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endocrine words pg1


acromegaly enlarged features, particularly the face and hands; caused by hypersecretion of (pituitary) growth hormone, after puberty.
ACTH adrenocorticotropic hormone
addison's disease chronic disorder of th adrenal glands caused by deficiency of cortical hormones
adenoma tumour of a gland
ADH antidiuretic hormone- vasopressin: promotes reabsorption of water in the kidenys. released by posterior pituitary
adrenal cortex outer section of the adrenal gland which secretes steroids
adenalectomy surgical excision of an adrenal gland
adrenal glands two bean-shaped glands situated superior surface on top of the kidneys which secrete steroid and sex hormones
adrenal medulla inner section of the adrenal gland which secretes epinephrine and norepinephrine
aldosterone steroid produced in the adrenal cortex. is essential to life. maintains sodium and potassium levels
atrophy lack of delelopment
cortisol a glucocorticoid secreted by the adrenal cortex
cushing's syndrome disorder caused by hypersecretion of the adrenal cortex causing moonface fatigue, high blood pressure, hirsulism, resulting in ezcessive production of steroids
diabetes insipidus disorder more common in young, caused by inadequate secretion of the antidiuretic hormone, which causes excessive thirst and excessive secretion of urine
diabets mellitus a common pancreatic disorder involving insulin secretion into the blood, either in too much or too little quantities
diuresis increased excretion of urine
Created by: howick22