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Med Term IV-DPT

Prefixes and Combining Forms

carp/o wrist bones
cib/o meals
cis/o to cut
cost/o rib
cutane/o skin
dactyl/o fingers, toes
duct/o to lead; carry
flex/o to bend
furc/o forking; branching
gloss/o tongue
glyc/o sugar
immun/o protection
morph/o shape; form
mort/o death
nat/i birth
nect/o to bind; tie; connect
norm/o rule; order
ox/o oxygen
pub/o pubis
seps/o infection
somn/o sleep
son/o sound
the/o to put; place
thel/o nipple
thyr/o shield (the thyroid gland resembled a shield to those who named it...)
top/o place; position; location
tox/o poison
trache/o trachea; windpipe
urethr/o urethra
-blast embryonic; immature
-cyesis pregnancy
-drome to run
-fusion coming together; to pour
-gen producing; forming
-lapse to slide, fall, sag
-lysis breakdown; separation; loosening
-meter to measure
-mission to send
-or one who
-partum birth, labor
-phoria to bear; carry; feeling (mental state)
-physis to grow
-plasia development; formation
-plasm development; formation
-pnea breathing
-ptosis droop, sag, prolapse
-rrhea flow; discharge
-stasis stop, control; place
-trophy nourishment, development
a-, an- no, not, without
ab- away from
ad- toward
ana- up, apart
ante- before, forward
antepartum before labor
anti- against
antispepsis anti-infection
auto- self, own
bi- two
brady- slow
bradycardia slow heartrate
cata- down
con- with, together
contra- against, opposite
de- down, lack of
dehydration lack of water
dia- through, complete
dys- bad, painful, difficult
dyspnea painful/ difficult breathing
ec- out, outside
ecto- out, outside
en- in, within
endo- in, within
epi- upon, on, above
eu- good, normal
euphoria (exaggerated) feeling of well-being
euthyroid normal thyroid function
ex- out, away from
hemi- half
hyper- excessive, above
hypo- deficient, under
in- not
insomniac not sleeping...
in- into, within
incision to cut into
infra- beneath
inter between
intra- into, within
macro- large
mal- bad
malaise feeling bad
meta- beyond, change
micro- small
neo- new
pan- all
pancytopenia deficiency of erthrocytes, leukocytes, and thrombocytes.
para- abnormal, beside, near
per- through
percutaneous through the skin
peri- surrounding
poly- many, much
polyneuritis inflammation of many nerves
post- after, behind
pre- before, in front of
pro- before, forward
prodrome before illness. (prodromal symptoms appear before the actual illness.. and signal its onset)
pseudo- false
pseudocyesis false pregnancy
re- back, again
relapse return of symptoms after recover
retro- behind, backward
sub- under
supra- above, upper
syn-, sym- together, with (ex: symphysis)
syn- together, with
tachy- fast
tachycardia rapid heartbeat
trans- across, through (ex: transfusion)
ultra- beyond, excess
uni- one
unilateral one side
Created by: christajtodd