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FA MC Causes

Addison’s Autoimmune (infection is the 2nd most common cause)
Aneurysm, dissecting Hypertension
Aortic aneurysm, abdominal and descending aorta Atherosclerosis
Aortic aneurysm, ascending 3° syphilis
Bacterial meningitis (adults) Streptococcus pneumoniae
Bacterial meningitis (elderly) S. pneumoniae
Bacterial meningitis (kids) S. pneumoniae or Neisseria meningitidis
Bacterial meningitis (newborns) Group B streptococcus
Cancer associated with AIDS Kaposi’s sarcoma
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia 21-hydroxylase deficiency
Cretinism Iodine deficit/hypothyroidism
Cushing’s syndrome Corticosteroid therapy (2nd most common cause is excess ACTH secretion by pituitary)
Death in CML Blast crisis
Death in SLE Lupus nephropathy
Dementia Alzheimer’s (2nd most common is multi-infarct)
DIC Gram-negative sepsis, obstetric complications, cancer, burn trauma
Ejection click Aortic/pulmonic stenosis
Food poisoning S. aureus
Glomerulonephritis (adults) IgA nephropathy (Berger’s disease)
Hematoma––epidural Rupture of middle meningeal artery (arterial bleeding is fast)
Hematoma––subdural Rupture of bridging veins (trauma; venous bleeding is slow)
Hemochromatosis Multiple blood transfusions (can result in CHF and ↑ risk of hepatocellular carcinoma)
Hepatic cirrhosis EtOH
Hepatocellular carcinoma Cirrhotic liver (often associated with hepatitis B and C)
Holosystolic murmur VSD, tricuspid regurgitation, mitral regurgitation
Hypertension, 2° Renal disease
Hypoparathyroidism Thyroidectomy
Hypopituitarism Adenoma
Infection in blood transfusion Hepatitis C
Infection in burn victims Pseudomonas
Leukemia (adults) AML
Machine-like murmur PDA
Mental retardation Down syndrome (fragile X is the 2nd most common cause)
MI Atherosclerosis
Mitral valve stenosis Rheumatic heart disease
Myocarditis Coxsackie B
Nephrotic syndrome (adults) Membranous glomerulonephritis
Nephrotic syndrome (kids) Minimal change disease (associated with infections/vaccinations; treat with corticosteroids)
Opening snap Mitral stenosis
Osteomyelitis S. aureus
Osteomyelitis in patients with sickle cell disease Salmonella
Osteomyelitis with IVDA Pseudomonas
Pancreatitis (acute) EtOH and gallstones
Pancreatitis (chronic) EtOH (adults), cystic fibrosis (kids)
Peau d’orange Carcinoma of the breast
PID Neisseria gonorrhoeae (monoarticular arthritis)
Pneumonia in cystic fibrosis, burn infection Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Pneumonia, hospital-acquired Klebsiella
Preventable blindness Chlamydia
Primary amenorrhea Turner’s (XO)
Primary hyperaldosteronism Adenoma of adrenal cortex
Primary hyperparathyroidism Adenoma
Pulmonary hypertension COPD
Right heart failure due to a pulmonary cause Cor pulmonale
Right-sided heart failure Left-sided heart failure
Sheehan’s syndrome Postpartum pituitary infarction 2° to hemorrhage
SIADH Small cell carcinoma of the lung
UTI E. coli
UTI (young women) E. coli and Staphylococcus saprophyticus
Created by: megankirch