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Nutrition in health

nutrition in health and diseases

What does nutrition include ingestion, digestion, absorption, and metabolism of food
What does digestion involve? the physical and chemical changes that the body makes to food to make it absorbable.
What is absorption? is the transfer of the nutrients from the gastrointestinal tract into the bloodstream.
What are the tow groups of nutrients? those that provide energy and those that do not
What are the three types of groups that make up energy? carbohydrates, fats(lipids), and proteins
What are the nutrient groups that do not provide energy? vitamins, minerals, water, and fiber
What are carbohydrates made up of? carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
What is the name of carbohydrate units? sugars
What is saccharide? scientific term for sugar
What is LDL low-density lipoproteins
What is HDL high-density lipoproteins
What one more element does proteins have that fats and carbohydrates don't? nitrogen
how many amino acids are there in protien? 22
how many amino acids does the body need to function? 8
in childhood what is the extra amino acid that the body needs? histidine
Where is the best food to get amino acids? animal meats and products like eggs and milk
What is C or Cal? Large Calorie
What is kilocalorie or kcal? large calorie
how many small calories equal one large calorie? 1,000
What is metabolis? the total of all changes, chemical and physical, that take place in the body
What is metabolic rate? changes in the body with respect to energy
What is basal metabolism? energy required for activities that occur when the body is at rest.
What is BMR? basal metabolic rate
Where should the largest percentage of calories come from in a diet? carbohydrates
What are the groups on the food pyramid? grains(orange), vegetables(green), fruits(red), oils(yellow), milk(blue), and beans and meat(purple)
what is the recommendation amount of grains? 5-8oz a day three of which should be from whole grain breads, pasta, rice, cereal, or crackers
what is the recommendation amount of vegetables? 2 1/2 cups of vegetables should come from all 5 vegetable groups several times a week.
what is the recommendation amount of fruits? two cups daily
where should the recommendated oils come from? nuts, fish, vegetable
what is the recommendation amount of milk? 3 cups per day of fat-free or low fat milk or milk products
What are the two functions of vitamins? facilitate cellular metabolism by acting as a coenzyme with a catalyst, and to act as a component of tissue structure
what are the two classifications of vitamins? water soluble and fat soluble
What are the differences in water soluble and fat soluble vitamins? water can travle through the blood stream well but can not be stored well, fat soluble can be stored well but can not travle through the bloodstream well
What are the 4 fat-soluble vitamins? A,D,E, and K
What are the four primary antioxidants? betacarotene(vitamin A), vitamin C, vitamin E, and Selenium
What are free radicals? the process of using oxygen to burn(oxidize) food for energy results in the formation of them.
what does antioxidants do? they fight free radicals through enzymes in our bodies.
Created by: Seanmorrone