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Quick & Easy MT Ch 8

Quick & Easy MT Ch 8 The Respiratory System

Respiration process that supplies oxygen to body cells Consists of one inspiration and one expiration
expiration breathe air out of lungs
inspiration breathe air into lungs
Homeostasis state of equilibrium of the internal environment of the body
eupnea normal respiration 15-20 breaths/min
phrenic pertaining to the diaphragm
pleura membrane surrounding the lungs
alveol/o alveolus, plural is alveoli
bronch/o bronchus, plural is bronchi
bronchiol/o bronchiole
bronchi/o bronchus, plural is bronchi
epiglott/o epiglottis
laryng/o larynx (voice box)
lob/o lobe
nas/o nose
rhin/o nose
phren/o diaphragm
pleur/o pleura
pharyng/o pharynx
pneum/o lung sometimes air
pneumon/o lung
pulm/o lung
pulmon/o lung
trache/o trachea
dyspnea labored or difficult breathing
apnea absence of breathing
orthopnea breathing is uncomforatable in any position except sitting erect or standing
bradypnea abnormally slow breathing
tachypnea abormally fast breathing (over 25 breaths/min)
hyperpnea increased respiratory rate or breathing that is deeper than normal
hyperventilation increased aeration of the lungs, CO2 levels reduced so disruption of homeostasis occurs
spirometry measurement of the amount of air taken into and expelled from the lungs
hypoxia less normal oxygen levels
anoxia deficiency of oxygen
pulmonary edema effusion (escape) of fluid into the air spaces and tissue spacerhos of the lungs
rhinorrhea watery discharge from the nose
sinusitis inflammation of a sinus
dysphonia difficulty speaking or a weak voice
aphasia inability to communicate through speech, writing, or signs. It is caused by improper functioning of the brain.
aphonia loss of speech, origin in the larynx
sputum material raised from inflamed mucous membranes of the repiratory tract
asthma paroxysmal (sudden periodic attcks or recurrence of symptoms) dyspnea with wheezing
atelectasis incomplete expansion of a lung, airlessness or collapse of a lung
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) disease process that decreases the ability of the lungs to perfom their ventilatory function
emphysema COPD char by an increase in the size of the alveoli and by destructive changes in their walls, resulting in difficuly in breathing
hemothorax blood in the pleural cavity
pulmonary embolism the blockage of a pulmonary by foreign matter such as fat, air, tumor tissue, or a blood clot
tuberculosis (TB) an infectious disease caused by bacterium.
tracheostomy surgical opening in the windpipe (trachea)
ventilator machine used for profound artificial ventilation of the lungs
mucolytics medication that destroys or dissolves mucus
atel/o imperfect
coni/o dust
embol/o embolus
home/o sameness
-ole little
ox/o oxygen
-pnea breathing
silic/o silica
spir/o to breathe
Created by: MrsSlagter