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Med Term Quiz 1

Ambien, Ambien CR Generic Zolpidem tartrate
Ambien, Ambien CR Drug Class Hypnotic
Ambien, Ambien CR Use Insomnia
Antivert Generic Meclizine HCl
Antivert Drug Class Antivertigo
Antivert Use vertigo & motion sickness
Bactrim Generic Sulfamethoxazole & Trimethoprim
Bactrim Drug Class Sulfonamide antibacterial
Bactrim Use Infection
Bentyl Generic Dicyclomine HCl
Bentyl Drug Class Anticholinergic, Antispasmodic
Bentyl Use functional & irritable bowel syndrome
Biaxin Generic Clarithromycin
Biaxin Drug Class Macrolide antibiotic
Biaxin Use Infections
Cipro Generic Ciprofloxacin
Cipro Drug Class Fluoroquinolone Antibiotic
Cipro Use Infection
Cleocin Generic Clindamycin HCl
Cleocin Drug Class Antibiotic
Cleocin Use Infection
Cymbalta Generic Duloxetine HCl
Cymbalta Drug Class Antidepressant
Cymbalta Use Depression, diabetic peripheral neuropathy
Desyrel Generic Trazodone HCl
Desyrel Drug Class Antidepressant
Desyrel Use Depression w/ or w/out anxiety
Diflucan Generic Fluconazole
Diflucan Drug Class Antifungal
Diflucan Use Candidiasis
Dilantin Generic Phenytoin sodium
Dilantin Drug Class Antiepileptic
Dilantin Use Seizures
Lomotil Generic Diphenoxylate HCl/ atropine
Lomotil Drug Class Antidiarrheal
Lomotil Use Diarrhea
Abdomin/o, Celi/o, Lapar/o Abdomen
An/o Anus
Appendic/o Appendix
Bil/i, Chol/e Bile
Bucc/o Cheek
Cheil/o Lip
Col/o, Colon/o Colon
Cyst/o Bladder or sac
Dent/i Teeth
Doch/o Duct
Duoden/o Duodenum
Enter/o Small intestine
Esophag/o Esophagus
Gastr/o Stomach
Gingiv/o Gum
Gloss/o, Lingu/o Tongue
Hepat/o, Hepatic/o Liver
Herni/o Hernia
Ile/o Ileum
Inguin/o Groin
Jejun/o Jejunum (empty)
Lith/o Stone
Or/o, Stomat/o Mouth
Pancreat/o Pancreas
Peritone/o Peritoneum
Phag/o Eat or swallow
Proct/o Anus & rectum
Pylor/o Pylorus (gatekeeper)
Rect/o Rectum
Sial/o Saliva
Sigmoid/o Sigmoid colon (resembles s)
Steat/o Fat
-emesis vomiting
Oral cavity, mouth receives food for digestion
Salivary glands Exocrine glands in mouth, Secrete saliva; Parotid, submandibular (submaxillary) , sublingual
Cheeks Lateral walls of the mouth
Lips Fleshy structures surrounding mouth
Palate Roof of mouth, Hard & soft palate
Uvula Projection hanging from back middle of soft palate
Tongue Muscular structure on floor of mouth, Covered by mucous membrane, Held down by frenulum
Gums Tissue covering jaw processes
Teeth Bony projections in jaws for chewing
Pharynx Throat; Food to esophagus; Air to larynx
Esophagus Moves food from pharynx to stomach
Stomach Chemically mixes & prepares food received from esophagus
Cardiac sphincter Opening from esophagus to stomach
Pyloric sphincter Opening from stomach to duodenum
Small intestine Digests food received from stomach; Duodenum, jejunum, ileum
Duodenum 1st portion of small intestine
Jejunum 2nd portion of small intestine
Ileum 3rd portion of small intestine
Large intestine Receives liquid waste products of digestion; Reabsorbs water & minerals; Forms & stores feces for defecation; Cecum, appendix, colon, rectum
Cecum 1st part of large intestine
Vermiform, appendix Wormlike projection of lymphatic tissue hanging off cecum
Colon Portions of large intestine extending from cecum to rectum; Ascending, transverse, descending, sigmoid colon
Ascending colon Extends upward from cecum
Transverse colon Extends across from the ascending colon
Descending colon Extends down from transverse colon
Sigmoid colon Resembles S; Terminates at rectum
Rectum Distal (end) portion of large intestine
Rectal ampulla Dilated portion of rectum above anal canal
Anus Opening of rectum outside body
Feces Waste formed by absorption of water in large intestine
Defecation Evacuation of feces from rectum
Peritoneum Membrane surrounding entire abdominal cavity;Parietal & visceral layer
Peritoneal cavity Space between parietal & visceral peritoneum
Omentum Extension of peritoneum attached to stomach & connecting to other abdominal organs
Liver Upper right quadrant; Produces bile; Secretes bile into duodenum during digestion
Gallbladder Stores & concentrates bile
Pancreas Gland; Secretes pancreatic juice into duodenum where it mixes with bile to digest food
Biliary ducts Convey bile; Hepatic, cystic, common bile ducts
Hypochondriac regions Upper lateral regions beneath ribs
Epigastric region Upper middle region below sternum
Lumbar region Middle lateral region
Umbilical region Region of navel
Inguinal regions Lower lateral groin regions
Hypogastric regions Region below navel
Anorexia Loss of appetite
Aphagia Inability to swallow
Ascites Accumulation of fluid in peritoneal cavity
Buccal In the cheek
Diarrhea Frequent loose or liquid stools
Constipation Infrequent or incomplete bowel movements; Hardened, dry stool difficult to pass
Dyspepsia Indigestion
Dysphagia Difficulty in swallowing
Eructation Belch
Flatulence Gas in stomach or intestines
Halitosis Bad breath
Hematochezia Red blood in stool
Hematemesis Vomiting blood
Hepatomegaly Enlargement of liver
Hyperbilirubinemia Excessive level of bilirubin in blood
Icterus, Jaundice Yellow discoloration of skin, sclera, & other tissues, Excessive bilirubin in blood
Melena Dark colored, tarry stool; Old blood
Nausea Feeling sick in the stomach
Steatorrhea Feces containing fat
Sublingual, Hypoglossal Under the tongue
Stomatitis Inflammation of mouth
Sialoadenitis Inflammation of salivary gland
Parotiditis, Parotitis Inflammation of parotid gland; Mumps
Cheilitis Inflammation of lip
Glossitis Inflammation of tongue
Ankyloglossia Defect in tongue; Short, thick frenulum
Gingivitis Inflammation of gums
Esophageal varices Swollen, twisted veins in esophagus, susceptible to ulceration & hemorrhage
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) Backflow of contents of stomach into esophagus; Resulting from abnormal function of lower esophageal sphincterBurning pain in esophagus
Pyloric stenosis Narrowed condition of the pylorus
Peptic ulcer disease (PUD) Sore on mucous membrane of stomach, duodenum, or any other part of GI system exposed to gastric juices; Helicobacter pylori
Gastric ulcer Ulcer located in stomach
Duodenal ulcer Ulcer located in duodenum
Gastroenteritis Inflammation of stomach & small intestine
Enteritis Inflammationof small intestine
Ileitis Inflammation of lower portion of small intestine
Colitis Inflammation of colon
Ulcerative colitis Chronic inflammation of colon along with ulcerations
Diverticulum Abnormal side pocket in GI tract; Related to lack of dietary fiber
Diverticulosis Diverticula in GI tract, esp. in bowel
Diverticulitis Inflammation of diverticula
Dysentery Inflammation of intestine; Frequent, bloody stools caused by bacteria or protozoa
Appendicitis Inflammation of appendix
Herni Protrusion of a part from its normal location
Hiatal hernia protrusion of part of stomach through diaphragm opening
Inguinal hernia protrusion of loop of intestine through layers of abdominal wall in inguinal region
Incarcerated hernia hernia that is swollen & fixed within a sac, causing obstruction
Strangulated hernia hernia that is constricted, cut off from circulationlikely to become gangrenous
Umbilical hernia protrusion of intestine through a weakness in abdominal wall around umbilicus
Inussusception prolapse of one part of intestine into lumen of adjoining part
Volvulus twisting of bowel on itself causing obstruction
Polyposis multiple polyps in intestine & rectum high potential to become malignant
Polyp tumor on a stalk
Proctitis inflammation of rectum & anus
Anal fistula abnormal tubelike passageway from anus that may connect with rectum
Hemorrhoid swollen, twisted vein in anal region
Peritonitis inflammation of peritoneum
Hepatitis inflammation of liver
Hepatitis A infections HAV transmitted orally through fecal contamination of food or water
Hepatitis B HBV transmitted sexually or by exposure to contaminated blood of body fluids
Hepatitis C HCV transmitted by exposure to infected blood
Cirrhosis Chronic disease; Degeneration of liver tissue due to alcoholism or nutritional deficiency
Cholangitis Inflammation of bile ducts
Cholecystitis Inflammation of gallbladder
Cholelithiasis Presence of stones in gallbladder or bile ducts
Choledocholithiasis Presence of stones in common bile duct
Pancreatitis Inflammation of pancreas
Biopsy (Bx) Removal of microscopic study of tissue
Incisional Bx Removal of portion of lesion
Excisional Bx Removal of entire lesion
Endoscopy Examination within body cavity w/ endoscope; GI tract abnormalities, perform biopsy, excision of lesions, dilations of narrowed areas, removal of swallowed objects
Esophagoscopy Exam of esophagus w/ esophagoscope
Gastroscopy Exam of stomach w/ gastroscope
Upper GI endoscopy Exam of lining of esophagus, stomach, duodenum w/ esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) or panendoscopy
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) Endoscopic procedure w/ x-ray fluoroscopy to examine ducts of liver, gallbladder, pancreas
Laparoscopy Exam of abdominal cavity with laparoscope; Interventional surgical procedures
Peritoneoscopy Exam of peritoneal cavity w/ peritoneoscope; Examine liver & obtain Bx specimen
Colonoscopy Exam of colon using colonoscope
Sigmoidoscopy Exam of sigmoid colon w/ sigmoidoscope
Proctoscopy Exam of rectum & anus w/ proctoscope
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) Nonionizing; Visualize abdominal cavity, identify disease in GI tract
Radiography X-ray imaging; Used to detect condition in GI tract; Upper GI series X-ray of esophagus, stomach, duodenum; Swallowing of contrast medium
Barium swallow X-ray of esophagus only; Locate swallowed objects
Fluoroscopy X-ray using fluorescent screen to visualize structures in motion
Small bowel series X-ray exam of small intestine; In conjunction w/ upper GI series
Lower GI barium enema X-ray of colon after administration of enema containing contrast medium
Computed tomography (CT) of abdomen Cross-sectional x-ray; Identify condition of GI tract
Cholangiogram X-ray of bile ducts; During surgery
Cholecystogram X-ray of gallbladder after oral ingestion of iodine
Sonography Ultrasound imaging
Abdominal sonogram Detect disease in organs & vascular structures of abdomen
Endoscopic sonography Examine body cavity; Make sonographic images of structures & tissues
Stool culture & sensitivity (C&S) Isolation of stool specimen in culture medium; Identify disease causing organisms
Stool occult blood study Chemical test of stool specimen; Detect presence of blood; Positive findings indicate bleeding in GI tract
Cheiloplasty Repair of the lip
Glossectomy Excision of tongue
Glossorrhaphy Suture of tongue
Esophagoplasty Repair of esophagus
Gastrectomy Partial or complete removal of stomach
Gastric resection Partial removal & repair of stomach
Gastroenterostomy Formation of artificial opening between stomach & small intestine
Abdominocentesis, Paracentesis Puncture of abdomen for aspiration of fluid
Laparotomy Incision of abdomen
Laparoscopic surgery Abdominal surgery using laparoscope
Herniorrhaphy, Hernioplasty Repair of hernia
Colostomy Creation of opening in colon through abdominal wall to create an abdominal anus; Allow stool to bypass diseased portion of colon
Anastomosis Union of 2 hollow vessels; Technique of bowel surgery
Ileostomy Creation of opening on abdomen to which end of ileum is attached; Provides passageway for ileal discharges
Appendectomy Excision of diseased appendix
Incidental appendectomy Removal of appendix during abdominal surgery for another procedure
Polypectomy Excision of polyps
Proctoplasty Repair of anus & rectum
Anal fistulectomy Excision of an anal fistula
Hemorrhoidectomy Excision of hemorrhoids
Hepatic lobectomy Excision of liver lobe
Cholecystectomy Excision of gallbladder
Laparoscopid cholecystectomy Excision of gallbladder through laparoscope
Cholelithotomy Incision for removal of gallstones
Choledocholithotomy Incision of common bile duct for extraction of gallstones
Pancreatectomy Excision of pancreas
Gastric lavage Oral insertion of tube into stomach for exam & Tx; Remove blood clots from stomach or monitor bleeding
Nasogastric (NG) intubation Insertion of tube through nose into stomach
Antacid Drug neutralizing stomach acid
Antiemetic Drug preventing or stopping vomiting
Antispasmodic Drug decreasing motility in GI tract to arrest spasm or diarrhea
Cathartic Drug causing movement of bowels; laxative
Created by: BJF