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Ch.16 LTI-MA 509

Ch.16 Language of Medicine-skin

QuestionAnswer
Person with skin deficient in pigment (melanin). albino
One of the large dermal exocrin glands located in the axilla and genital area. It secrets sweat that, in action with bacteria, is responsible for human body oder. apocrine sweat gland
deepest region of the epidermis: it gives rise to all the epidermal cells. basal layer
structural protein found in the skin and connective tissue. collagen
band of epidermis at the base and sides of the nail plate. cuticle
middle layer of the skin. dermis
most numerous sweat-producing exocrine gland in the skin. eccrine sweat gland
outermost layer of the skin epithelium
sac within which each hair grows. hair follicle
the skin and its accessory structures such as hair,nails and glands. integumentary system
hard protein material found in the epidermis, hair, and nails. Keratin means horn and commonly is found in the horns of animals. keratin
subcutaneous layer made up of fat cells lipocytes
the half-moon-shaped, whitish area at the base of a nail. lunula
major skin pigment. It is formed by melanocytes in the epidermis. melanin
soft tissue surrounding the nail border. paronychium
oil-secreting gland in the dermis that is associated with hir follicles. sebaceous gland
oily substance secreted by sebaceous glands. sebum
flat, scale-like cells composing the epidermis. squamous epithelium
arranged in layers. stratified
a layer(of cells) stratum
outermost layer of the epidermis, which consists of flattened, keratinized(horny) cells. stratum corneum
innermost layer of the skin, contining fat tissue. subcutaneous layer
a thin, cellular membrance layer, containing keratin epidermis
dense, fibrous, connective tissue layer, containing collagen dermis
thick, fat-containing tissue subcutaneous layer
Skin contains two types of glands that produce inportant secretions. These glands under the skin are? sebaceous and sweat glands.
give skin the pigment, contain brown-black pigment. melanocytes
thick-walled,closed sac or pouch containing fluid or semisolid material cyst
a collection of yellowish, cheesy sebum commonly found on the scalp, vulva, and scrotum sebaceous cyst
found over the sacral area of the back in the midline and contains, hairs. pilonidal cyst
wearing away or loss of epidermis. occur as a result of inflammation or injury and heal without scarring erosion
groove or crask-like sore. An anal fissure is a break in the skin lining the anal canal. fissure
discolored (often reddened) flat lesion. Freckles, tattoo marks, and flat moles are examples. macule
solid, round or oval elevated lesion more that 1cm in diameter. nodule
small(less than 1 cm in diameter) solid elevaton of the skin. Pimples are examples of papules. papule
benign growth extending from the surface of mucous membrane. polyp
small elevation of the skin containing pus. pustule
open sore on the skin or mucous membranes within the body ulcer
small collection of clear fluid (serum) blister vesicle
smooth, slightly elevated, edemtous (swollen) area that is redder or paler than the surrounding skin. wheal, hive
absence of hair from areas where it normally grows. alopecia
bluish-black mark (bruise) on the skin. ecchymosis
petechia small, pinpoint hemorrhage.
itching a sympton associated with most forms of dermatitis and withother conditions as well. pruritus
acute allergic reation in which red, round wheals develop on the skin urticaria (hives)
chronic papular and pustular reuption of the skin with increased productionof sebum. acne
caused by the buildup of sebum and keratin in the pores of the skin. acne vulgaris
injury to tissues caused by heat contact. burns
superficial epidermal lesions, erythema, hyperesthesia, and no blisters. first-degree burns
epidermal and dermal lesions, erythema, blisters, and hyperesthesia second-degree burns
epidermis and dermis aredestroyed and subcutaneous layer is damaged, leaving charred, white tissue. third-degree burns
diffuse, acute infection of the skin markded by local heat, redness, pain and swelling. cellulitis
inflammatory skin disease with eryhematous, papuovesicular lesions eczema
rash of the skin sue to a viral infection exanthematous viral diseases
fatty mass lipoma
cacterial infammatory skin disease characterized by vesicles, pustules, and crusted-over lesions inpetigo
general form of a fungal infection dermatophytosis
a chronic progressive disease of the skin with hardening and shrinking of connective tissue scleroderma
chronic autoimmune inflammatory disease of collagen in the skin, of joints and of internal organs. systemic lupus erythematosus(SLE)
infection of the skin caused by a gungus tinea
loss of pegment in areas of the skin (milk-white patches) vitiligo
increased growth of cells in the keratin layer of the epidermis caused by pressure or friction. callus
hypertrophied, thickened scar that occurs after trauma or surgical incision. keloid
thickened and reddened area of the epidermis, usually associated with aging or skin damage keratosis
white, thickened patches on mucous membrane membrane tissure of the tongue or cheek leukoplakia
dryness xer/o
epidermal growth(wart) caused by a virus verruca
malignant tumor of the basal cell layer of the epidermis. basal cell carcinaoma
squamous cell carcinoma malignant tumor of the squamous epithelial cells of the epidermis
cancerous growth composed of melanocytes malignant melanoma
bacterial analyses samples of skin are sent to a laboratory to detect presence of microorganisms
crack, slit inskin fissure
use of subfreezing temperature via liquid nitrogen application to destroy tissue. cryosurgery
skin cuta/o
blister bullae
thin layers of a malignant growth are removed and each is examined under a miroscope. Mohs surgery
suspected malignant skin lesions are removed and sent to the pathology laboratory for microscopic examination. skin biopsy
reaction of the body to a substance by observing the results of injecting the substance intradermally or applying it topically to the skin. skin test
Created by: jasra on 2009-08-18



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