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68WM6 A&P6 Fluids

68WM6 A&P6 - Fluids and Electrolytes

QuestionAnswer
This is the most abundant body compound. Water
Water is 80% in the body of a... Newborn Infant
Water is 63% in the body of an adult... Male
Water is 52% in the body of an adult... Female
The largest fluid compartment of the body, located inside cells, serves as a solvent to facilitate intracellular chemical reactions. Intracellular fluid
This is called the internal environment of the body; surrounds cells and transports substances to and from them. Extracellular Fluid
This is aka as intravascular fluid; has noncellular portion of blood. Plasma
This fluid is located in the tissue spaces between the cells with a lower relative osmotic pressure than plasma. Interstitial Fluid
This fluid is separated from other extracellular fluid by a layer of epithelium. Transcellular Fluid
This refers to the osmotic pressure of any solution relative to the osmotic pressure of plasma; has 3 types. Tonicity
This type of solution have the same effective osmotic pressure as that of plasma. Isotonic
This type of solution have an osmotic pressure that is lower than that of plasma and will cause cells to swell and eventually burst. Hypotonic
This is another word for 'cells excessively swelling and bursting'. Hemolyze
This type of solution have a higher osmotic pressure than that of plasma and will cause cells to shrink. Hypertonic
This is another word for 'cells shrinking'. Crenate
This is the pressure exerted by fluids; constantly forces fluid from plasma through the capillary membrane into the interstitial fluid. Hydrostatic Pressure
This is a solution's potential pressure caused by nondiffusible solute particles in the solution; pressure needed to stop osmosis. Osmotic Pressure
This is when the extracellular fluid becomes hypertonic and the result can be that fluid shifts from the cell toward the extracellular fluid. Dehydration
This is when the extracellular fluid becomes hypertonic and fluid will shift to the inside of the cell; also called water intoxication. Hyperhydration
This type of metabolism produces some water. Oxidative
This is when water is lost in urine, feces, and sweat, and by evaporation from the skin and lungs. Water output
This is when water output exceeds water intake. Dehydration
This is an increase in the volume of free water in the body resulting in dilutional hyponatremia. Water Intoxication
This is the abnormal accumulation of extracellular fluid within the interstitial spaces; swelling. Edema
This is the most abundant extracellular cation. Sodium
Sodium balance is regulated by this hormone. Aldosterone
Aldosterone is secreted by this. Adrenal Cortex
This is the most abundant intracellular cation. Potassium
Potassium balance is indirectly controlled by this hormone. Aldosterone
This is the most abundant ion in the body. Calcium
This electrolyte is primarily an intracellular cation that is also found in bone. Magnesium
This intracellular electrolyte found most abundantly in the bones with the rest combined with lipids, proteins, carbs, etc. Phosphate
The major extracellular anion that can easily diffuse between the extracellular and intracellular compartments. Chloride
This is predominantly and extracellular anion that is important in the acid/base regulation of the body. Bicarbonate
Cation (Na+) Sodium
Cation (K+) Potassium
Cation (Ca++) Calcium
Cation (Mg++) Magnesium
Anion (Cl--) Chloride
Anion (HCO3-) Bicarbonate
Anion (HPO4-2) Phosphate
This is when your body has lower sodium level than normal blood. Hypoatremia
This is when your body has higher sodium level than normal blood. Hyperatremia
This is when your body has lower than normal levels of potassium. Hypokalemia
This is when your body has higher than normal levels of potassium. Hyperkalemia
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This regulates water intake. Thirst
This ion is regulated by calcion and parathyroid hormone. Calcium
Created by: ryguy5254 on 2009-10-05



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