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Jaeger BT 2B

Biotech 2 terminology

when the body fails to distinguish self from non self and it produces antibodies (or lymphocytes) which attack it Autoimmune disease
a virus that infects bacteria Bacteriophage
the agent used to carry new DNA into a cell. Often times this is a virus or plasmid Vector
a small self replicating piece of DNA found outside the chromosome Plasmid
a triplet of bases that specifies an amino acid Codon
a triplet of nucleotides in a transfer RNA molecule that is complementary to a codon in a messenger RNA molecule Anticodon
the process of using a messenger RNA template to make a protein Translation
the transfer of DNA from one bacteria to another Transduction
the process of using a DNA template to make a complementary RNA molecule Transcription
a change in the genetic structure of an organism as a result of the uptake and incorporation of foreign DNA Transformation
the process of duplicating DNA for distribution to daughter cells DNA Replication
an organism that has been altered to contain a gene from an organism that belongs to a different species Transgenic
a group of enzymes that degrades proteins by hydrolyzing peptide bonds resulting in destruction of a product over time Protease
bioreactor which is used for bioprocessing such as growing cells or bacteria Fermenter
The process where free DNA is transferred directly into a recipient cell Transformation
The process where genetic information present in mRNA molecule directs the order of AA initiating protein synthesis Translation
Created by: kjaeger