by cartilage- as in symphysis (joint between the public bones of the pelvis)
synovial joint the bones have a space between them called the joint cavity
synovial membrane secretes a thick lubricating fluid called synovial fluid
flexion is a bending motion
hinge joint allows movement in one direction- a back-and-forth type of motion
ball-and-socket joint allos movement in many directions around a central point
circumduction is the movement of an extremity around in a circular motion
arthritis inflammation of joints
dislocation is the displacment of a bone from its normal location within a joint, causing loss of function of the joint
bunion (hallux valgus) is an abnormal enlargement of the joint at the base of the great toe
ankylosing spondylitis is a type of arthritis that affects the vertebral column and casues defromities of the spine
gout is a form of acute arthritis that is characterized by inflammation of the first metatarsal joint of the great toe
ganglion is a cystic tumor developing on a tendon; sometimes occuring on the back of the wrist
herniated disk is the ruoture of the central portion, or nucleus, of the disk through the disk wall and into the spinal canal
lyme disease is an acute recurrent inflammatory infection transmitted through the bite of an infected deer tick
osteoarthritis is also known as degenerative joint disease; it is the most common form of arthritis and results from wear and tear on the joints
rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic, systemic, inflammatory disease that affects multiple joints of the body-mainly the small peripheral joints, such as in those of the hands and feet
sprains is an injury invloving the ligaments that surround and support a joint, caused by wrenching or twisting motion
systemic lupus erythematosus is a chronic inflammatory connective tissue disease affecting the skin, joints, nervous system, kidneys, lungs, and other organs
arthrocentesis is the surgcial puncture of a joint with a needle for the purpose of withdrawing fluid for analysis
arthogram is an x-ray of a joint after injection of a contrast medium
arthrography is the process of x-raying the inside of a joint, after a contrast medium (a subsatnce that makes the inside of the joint visible) has been injected into the joint
arthroplasty is the surgical reconstruction (repair) of a joint
arthroscopy is the visualization of the interior of a joint using an endscope
rheumatoid factor test is a blood test that measures the presence of unusual antibodies that devlop in a number of connective tissue diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis
erythrocyte sed rate sedimentaion (sed) rate (ESR) is a blood test that measures the rate at which erythrocytes (red blood cells) settle to the bottom of a test tube with unclotted blood
DIP distal interphalangeal (joint)
ESR erythrocyte sedimentation rate
HNP herniated nucleus pulposus
LLE left lower extremity
LUE left upper extremity
MCP metacarpophalangeal (joint)
MTP metatarsophalangeal (joint)
OA osteoarthritis
PIP proximal interphalangeal (joint)
RA rheumatoid arthritis
RF rheumatoid factor
RLE right lower extremity
RUE right upper extremity
SLE systemic lupus erythematosus
Created by: Courtneey