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Medical Term Chp 4

Integumentary System

QuestionAnswer
biopsy excision of tissue for microscopic examination
Alopecia Lack of hair in spots; baldness
Apocrine Glands Glands that appear during and after puberty and secrete sweat, as from the armpits
Ceruminous Glands Glands that secrete a waxy substance on the surface of the ear
cauterize To apply heat to an area to cause coagulation and stop bleeding
cryosurgery surgery that removes tissue by freezing it with liquid nitrogen
Cuticle Thin band of epidermis that surrounds the edge of nails, except at the top
Dermis Layer of skin beneath the epidermis containing blood vessels, nerves, and some glands
Diaphoresis Excretion of fluid by the sweat glands; sweating.
Eccrine Glands Sweat glands that occur all over the body, except when the apocrine glands occur
Epidermis Outer portion of the skin containing several strata
curettage removal of tissue from an area, such as a wound, by scraping
Hair Follicle Tubelike sac in the dermis out of which the hair shaft develops
Hair root Portion of the hair beneath the skin surface
Hair shaft Portion of the hair visible about the skin surface
depridement removal fo dead tissue from a wound
Integument Skin and all the elements that are contained within and arise from it
Keratin Hard, horny protein that forms nails and hair
Lunula Half-moon shaped area at the base of the nail plate
Melanin Pigment produced by melanocytes taht determines skin, hair, and eye color
electrodesiccation drying with electrical current
Nail Thin layer of keratin that covers the distal portion of fingers and toes
fulguration destruction of tissue using electric sparks
Pore Opening or hole, particularly in the skin
plastic surgery repair or reconstruction by means of surgery
Sebaceous Glands Glands in the dermis that open to hair follicles and secrete sebum
Sebum Oily substance, usually secreted into the hair follicle
skin graft placement of fresh skin over a damaged area
anesthetic agent that relieves pain by blocking nerve sensations (Orajel, Lidocaine)
antibiotic agent that kills or slows the growth of bacteria (Neosporin)
antifungal agent that kills or slows the growth of fungi (Lotrimin, Tinactin)
antihistamine agent that controls allergic reactions by blocking the effectiveness of histamines in the body (Calamine, Benadryl)
Striae Stretch marks made in the collagen fibers of the dermis layer
Subcutaneous layer Bottom layer of the skin containing fatty tissue
Sweat glands Coiled glands of the skin that secrete perspiration to regulate body temperature and excrete waste products
adip(o) fatty
dermat(o) Skin
derm(o) skin
hidr(o) sweat, sweat glands
ichthy(o) fish, scaly
kerat(o) horny tissue
lip(o) fatty
melan(o) black, very dark
myc(o) fungus
onych(o) nail
pil(o) hair
seb(o) sebum, sebaceous glands
steat(o) fat
trich(o) hair
xanth(o) yellow
xer(o) dry
bx biopsy
Antipruritic agent that controls itching (Hydrocortisone)
MRSA A form of staphylococcus aureus that is resistant to a common group of antibiotics that include methicillin, penicillin, and amoxicillin
PPD Purified Protein Derivative (of tuberculin)
astringent Agent that removes excess oils and impurities from the surface of skin
corticosteriod agent with antiinflammatory properties
VRE a form of enterococcus that is resistant to most antibiotics
Dermatology Medical specialty that deals with diseases of the skin
exudate Any fluid excreted out of tissue especially fluid excreted out of an injury to the skin
Parasiticide agent that kills or slows the growth of parasites
Mantoux Test Test for tuberculosis in which a small dose of tuberculin is injected intradermally with a syringe
Patch test Test for allergic sensitivity in which a small dose of antigen is applied to the skin on a small piece of gauze
Schick Test Test for diphtheria
Scratch Test Test for allergic sensitivity in which a small amount of antigen is scratched onto the surface of the skin
abscess localized collection of pus and other exudate, usually accompanied by swelling and redness
Acne Inflammatory eruption fo the skin, occuring in or near sebaceous glands on the face, neck, shoulder, or upper back
albinism rare, congenital condition causing either partial or total lack of pigmentation
basal cell carcinoma slow-growing cancer of the basal cells of the epidermis, usually a result fo sun damage
birthmark lesion (especially a hemangioma) visible at or soon after birth; nevus
blackhead Same as comedo (open hair follicle filled with bacteria and sebum, common in acne)
burn damage to the skin caused by exposure to heat, chemicals, electricity, radiation, or other skin irritants
callus mass of hard skin that forms as a cover over broken skin on certain areas of the body especially the feet and hands
candidiasis yeastlike fungus on the skin, caused by Candida; characterized by pruritis, white exudate, peeling, and easy bleeding; examples are thrush and diaper rash
Cellulitis Severe inflammation of the dermis and subcutaneous protions of the skin usually caused by an infection that enters the skin through an opening, as a wound; characterized by local heat, redness, pain, and swelling
Comedo Open hair follicle filled with bacteria and sebum; common in acne; blackhead
Corn Growth of hard skin, usually on the toes
Cyst Abnormal sac containing fluid
decubitus ulcer Chronic ulcer on skin over bony parts that are under constant pressure; pressure sore
depigmentation loss of color of the skin
dermatitis inflammation of the skin
ecchymosis purplish skin patch (bruise) caused by broken blood vessels beneath the skin
eczema severe inflammatory condition fo teh skin, usually of unknown cause
fever blister eruption around the mouth or lips; herpes simplex virus type 1
first degree burn least severe burn, causes injury to the surface of the skin without blistering
fissure deep slit in the skin
gangrene death of an area of skin, usually caused by loss of blood supply to the area
Herpes simplex virus Type 1 Herpes that recurs on the lips and around the area of the mouth, usually during viral illnesses or states of stress; Cold sore
Herpes simplex virus Type 2 Herpes that recurs on the genitalia; can be easily transmitted from one person to another through sexual contact; Genital herpes
Herpes Zoster Painful herpes that affects nerve roots; shingles
Hives Same as Urticaria (Group of reddish wheals, usually accompanied by pruritis and often caused by an allergy)
lesion wound, damage, or injury to the skin
leukoderma absence of pigment in the skin or in an area of the skin
Nervus birthmark
onychopathy disease of the nail
Pemphigus Autoimmune disease that causes skin blistering
Petechia a tiny hemorrhage beneath the surface of the skin
Plantar Wart Wart on the sole of the foot
polyp Bulging mass of tissue that projects outward from the skin surface
Pruritis itching
Psoriasis Chronic skin condition accompanied by scaly lesions with extreme pruritis
Purpura skin condition with extensive hemorrhages underneath the skin covering a wide area
rosacea vascular disease that causes blotchy, red patches on the skin; particularly on the nose and cheeks
roseola skin eruption of small, rosy patches, usually caused by a virus
scabies skin eruption caused by a mite burrowing into the skin
seborrhea overproduction of sebum by the sebaceous glands
second degree burn moderately severe burn that affects the epidermis and dermis; usually involves blistering
telangiectasia a permanent dilation of the small blood vessels
third degree burn most severe type of burn; involves complete destruction of an area of skin
tinea fungal infection; ringworm
tumor any mass of tissue; swelling
ulcer open lesion, usually with superficial loss of tissue
urticaria group of reddish wheals, usually accompanied by pruritis and often caused by an allergy
varicella contagious skin disease, usually occuring during childhood, and often accompanied by the formation of pustules; chicken pox
wheal itchy patch of raised skin
whitehead closed comedo that does not contain the dark bacteria present in blackheads.
Created by: ambervail on 2009-09-15



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