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endocrine WL

endocrine word list

Acromegaly Enlarged features;particularly the face and hands;caused by hypersecretion of (Pituitary) Growth Hormone,after puberty.
ACTH Adrenocorticotropic Hormone.
Addison's Disease Chronic disorder of the adrenal glands caused by deficiency of cortical hormones.
Adenoma Tumor of a gland.
ADH Antidiuretic Hormone-Vasopressin:promotes reabsorption of water in the kidneys,released by posterior pituitary.
Adrenal Cortex Outer section of the gland which secretes steroids.
Adrenalectomy Surgical excision of an adrenal gland.
Adenal Glands Two bean-shaped glands situated on top of the kidneys which secrete steroid and sex hormones.
Adrenal Medulla Inner section of the adrenal gland which secretes steroids.
Aldosterone Steroid produced in the adrenal cortex. Is essential to life. Maintains sodium and potassium levels.
Atrophy Lack of development.
Cortisol A glucocorticoid secreted by the adrenal cortex.
Cushing's Syndrome Disorder caused by hypersecretion of the adrenal cortex,resulting in excessive production of steroids,causing moonface,fatigue,high blood pressure and hirsutism.
Diabetes Insipidus Disorder more commonly in the young,caused by inadequate secretion of the antidiuretic hormone,which causes excessive thirst and excessive secretion of urine.
Diabetes Mellitus A common pancreatic disorder involving insulin secretion into the blood,either in too much or too little quantities.
Diuresis Increased excretion of urine.
Dwarfism A condition of being abnormally small;may be hereditary or an endocrine dysfunction.
Endocrinology The study of ductless glands,their secretions,and their function of homeostasis.
Epinephrine Adrenaline-produced in the adrenal medulla.Increases the heart rate,fat metabolism for energy,and dilates the bronchial tubes. Raises blood pressure.
Exophthalmos Protrusion of the eyes due to swelling in tissues;often associated with Grave's Disease.
FBS Fasting Blood Sugar.
FSH Follicle Stimulating Hormone.
GH Growth Hormone. Also known as PGH.
Gigantism Abnormal overgrowth of the entire body caused by hypersecretion of Pituitary Growth Hormone before puberty.
Glucogenesis Formation of glucose from glycogen.
Glucagon Hormone secreted by the pancreas which increases the amount of glucose in the blood.
Glucocorticoids Steroids in the adrenal cortex that influence the metabolism of fats,carbohydrates, and proteins.
Glycogen Substances which carbohydrates are stored in the liver for future conversion into sugar.
Glucose The most important carbohydrate (sugar) in the body metabolism.
Glucosuria Glucose in the urine.
Graves' Disease Disorder of the thyroid-hyperthyroidism.Characterized by abnormal weight loss,muscual weakness,and emotional instability.
GTT Glucose Tolerance Test.
HCG Human Chorionic Gonadotropin.
HDL High Density Lipoproteins.
Hirsutism A condition of abnormal hairness,especially in females.
Homeostasis A state of stable internal environment of the body.
Hormones Secretions of endocrine glands which regulate function of the body (i.e. testosterone in males and estrogen in females).
Hyperglycemia Excessive amount of sugar in the blood.
Hyperinsulinism Excessive amount of insulin in the blood-insulin shock.
Hypocalcemia Abnormally low amount of calcium in the blood.
Hypoglycemia Too little sugar in the blood.
Hypogonadism Under-development of internal secretions of male sex glands.
Hypokalemia Extreme depletion of potassium in the blood usually lost in diuresis.
Hyponatremia Extreme depletion of sodium in the blood, usually through duiresis.
Hyposecretion Inadequate secretion.
ICF Intracellular fluid.
ICSH Interstitial cell stimulating hormone.
Insulin A hormone secreted by the Islets of Langerhans.Essential for metabolism of blood sugar (glucose).Can also be made synthically and given by injection.
Islets of Langerhans Clusters of cells in the pancreas which produce insulin and glucagon.
ITT Insulin Tolerance Test.
Ketoacidosis An acute stage of diabetes mellitus characterized by hypotension and,eventually,coma.
LDL Low Density Lipoproteins.
LH Luteinizing Hormone.
LTH Lactogenic Hormone (prolactin).
Metabolism Processes in which substances are broken down or built up during chemical reactions that are necessary to maintain life.
MSH Melanocyte Stimulating Hormone.(melanin).
Mineralcorticoids Hormones in the adreanl cortex that regulates water and mineral salts(electrolytes) in the body.
Norepinephrine Noradrenaline;produced in the adrenal medulla. Increases blood pressure and constricts vessels.
NPH Neutral Protamine Hagedorn-a synthetic insulin.
Obesity Excessive accumulation of fat in the body.
Oral Hypoglycemics Medications used to stimulate the pancreas to secrete insulin.
Pancreas An organ that contains groups of cells called the Islets of Langerhans which produce endocrine secretions, such as insulin and glucagon.
Parathyroid Four seperate glands that are located on the posterior glands surfaces of the lobes of the thyroid gland. Main purpose to increase blood,calcium levels.
PGH Pituitary Growth Hormone.
Pineal Gland Pine-cone shaped gland that is located at the base of the brain.
Polydipsia Excessive thirst.
Polyphagia A condition of eating abnormally large amounts of food.
Polyuria Excessive secretion of urine.
PTH Parathyroid Hormone.
RAIU Radioactive iodine uptake test on the thyroid gland.
Serum Glucose Tests Blood tests to aid in the diagnosis of insulin deficiency.
Somatotropin Human growth hormone found in the anterior pituitary lobe.Realeased by anterior pituitary.
Thyroid Echogram Ultrasound examination of the thyroid gland.
Thyroidectomy Surgical excision of the thyroid gland.
Thyroid Gland Largest gland on the endocrine system. Located in the neck, just below the larynx. Appears as two lobes divide by an isthmus.
Thyrotoxic Thyroid poisoning.
Thyrotoxicosis Abnormal condition of poisoning of the thyroid gland.
Thyroxine (T4) One of the two major hormones produced by the thyroid. Regulates metabolism and energy levels.
Triiodothyronine (T3) One of the two major hormones produced, stored and released by the thyroid gland.
TSH Thyroid Stimulating Hormone.
Created by: zeldafan