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facial bones ch.6


mandibular bone is the lower jaw bone
maxillary bones two bones; are the bones of the upper jaw
zygomatic bones two bones' one on each side of the face-from the high part of the cheek and the outer border of the eye orbits
nasal bones two slender nasal bones gives shape to the nose by forming the upper part of the bridge. The lower part of the nose is formed by septal cartilage.
nasal bones meet at the midline of the face, they also jion the frontal bone, the ethmoid bone, and the maxillae
lacrimal bones two small lacrimal bones are upper thin and shaped somewhat like a fingernail, They are located at the inner corner of each eye, forming the sidewall of the nasal cavity and the middle wall of the eye orbit
lacrimal bones join the cheek bones on each side to form the fossa, which houses the tear (or lacrimal) duct
vomer is a thin, flat bone that forms the lower portion of the nasal septum.
palatine bones two bones, that are shaped like the letter "L"; they have a vertical and a horizontal portion
nasal conchae two inferior nasal conchae bones help to complete the nasal cavity by forming the side and lower wall
cerivcal vertebrae the first segment of the vertebrae column; which consits of the first seven bones of the vertebral column
hyoid bone is located just above the larynx and below the mandible
thoracic vertebrae progressing down the vertebral column, the second segment is the throacic vertebrae-consisting of the next 12 vertebrae
lumbar vertebrae the third segment; consisting of the next five vertebrae
lumbar vertebrae are larger and heavier than the other vertebrae, and support the back and lower trunk of the body
sacrum the fourth segment, is loacted below the lumabar vertebrae,
sacrum is a singluar trianglaur-shaped bone that resulted from the fusion of the five individual sacral bones of the child
coccyx the fifth segment, located at the very end of the vertebrae column
coccyx called the tailbone; is a single bone that resulted from fushion of 4 individual coccygeal bones in the child
humerus is the upper arm bone
radius is one of the two lower arm bones that joins the humerus above and the wrist below
ulna is the second of the two lower arm bones that joins the humerus above and the wrist bones below
carpals the bones of the wrist; each wrist has eight carpal bones(two rows of four bones each)
metacarpals the bones of the hand
phanlanges the bones of the fingers;(as are the bones of the toes); each fingers has three phalangel bones, the thumb has only two
femur is the thigh bone; is the longiest, heavist, and storngest bone in the body
patella is the knee bone or kneecap; mthe largest sesamoid bone in the body
trochanter is the large lateral projection at the point where the neck and the shaft meet
tibia is the larger and stronger of the two lower leg bones; also called the shin bone
fibula is the more slender of the two lower leg bones and is lateral to the tibia
tarsals bones of the ankle
metatarsals bones of the foot
phalanges bones of the fingers
calcanerus known as the heel bone; largest tarsal bone; serves as a point of attachment for several of the muscles of the calf
frontal bone forms the forehead (front of the skull) and the upper part of the bony cavities that contain the eyeballs.
parietal bones moving toward the back of the head, just behind the frontal bones, are two parietal bones. They form most of the top and upper sides of the cranium
occipital bone forms the back of the head and the base of the skull(the back portion of the floor of the cranial cavity.)
temporal bone from the lower sides and part of the base of the skull(cranium)
spenoid bone is a bat-shaped bone. located at the base of the skull in front of the temporal bones
ethmoid bone lies justbehin the nasal bone, in front of the sphenoid bone. Forms the front of the base of the skull, part of the eye orbits and the nasal cavity
Created by: Courtneey