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Med Term I-DPT

basic word structure

aden/o gland
-oma tumor or mass
adenoma tumor of a gland
arthr/o joint
-itis inflammation
artritis inflammation of the joint
bi/o life
-ology the study of
biology the study of life
-opsy process of viewing
biopsy the viewing of life (living tissue removed from body viewed under a microscope)
carcin/o cancerous, cancer
carcinoma cancerous tumor (grows from epithelial cells that line the outside of the body or the inside of organs in the body)
cardi/o heart
cardiology the study of the heart
cephal/o head
-ic pertaining to
cephalic pertaining to the head
cerebr/o cerebrum (largest part of the brain)
-al pertaining to
cerebral pertaining to the cerebrum
cis/o to cut
in- into
-ion process
incision the process of cutting into.
ex- out
exicision the process of cutting out
crin/o secrete (to form and give off)
endo- within
endocrine to secrete within.
cyst/o urinary bladder; a sac or a cyst
cyst sac containing fluid
-scopy process of visual examination
cystoscopy the visual examination of (urinary bladder; sac or cyst)
cyt/o cell
cytology the study of cells
derm/o skin
dermat/o skin
dermatitis inflammation of the skin
hypo- under, below
hypodermic pertaining to below the skin
electr/o electricity
-gram record
electrocardiogram a record of the electricity of the heart.
EKG electrocardiogram
ECG electrocardiogram
encephal/o brain
electroencephalogram a record of the electricity of the brain
EEG electroencephalogram
enter/o intestines (usually the small intestines)
enteritis inflammation of the intestines
erythr/o red
-cyte cell
erythrocyte red cell (red blood cell.. carries oxygen in the blood)
gastr/o stomach
-ectomy excision; removal
gastrectomy the excision of the stomach
-tomy incision; cutting into
gastrotomy incision of the stomach
gnos/o knowledge
dia- complete
-sis state of
diagnosis state of complete knowledge
pro- before
prognosis knowledge before
gynec/o woman; female
gynecology the study of woman
hemat/o blood
hematology the study of blood
-oma mass; collection of..; growth of cells; tumor
hematoma collection of blood (NOT tumor of blood)
-globin protein
hemoglobin blood protein (helps carry oxygen in RBCs
hepat/o liver
hepatitis inflammation of the liver
iatr/o treatment
-genic pertaining to producing, produced by, or produced in.
iatrogenic produced by treatment. (adverse side effects that result from treatment or intervention by a physician)
leuk/o white
leukocyte white cell ( WBCs help the body fight disease)
nephr/o kidney
nephritis inflammation of the kidney
nephrology the study of kidney
neur/o- nerve
neurology the study of nerves
onc/o tumor
oncology the study of tumors
-ist one who specializes in a field of medicine
oncologist one who specializes in the study of tumors
ophthalm/o eye
-scope an instrument for visual examination
ophthalmoscope an instrument for visual examination of the eye
oste/o bone
osteitis inflammation of bone
osteoarthritis degeneration of bones AND joints (occurs with age; often accompanied by inflammation)
path/o disease
pathology the study of disease
pathologist one who studies disease (examines biopsy samples microscopically and examines a dead body to determine the cause of death)
ped/o child
pediatric pertaining to children
psych/o mind
psychology the study of the mind
psychiatrist one who studies the mind
radi/o x-rays
radiology the study of x-rays
ren/o kidney
renal pertaining to the kidney (nephro- is used for kidney to describe abnormal conditions and operative procedures)
rhin/o nose
rhinitis inflammation of the nose
sarc/o flesh
sarcoma tumor (or mass) of the flesh. (this is a malignant tumor- grows from CT like muscle, bone, and fat)
sect/o to cut
re- back
resection cutting back ("cutting out" or removal (excision))
thromb/o clot; clotting
thrombocyte a clotting cell (aka... platelets)
thrombus the actual clot that forms.
-osis condition
thrombosis the condition of clot formation
ur/o urinary tract; urine
urology the study of the urinary tract
urologist a surgeon who operates on the organs of the urinary tract and the organs of the male reproductive system.
-algia pain
arthralgia joint pain
neuralgia nerve pain
nephrectomy the excision of kidney
-emia blood condition
leukemia "blood condition of white (blood cells)" (cancerous WBCs increase in number)
-genic pertaining to producing; produced by; or produced in
carcinogenic cancer causing
pathogenic produced by disease
-ic pertaining to
-ical pertaining to
gastric pertaining to the stomach
neurological pertaining to the nerves
-ion process
excision the process of cutting out (removing)
-osis condition, usually abnormal (slight increase in numbers when used with blood cells)
leukocytosis abnormal condition of WBCs (in this case it's a slight increase in normal WBCs to fight an infection)
-pathy disease condition
enteropathy intestinal (usually small) disease
adenopathy glandular disease (disease of a gland)
-sis state of
-y process, condition
a- no, not, without
an- no, not, without
auto- self
autopsy "to view by one's self" (an examination of dead body with one's own eyes)
dia- through; complete
endo- within
epi- above, upon
epigastric pertaining to above the stomach
ex- out (ex: excision)
exo- out (ex: exocrine)
hyper- excessive, above, more than normal
glyc/o sugar
hyperglycemia high blood sugar
hypo- deficient, below, under, less than normal. (below...when used with a body part)
hypogastric pertaining to below the stomach
hypoglycemia low blood sugar
peri- surrounding, around
-um a structure
pericardium structure surrounding the heart
pro- before, forward
re- back, backward, again
retro- behind
retrocardiac pertaining to behind the heart
sub- below, under
subhepatic below the liver.
trans- across, through
Created by: christajtodd