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ch.7 Med. Term


abduction movement of a bone away from the midline of the body
adduction movement of a bone toward the midline of the body
arthralgia joint pain
articular catilage thin layer of cartilage protecting and coverting the connecting surfaces of the bones
articulation joint the point at which two bones come together
ball-and-socket joint a joint that allows movements in many directions around a central point
bunion abnormal enlargement of the joint at the base of the great toe
bunionectomy surgical removal of a bunion; removing the bony overgrowth and the bursa
bursa a small sac that contains synovial fluid for lubricating the area around the joint where friction is most likely the occur
closed manipulation the manual forcing of a joint back into its original position without making an incision; also called closed reduction
closed reduction original position without making an incision
crepitation clicking or cracking sounds heard upon joint movement
dorsiflexion dorsiflexion of the foot is bending the foot backward, or upward, at the ankle
extension a straighting motion that increases the angle between two bones
viscous sticky; gelatinous
synovial membrane the lining of a synovial joint cavity
synovial fluid a thick lubricating fluid located in synovial joints
suture an immovable joint
supination the act of turning the palm up or forward
subluxation an incomplete dislocation
sciatica inflammation of the sciatic nerve, marked by pain and tenderness along the path of the nerve through the thigh and leg
rotation the turning of a bone on its own axis
pronation the act of turning the palm down or backward
plantar flexion plantar flexion of the foot is bending the foot downward, at the ankle, as in ballet dancing
photosensitivity increased reaction of the skin to exposure to sunlight
needle aspiration the insertion of a needle into a cavity for the purpose if withdrawing fluid
malaise a vague feeling of weakness
liagments connective tissue bands that join bone to bone, offering support to the joint
kyphosis humpback
joint cavity the space between two connecting bones
hinge joint a joint that allows movement in one direction;a back-and-forth motion
ganglionectomy surgical removal of a ganglion
flexion a bending motion that decreases the angle between two bones
ankyl/o stiff
arthr/o joint
articul/o joint
burs/o bursa
-centesis surgical puncture
-desis binding or surgical fusion
-gram record or picture
-graphy process of recording
-itis inflammation
ligament/o ligament
oste/o bone
-plasty surgical repair
-scopy process of viewing with an endoscope
ten/o, tendin/o, tend/o tendon
Created by: Courtneey