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Musculoskeletal ter

CF Prefix Suffix

acetabul/o acetabulum (hip socket)
acro/o extremities
acromi/o acromion
ankyl/o crooked, bent, stiff
arthr/o Or articul/o Joint
blast/o developing cell
burs/o bursa (sac of fluid near joints)
calcane/o calcaneus (heel bone)
calc/o Calcium
carp/o carpus (wrist bone)
chondr/o cartilage
clavicul/o clavicle (collar bone)
coccyg/o coccyx (tale bone)
cost/o ribs
crani/o skull
femor/o femur (thigh bone)
fibr/o fibers, fibrous tissue
fibros/o fibrous tissue
fibul/o fibula
humer/o humorus (upper arm bone)
ili/o ilium
ischi/o ischium (part of hip bone)
kinesi/o movement, motion
kyph/o humpback
lamin/o lamina (part of vertebral arch)
lapar/o abdominal wall
leiomy/o smooth (visceral) muscle
ligament/o ligament
lord/o swayback, curve
lumb/o lower back, loins
malleol/o malleolus
mandibul/o lower jaw bone
maxill/o upper jaw bone
menisc/o meniscus (crescent)
metacarp/o metacarpals (hand bones)
my/o muscle
myel/o spinal cord, bone marrow
myelon/o bone marrow
myocardi/o heart muscle
myos/o muscle
olecran/o elbow
om/a shoulder
orth/o straight
oste/o bone
patell/o patella
pelv/o pelvic bone, hip
perone/o fibula
petr/o stone
phalang/o phalanges (finger and toe bones)
pub/o pubis (part of hip bone)
pyr/o fever
rachi/o spinal column, vertebrae
radi/o radius (lateral lower arm bone), x-rays
rhabdomy/o striated (skeletal) muscle
sacr/o sacrum
sarc/o flesh (connective tissue)
scapul/o scapula, shoulder bone
scoli/o crooked, bent
spondyl/o vertebrea (backbones)
stern/o sternum (breastbone)
submaxill/o lower jaw bone
syndesm/o ligament
synovi/o synovia (joint fluid)
tars/o tarsals (ankle bone)
ten/o tendon
thorac/o chest
tibi/o tibia (shin bone)
uln/o ulna (medial lower arm bone)
vertebr/o vertebrae (backbones)
amphi- on both sides
de- lack of
di- complete, through
dia- complete, through
inter- between
peri- surrounding
supra- above
sym- together, with
syn- together, with
-clasia break
-asthenia weakness
-blast embryonic, immature
-clasis break
-desis binding together
-lemma sheath, covering
-malacia softening
-physis grow, growth
-porosis passage
-schisis to split
-sthenia strength
-trophy nourishment, development
-clast break
calci/o calcium
calei/o calcium
tend/o tendon
tendin/o tendon
treating musculoskeletal deformities in children Orthopedist
treat joint diseases such as the various forms of arthritis including rheumatoid arthritis Rheumatologist
surgical subspecialists in diseases and structural problems of the feet Podiatrists
A fiberoptic instrument is introduced into a joint cavity in order to visualize surfaces of bones entering into a joint, find tears in internal joint structures and evaluate sources of inflammation. Arthroscopy
A radioactive element in very small amounts, not enough to cause any radiation injury to the patient, is introduced into the blood stream Bone scan
recording of muscle electrical activity Electromyography
Cutting out a small tissue sample of muscle in order to examine it under a microscope Muscle biopsy
joint tissues become less resilient to wear and tear and start to degenerate manifesting as swelling, pain, and oftentimes, loss of mobility of joints Arthritis
Changes occur in both joint soft tissues and the opposing bones osteoarthritis
an autoimmune disease wherein the body produces antibodies against joint tissues causing chronic inflammation resulting in severe joint damage, pain and immobility rheumatoid arthritis
The hard, rock-like quality of bone is dependent upon calcium. When too much calcium is dissolved from bones or not enough replaced, bones lose density and are easily fractured Osteoporosis
"Soft bones". If not enough calcium is deposited during early childhood development, the bones do not become rock-hard, but rubbery. Osteomalacia
People whose job involves repeated flexing of their wrist (typing, house painting) may develop tingling and/or pain in their thumb, index and middle fingers along with weakness of movements of the thumb, especially, grasping an object. Carpal tunnel syndrome
Repeated strain on a tendon, attachment of a muscle to bone, can inflame the tendon resulting in pain and difficulty with movement involving the muscle Tendonitis
. Hard, fast movements, such as in tennis and baseball can tear one of these tendons resulting in pain and decreased mobility of the shoulder. Rotator cuff tear
Muscular dystrophy MD
This inherited disease leads to degeneration and weakness of muscles manifesting at birth. Muscular dystrophy
This is an autoimmune disease that involves production of antibodies that interfere with nerves stimulating muscle contractions. Myasthenia gravis
An autoimmune disease wherein the body produces antibodies against a variety of organs, especially connective tissues of skin and joints Lupus erythematosus
may involve a distinctive butterfly-shaped rash over the nose and cheeks and may also involve myalgia and arthralgia Mild lupus
involves inflammation of multiple organ systems such as the heart, lungs, or kidneys. Severe or systemic lupus
SLE Severe or systemic lupus
abnormal lateral curvature of the spine, S shaped curve of the spinal column Scoliosis
humpbacked abnormal increase in the outward curvature of the thoracic spine which pushes the head and shoulders forward Kyphosis
swaybacked, abnormal increase in the forward curvature of the lumbar spine which pushes the abdomen forward and the hips backward Lordosis
synarthrotic Joint immovable
amphiathrotic slightly movable
diathrotic freely movable
accumulation of uric acid crystals within the joint. gout
attach muscles to bone Tendons
When muscles attach to other muscles or to a large flat bone, the attachment is aponeurosis
attach bone to bone Ligaments
slipped disk, ruptured disk, herniated nucleus pulposus herniated disk
kyphosis hunchback
rachischisis spina bifida
ankylosing spondylitis Strumpell-Marie arthritis or disease
bunion hallux valgus
exostosis spur
bones that are strong and have large surface areas for muscles to attach. long bones
bones that are grouped together to help provide movement. short bones
Bones that cover and protect soft body parts. flat bones
bones, such as the kneecap, are small and rounded; they are found near joints to increase the efficiency of the muscles near that joint. Sesamoid bones
middle region of long bones Diaphysis
each end of the long bones Epiphysis
cartilage tissue that is constantly replaced as bone grows; disappears when bone is fully grown, very obvious in children Epiphyseal plate
flared portion of bone between diaphysis and epiphysis Metaphysis
strong, fibrous, vascular covering of long bones; has extensive nerve supply Periosteum
ends of long bones and surface of any bone that meets another to form a joint; cushions the joint, allowing fluid movement Articular cartilage
layer of hard dense bone under the periosteum; contains canals of blood vessels that nourish the bone and remove waste products Compact bone
channels in compact bone that contain blood vessels Haversian canals
central shaft of long bones that contains yellow bone marrow that is made up of mostly fat cells Medullary cavity
spongy, porous bone tissue in the center of bones that contain spaces that contain red bone marrow; this is where red blood cells are made. Cancellous bone
Fossa shallow cavity in a bone
Foramen opening in a bone for blood vessels and nerves
Fissure deep, narrow slit in a bone
Sinus hollow cavity in a bone
Striated made up of voluntary or skeletal muscles that move all bones, facial expressions and eye movement; we control these muscles
involuntary or visceral muscles that move internal organs, such as the digestive tract; we do not control these. Muscle fibers are arranged in sheets that wrap around vessels Smooth
heart muscles; we do not control these. Arranged in branching fibers Cardiac:
Bones 206 adult
Muscle over 600
endosteum membranous lining of the hollow cavity of the bone
red marrow thick, blood-like material found in flat bones and the ends of long bones (location of blood cell formation)
yellow marrow soft, fatty material found in the medullary cavity of long bones
diaphysis shaft of the long bones
epiphysis ends of the long bone
bone marrow material found in the cavities of bones
maxilla upper jawbone
mandible lower jawbone
cervical vertebrae (C1-C7) first set of 7 forming the neck
thoracic vertebrae (T1-T12) second set of 12 vertebrae
lumbar vertebrae (L1-L5) third set of 5 larger vertebrae, which forms the inward curve of spine
sacrum next five vertebrae, which fuse together
coccyx four vertebrae fused together to form the tailbone
lamina part of the vertebral arch
clavicle (2) collarbone
scapula (2) shoulder blade
sternum breastbone
upper extremities arm and hand bones
pelvic bones (3 pairs fused together) (3 pairs fused together)
lower extremities leg and foot bones
joint holds bones together and makes movement possible
articular cartilage smooth layer of gristle covering the contacting surface of joints
meniscus crescent-shaped cartilage found in the knee
intervertebral disk cartilagionous pad found between the vertebrae in the spine
pubic symphysis cartilaginous joint at which two public bones fuse together
Created by: swise1