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68WM6 A&P5

68WM6 A&P5 - Nervous/Endocrine System

These are the hormones secreted by the three cell layers of the adrenal cortex. Corticoids
A condition caused by hyposecretion of the thyroid gland. Cretinism
A condition caused by the hypersecretion of glucocortoids from the adrenal cortex. Cushing's syndrome
A condition resulting from hypo-secretion of ADH where large volumes of urine is formed. Diabetes insipidus
This results when the pancreatic islet cells does not secrete enough insulin; hyperglycemia Diabetes mellitus
This term means secreting into the blood or tissue rather than into a duct; a ductless system. Endocrine
This is the abnormal protrusion of the eyes. Exophthalmos
A condition produced by the hypersecretion of GH during the early years of life. Gigantism
These are hormones that influence carbohydrate, fat, and protein metabolism and is secreted by the adrenal cortex. Glucocorticoids
The sensory neurons. Afferent Neurons
The delicate, weblike middle layer of meninges. 2nd Layer of Meninges. Arachnoid Mater
The nerve tracts in the spinal cord that carry information to the brain. Ascending Tracts
The portion of nervous system that regulates the activities of the internal organs (viscera). Autonomic Nervous System (visceral nervous system)
The nerve fiber; conducts an nerve impulse away from the neuron cell body. Axon
The brain and spinal cord. Central Nervous System
The fluid in the ventricles of the brain, subarachnoid space of the meninges, and the central canal of the spinal cord. Cerebrospinal Fluid
The process of a neuron that receives input from other neurons. Dendrite
The nerve tracts in the spinal cord that carry information from the brain to the muscles and glands. Descending Tracts
The tough outer layer of meninges. Dura Mater
The motor neurons. Efferent Neurons
A mass of neuron cell bodies, usually outside the CNS. Ganglia
The ridges or convolutions on the surface of the Cerebrum separated by shallow grooves called a sulcus or deep groove called a fissure. Gyri
The membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord. Has 3 Layers. Meninges
These are the efferent neurons carry impulse out of brain or spinal cord to muscles or glands. Motor Neuron
The fatty material that forms a sheath like covering around some axons. Myelin
The nerve cell. Neuron
The chemical that an axon end secretes on an effector (muscle or gland) or another neuron. Neurotransmitter
This is the sensation of changes in the internal and external environment, and the responses to those changes, the nervous system coordinates all other body systems to maintain homeostasis. Nervous System Homeostasis
The narrow gaps in the Schwann cells (myelin sheath) that allow the impulse is conducted from node to node (Saltatory conduction) and thus is sped up. Nodes of Ranvier
The portion of the autonomic nervous system that arises from the brain and sacral region of the spinal cord; most active under normal, restful conditions and counterbalances sympathetic nervous system. Parasympathetic Nervous System
The portion of the nervous system outside the central nervous system. Peripheral Nervous System
The inner layer of meninges that encloses the brain and spinal cord. Pia Mater
The cell surface structures that detect changes in the environment and transmit a signal to the inside of the neuron. Receptors
The difference in electrical charge between the inside and outside of an undisturbed nerve cell membrane. Resting Potential
The neuron that transmits an impulse from a receptor to the central nervous system. Sensory Neuron
The portion of the central nervous system extending from the brain stem through the vertebral cord. Spinal Cord
The space within the meninges between the arachnoid mater and the pia mater. Subarachnoid Space
The shallow groove on the surface of the brain. Sulcus
The portion of the autonomic nervous system that arises from the thoracic and lumbar regions of the spinal cord; prepares the body for energyexpending, stressful, or emergency situations. Sympathetic Nervous System
The connection between the axon of a neuron and the dendrite of another neuron. Synapse
The formulation of glucose or glycogen from protein or fat compounds. Gluconeogenesis
The enlargement of the thyroid gland. Goiter
The excessive hair growth, especially in women. Hirsutism
The substance secreted by an endocrine gland and transported in the blood. Hormone
The hormone that influences mineral salt metabolism (electrolyte concentrations); secreted by adrenal cortex; aldosterone is the chief mineralocorticoid. Mineralocorticoid
The condition caused by deficiency of thyroid hormone in adults. Myxedema
The set of glands located on the surface of the thyroid gland. Parathyroid Glands
Affects local organs. Prostaglandins
The organ or cell acted on by a particular hormone and responding to it. Target Cells
The masculinization of a female. Virilism
Neurons that are found only in the central nervous system where they connect neuron to neuron. Interneurons
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