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Quick & Easy MT Ch 9

Quick & Easy MT Ch 9 The Digestive System

Alimentation process of providing nutrition for the body
ingestion oral taking of substances into the body
digestion mechanical and chemical conversion of food into parts that can be absorbed by the cells
absorption digested food molecules pass through the lining of the intestine into the blood
elimination removal of undigested food particles
defecation elimination of waste out of the anus
-ation action or process
bil/i bile
chol/e bile
cirrh/o orange-yellow
de- down, from, reversing, or removing
glycos/o sugar
-orexia appetite
-pepsia digestion
vag/o vagus nerve
viscer/o viscera
cheil/o lips
dent/i teeth
dent/o teeth
odont/o teeth
ginigiv/o gums
gloss/o tongue
lingu/o tongue
or/o mouth
stomat/o mouth
esophag/o esophagus
gastr/o stomach
intestin/o intestines
enter/o intestines
duoden/o duodenum
jejun/o jejunum
ile/o ileum
col/o colon
colon/o colon
append/o appendix
appendic/o appendix
cec/o cecum
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon
proct/o anus or rectum
rect/o rectum
an/o anus
gingiva gums
lingual pertaining to the tongue
sublingual underneath the tongue
gastric pertaining to the stomach
gastralgia stomach pain
gastrodynia stomach pain
gastroenterology study of stomach, intestines and associated structures
gastroenterologist physician who specializes in stomach, intestines and associated structures
sigmoindoscopy examination of the sigmoid colon with an instrument for illumination
choledochal pertaining to the common bile duct
insulin hormone that regulates the blood sugar level
pancreas organ that produces insulin
cholecyst/o gallbladder
choledoch/o common bile duct
hepat/o liver
pancreat/o pancreas
sial/o salivary gland
cholelithiasis presence of gallstones
jaundice characterized by yellowing of the skin, whites of the eyes, mucous membranes and body fluids as a result of deposition of bile pigment.
choledocholithiasis gallstone in the common bile duct
endoscopy visual examination of the esophagus, stomach and duodenum
colonscopy visual examination of the colon
endoscope instrument used for endoscopy, colonoscopy
Diabetes Mellitus disease that results from resistance to insulin or lack of insulin secretion
hyperglycemia increased blood sugar
polyphagia excessive hunger
polyuria excessive urination
polydispsia excessive thirst
glycosuria glucose in urine
hypoglycemia low blood sugar
hyperlipidemia excessive lipids in blood (fat)
hyperemesis excessive vomiting
dehydration output of body fluid exceeds fluid intake
diarrhea watery discharge through anus
anorexia loss of appetite for food
emaciation excessive leanness caused by disease or lack of nutrition
anorexia nervosa prolonged refusal to eat that results in emaciation
bulimia episodes of binge eating that often terminate in self induced vomiting
malabsorption syndrome complex of symptoms that include anorexia, weight loss, flatulence, muscle cramps and bone pain.
flatulence excessive gas in the stomach and intestinal tract that leads to bloating (fart)
cirrhosis chronic liver disease char by degeneration of liver cells
hepatotoxic toxic or destructive to the liver
cholangitis inflammation of the bile ducts
eupepsia normal digestion
dyspepsia bad digestion
hernia a protrusion of an organ through an abnormal opening in the muscle wall of the cavity that contains it.
gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) backflow of the stomach contents into the esophagus
gastrocele herniation of the stomach
dysphagia difficult or painful swallowing
esophageal varices complex of enlarged and swollen veins at the lower end of the esophagus
gastritis inflammation of the stomach
ulcer a lesion of the mucous membrane, accompanied by the sloughing of dead tissue
appendicitis inflammation of the vermiform appendix
diverticulitis inflammation of a diverticulum (small sac or pouch in the wall of an organ) in the intestinal tract
duodenitis inflammation of the duodenum
enterostasis stoppage or delay in the passage of food through the intestine
irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) abnormal increased motility of the intestines (bloating, diarrhea, flatulence)
cholecystitis inflammation of the gallbladder
hepatitis inflammation of the liver
pancreatitis inflammation of the pancreas
anorexiant appetite-suppressing drug
gastroplasty stomach surgery (for obesity)
antidiarrheal medication to treat diarrhea
antiemetic medication to treat vomiting
laxative medication to treat constipaton
appendectomy surgery to remove appendix
cholecystectomy surgery to remove gallbladder
colostomy creation of an artificial anus on the abdominal wall by incising the colon and drawing it out to the surface
anastomosis surgical joining of two organs, vessels, or ducts that are normally separate
ileostomy creation of a surgical passage through the abdominal wall into the ileum
stoma surgically created opening on the abdominal wall
laproscopy examination of the abdominal cavity with a laparoscope through one or more small incisions in the abdominal wall (visual inspection)
Created by: MrsSlagter