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Female reproductive system

fulguration Destruction of tissue using a high-frequency electrical curent.
genitalia The sex or reproductive organs visible on the outside of the body.
gestation The length of time from conception to birth.
glans Small,round mass or glandlike body; erectile tissue.
lactation Production and release of milk by mammary glands.
orifice Mouth; entrance or outlet of an anatomic structure.
puerperium Time after childbirth(6 weeks)during the changes brought about by pregnancy resolve.
viable Capable of sustaining life; fetus developed enough to live outside the uterus.
amni/o amnion (sac)
cervic/o neck;cervix uteri (neck of the uterus)
colp/o vagina
vagin/o vagina
galact/o milk
lact/o milk
gynec/o woman,female
hyster/o uterus
mamm/o breast
mast/o breast
men/o menses,menstruation
metri/o uterus
uter/o uterus
metr/o measure uterus
nat/o birth
oophor/o ovary
ovari/o ovary
perine/o perineum
salping/o (ovaduct) tube,fallopian
-arche beginning
-cyesis pregnancy
-gravida pregnant woman
-para to bear, offspring
-salpinx tube,fallopian
-tocia turning
ante- before,in front of
dys- bad,painful,difficult
endo- in,within
multi- many much
post- after
primi- first
adnexa Accessory parts of a structure
atresia Congential absence or closure of a normal body opening.
choriocarcinoma Malignant neoplasm of the uterus or at at the site of etopic pregnancy.
corpus luteum Ovarian sacar tissue that results from rupturing of a follicle during ovulation and becomes a small yellow body that produces progesterine after ovulation.
contraceptive diaphragm Contraceptive device consisting of a hemisphere of thin rubber bonded to a flexable ring.
dyspareunia Occurrence of pain during sexual intercourse.
endocervicitis Inflamation of the mucous lining of the cervix uteri.
fibroids Benign uterine tumors composed of muscle and fibrous tissue (leiomyomas)
infertility Inability of diminished ability to produce offspring.
hormonal contraception Use of hormons to suppress ovulation and prevent conception.
OCPs oral contraception pills Birth control pills containing estrogen and progesterone.
menarche Beginning of menstrual function.
oligomenorrhea Scanty or infrequent menstrual flow.
perineum Region between the vulva and anus.
puberty Period during which secondary sex characteristics begin to develop and the capability of reproduction is attained.
pyosalpinx Pus in the fallopian tube.
retroversion Turing back or state of being turned back,especially an organ.
sterility Inability to conceive.
vaginismus Painful spasm of the vagina from contraction of the muscles surrounding the vagina.
abrupto placentae Premature separation of a normally situated placenta.
abortion Ternimation of the pregnancy.
amnion Membrane, continuous with and covering the fetal side of the placenta, that forms the outer surface of the umbilical cord.
breech presentation Fetal feet or buttocks first.
Down syndrome, trisomy21 Congenital condition characterized by physical malformations and some degree of mental retardation.
dystocia Difficult labor,large fetus or small pelvic outlet.
eclampsia Most serious form of toxima during pregnancy.
ectopic pregnancy Pregnancy in which the fertilized ovum does not reach the uterine caviety.
gravida Pregnant woman
multigravida Woman who has been pregnant more than once.
multipara Woman who has delivered more than one viable infant.
para Woman who has delivered one or more viable infants.
parturition Process of giving birth.
pelvimetry Measurement of the pelvic dimensions or proportions.
placenta previa Condition in which the placenta is attached near the cervix and ruptures prematurely, with spotting as the early symptom.
primigravida Woman who is pregnant for the first time.
primipara Woman who has given birth to one viable infant,her first child,indicated by notation para1 on her chart.
puerperium Period of 42 days after childbirth during which the reproductive organs usually return to normal.
amniocentesis Transabdominal puncture of the amniotic sac under ultrasound using a needle and syringe to remove amniotic fluid.
insufflation Delivery of pressurized air or gas into a cavity,chamber,or organ to allow visual examination,remove obstruction,or apply medication.
tubal insufflation Test for patency of the uterine tubes made by transuterine insufflation w/carbin dioxide(Rubin test).
colposcopy Visual exam of the vagina and cervix with an optical magnifying instrument,colposcope.
laparoscopy Visual exam of the abdominal caviety with laparoscope through one or more small incisions.
CVS chorionic villus sampling Sampling of placental tissues for prenatal diagnosis of potential genetic defects.
endometrial biopsy Removal of a sample of uterine endometrium for microscopic study.
PAP test papanicolaou test Cytological study used to detect abnormal cells sloughed from the cervix and vagina.
mammography Radiographic exam of the soft tissues of the breast.
hysterosalpingography Radiography of the uterus and uterine tubes following injection of a contrast medium.
ultrasonography Process by which high-frequency sound waves produce and display an image from reflected echos on a monitor.
pelvic ultrasonography Ultrasound of the pelvic region to evaluate abnormalities in the female reproductive system as well as the fetus during pregnancy.
transvaginal Ultrasound of the pelvic area preformed with a probe inserted in the vagina, which produces sharper images of structures within the pelvis.
cerclage Procedure in which a nonabsorbable ligature is applied around the cervix uteri to treat incomplte uterus, thus decreasing the chance of spontaneous abortion.
cesarean birth Incision of the abdomen and uterus to remove the fetus.
colpocleisis Surgical closure of the vaginal canal.
conization Excision of a cone-shaped piece of tissue, such as mucosa of the cervix, for histological exam.
cordocentesis Sampling of fetal blood drawn from the unbilical vein and preformed under ultrasound guidance.
cryosurgery,cryocautery Process of freezing tissue to destroy cells.
D&C dilatation and curettage Widening of the cervical canal with a dilator and scraping of the uterine endometrium with a currete.
episiorrahaphy Repair of a lacerated vulva or an episiotomy.
episiotomy Incision of the perineum from the vaginal orifice; usually done to prevent tearing of the tissue and to facilitate childbirth.
hysterectomy Excision of the uterus.
subtotal hysterectomy Where the cervix,ovaries, and fallopian tubes remain.
total hysterectomy Where the cervix is removed but the ovaries and fallopian tubes remain.
total plus bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy Total hysterectomy including uterus,cervix,fallopian tubes,and ovaries.
IUD intrauterine device Plastic or metal object placed inside the uterus to prevent pregnancy.
lumpectomy Excision of a small primary breast tumor that leaves the remainder of the breast intact.
mammoplasty, mastoplasty Surgical reconstruction of the breast(s) sometimes augmented by substances such as fat tissue or silicone to alter size or shape.
mastectomy Excision of the breast
myomectomy Excision of a myomatous tumor; generally uterine.
salpingo-oophorectomy Excision of an ovary and fallopian tube.
tubal ligation Procedure that ties the uterine tubes to prevent pregnancy.
antifungals Treat vaginal yeast infections.
estrogens Treat adverse symptoms of menopause including hot flashes,vaginal dryness,and fatigue through (HRT) hormone replacement therapy.
oxytocies Induce labor at term by increasing the strength and frequency of contractions.
prostaglandins Terminate pregnancy
AB;ab abortion
AI artificial insemination
BSE breast self-exam
D&C dilatation and curettage
DUB dysfunctional uterine bleeding
FSH follicle-stimulating hormone
G gravida (pregnant)
GC gonorrhea
GYN gynecology
HRT hormone replacement therapy
HSG hysterosalpingography
HSV herpes simplex virus
IUD intrauterine device
LH luteinizing hormone
LMP last menstrual period
LSO left salpingo-oophorectomy
OCPs oral contraceptive pills
Pap papanicolaou smear
PID pelvic inflamatory disease
PMP previous menstrual period
PMS premenstrual syndrome
RSO right salpingo-oophorectomy
STD sexually transmitted disease
TAH total abdominal hysterectomy
TVH total vaginal hysterectomy
VD veneral disease
CPD cephalopelvic disporportion
CS,C-section cesarean section
CVS chorionic villus sampling
CWP childbirth without pain
FECG; FEKG fetal electrocardiogram
FHR fetal heart rate
FHT fetal heart tone
FTND full-term normal delivery
IUGR intrauterine growth rate
IVF-ET in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer
LBW low birth weight
NB newborn
OB obstetrics
para1,2,3 unipara, bipara, tripara (number of viable births)
UC uterine contractions
Created by: jfrane