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Musculoskeletal

Chapter 15 review

QuestionAnswer
The head, neck and trunk are part of the ______________ skeleton. axial
The bones in the extremities are part of the _________________ skeleton. appendicular
The shaft of the long bone is called the _______________. diaphysis
The ends of the long bone are called the ___________________. epiphysis
The strong, vascular membrane that covers the surface of the long bone is called the _____________________. periosteum
What are the two types of bone marrow? red and yellow
What is the name of the hollow space in the diaphysis of the long bones? medullary cavity
This type of connective tissue acts as a shock absorber between the bones. cartilage
Name the three types of muscle. striated, smooth and cardiac
Which type of muscle does not regenerate when damaged? cardiac
Of the three types of muscle, which type is under voluntary control? striated
What action is accomplished by curling a weight? flexion
What is the muscle action when a weight is brought back from the curled position? extension
What is the muscle action accomplished when you point your toes? plantarflexion
What is the muscle action accomplished when you point your toes toward the ceiling? dorsiflexion
Turning your palm toward the floor is called __________________. pronation
Turning your palm toward the ceiling is called _________________. supination
Moving your leg away from your body is called __________________. abduction
Moving your leg toward your body is called __________________. adduction
Smooth muscles are also referred to as __________________ muscles. visceral
_____________ refers to fusion of the bones. ankylosis
A _______________ is the displacement of a bone from its normal position in a joint. dislocation
This form of arthritis is characterized by an excess of uric acid. gouty arthritis
What is the neuromuscular disorder caused by bacteria found in the ground? tetanus
A breakdown of muscle fibers that result in the release of those fiber contents into the bodies circulation is called _______________________. rhabdomyolysis
What is the disorder of the peripheral nervous system that causes ascending paralysis? Guillain-Barre Syndrome
Name the muscular disease that is characterized by aches, pains and muscle stiffness with specific tender areas. fibromyalgia
What is the neuromuscular disease characterized by degenerative muscle fibers? muscular dystrophy
What is the muscle disease where neither the nerves or muscles are diseased? myasthenia gravis
What is the examination to evaluate the strength of the contractions of a muscle? EMG
The repair of a fracture through surgical means is called ____________________. open reduction
ORIF stands for __________________________. Open Reduction Internal Fixation
The test administered to evaluate bone density is called a ________________. DEXA scan
A disease of the bones that causes the bones to become porous is called ____________________. osteoporosis
This disorder is due to a Vitamin D deficiency in children. rickets
The disorder that is caused by repetitive motions of the hands and wrists is called ______________________. carpal tunnel syndrome
Created by: leanneweit on 2009-09-16



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