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MRS. TODD MED TERM 2 Class Review

ambly/o dull, dim
blephar/o eyelid
dacry/o tear
phac/o lens
presby/o old age
aur/o ear
-acusia hearing
ather/o fatty plaque
embol/o plug
phleb/o vein
sphygm/o pulse
thromb/o blood clot
-stenosis narrowing
rhin/o nose
anthrac/o coal, coal dust
atel/o incomplete
-osmia smell
-pnea breathing
-ptysis spitting
kary/o nucleus
myel/o bone marrow
phag/o swallowing, eating
poikil/o varied, irregular
sider/o iron
-blast embryonic cell
-penia decrease
-phoresis carrying, transmission
aniso- unequal, dissimilar
cheil/o lip
bucc/o cheek
gloss/o tongue
chol/e bile, gall
-orexia appetite
-prandial meal
-pepsia digestion
lith/o stone
crypt/o hidden
olig/o scanty
-cide killing
galact/o milk
nat/o birth
-salpinx tube
DUB dysfunctional uterine bleeding
PID pelvic inflammatory disease
STD sexually transmitted disease
ED erectile dysfunction
TURP transurethral resection of the prostate
IBS irritable bowel syndrome
PUD peptic ulcer disease
CBC complete blood count
ALL acute lymphocytic leukemia
CXR chest x-ray
URI upper respiratory infection
CABG coronary artery bypass graft
DOE dyspnea on exertion
DVT deep vein thrombosis
AAA abdominal aortic aneurysm
ASHD arteriosclerotic heart disease
MVP mitral valve prolapse
IOL intraocular lens
EOM extraocular movements
PERRLA pupils equal, round, reactive to light and accomodation
Unusual intolerance and sensitivity to light photophobia
A thin, fledxible, hollow plastic tube that is small enough to be threaded through a vein, artery, or tubelike structure catheter, stent
An area of tissue that undergoes necrosis following cessation of blood supply infarct
An ECG taken with a smallo portable recording system capable of storing up to 24 hours of ECG tracings Holter monitor test
Displacement of cartilage dividing the nostrils deviated nasal septum
Systemic disease associated with the presence and persistence of pathogenic microorganisms or their todxins in the blood, also called blood infection septicemia
Any disease of the lymph nodes lymphadenopathy
General lack of nutrition and wasting occurring in the course of a chronic disease or emotional disturbance cachexia
Progressive, wavelike movement that occurs involuntarily in hollow tubes in the body, especially the GI tract peristalsis
Surgically joining of two ducts, vessels, or bowel segments to allow flow from one to another anastomosis
Voiding in frequent intervals frequency
Postpartum puerperium
Procedure in which a nonabsorbable ligature is applied around the cervix uteri to treat an incompetent uterus, thus decreasing the chance of a spontaneous abortion cerclage
Any disorder of retinal blood vessels retinopathy
Abnormal growths of new tissue that are classified as benign or malignant neoplasm
Radiation therapy in which the radioactive substance is inserted into a body cavity or organ brachytherapy
System of staging used to identiify the invasiveness of the malignant tumor TNM, Tumor, Node, Metastasis
Form of lymphoma that occurs in young adults Hodgkins
Malignancies that originate from bone, fat, muscle, cartilage, bone marrow, and cells of the lymphatic system sarcoma
Soft blowing sound heard on auscultation bruit
BBB Bundle Branch Block
Which classification of medications is used to reduce low density lipoprotein cholesterol in blood and possibly slightly increase high density lipoprotein cholesterol statins
AF Atrial Fibrillation
phag/o swallowing, eating
TAHBSO total abdominal hysterectomy bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy
ESRD End Stage Renal Disease
A congenital anomaly consisting of four elements; pulmonary artery stenosis, interventricular septal defect, transposition of the aorta, and right ventriclar hypertrophy caused by increased workload of the right ventricle tetralogy of Fallot
LMP last menstrual period
Non-invasive method of monitoring the percentage of hemoglobin saturated with oxygen oximetry
Inability of the cardiac and pulmonary system to maintain an adequate exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the lungs respiratory failure
Surgical puncture and drainage of the pleural cavity thoracentesis
spir/o breathe
Associated with bone marrow failure. Diminished numbers of white blood cells and platelets due to bone marrow suppression. Serious form of anemia that maybe fatal Aplastic anemia (hypoplastic)
D&C dilatation and curettage
-gravida pregnant woman
Most common type of anemia worldwide iron-deficiency anemia
Treatment that provides relief, but not a cure palliative care
lith/o stone, calculus
-pepsia digestion
a- without, not
arche beginning
Donating one's own blood or bone marrow for transplantation is called autologus
The localized accumulation of blood in an organ, space or tissue is called a hematoma
GERD gastro-esophageal reflux disease
BM bowel movement
Vomiting of blood hematemesis
po by mouth
An accumulation of serous fluid in the abdomen ascites
IVP intravenous pyelography
glomerul/o glomerulus
Offensive or "bad" breath halitosis
NPO nothing by mouth
varic/o dilated vein
-ism condition
UA urinalysis
LBW low birth weight
kal/i potassium
dys bad, painful, difficult
-osis abnormal condition
The discharge of urine; urination micturition
What classification of medications is used to promote excretion of urine diuretics
Scanty or infrequent menstrual flow oligomenorrhea
-phoresis carrying, transmission
-prandial meal
cyan/o blue
-capnia carbon dioxide (CO2)
Involuntary eye movements that appear jerky and may reduce vision or be associated wih other, more serious conditions that limit vision nystagmus
Form of surgery using burning electrodesiccation
ABG Arterial Blood Gases
EU good, normal
What drug classification is used to treat chronic lung disease by suppressing the immune response and decreasing inflammation corticosteroids
-phonia voice, sound
Exaggerated, life-threatening hypersensitivity reaction to the previously encountered antigen anaphylaxis
Applying a substance to a stool sample to detect the presence of blood in feces stool guaiac
What classification of medications is used to decrease spasms in the urethra and bladder by relaxing the smooth muscles lining their walls, thus allowing normal emptying of the bladder antispasmodics
Created by: Martodd