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Genitourinary wl

Words and Their Meanings

Acute Having a rapid onset,severe symptoms and a short course.
Anuria The absence of urine.
Azotemia Metabolic wastes in the blood.
Bladder An expandable hollow organ which acts as a temporary reservoir for urine.
Bowman's Capsule Part of the renal corpuscle; surrounds the glomerulus of the nephron.
Calculi Commonly called stones; usually composed of mineral salts.
Calyx The cuplike division of the kidney pelvis (pl.calyces)
Catheterization To insert a catheter into a cavity to remove body fluid.
Cystitis Infalmmation of the bladder.
Cystectomy Excision of the bladder.
Cystography The introduction of dye into the bladder providing visualization of the bladder.
Cystoscopy Visual examination of the bladder.
Dialysis Removal of the products of urine from the blood by passage of the solutes through a membrane.
Diuretic Substance which increases the production of urine.
Dysuria Painful urination.
Elimination To remove, get rid of, exclude; also to pass urine from the bladder or stool from the bowel.
Excretion The process of expelling material from the body.
Fistula An abnormal tube-like passage from a normal cavity or an abscess to a free surface.
Frequency The need to void urine, though usually only a small amount at one time.
Glomerulus The microscopic cluster of capillaries within the Bowman's Capsule of the nephron.
GU Genitourinary
Hematuria Blood in the urine.
Hemodialysis Mechanical removal of waste substances from the blood.
Hesitancy Difficulty in starting a urine stream.
Hilum The recessed area of the kidney where the ureter and blood vessels enter.
Hydrocele The accumulation of serous fluid in a cavity. Excessive amount of normal fluid within the scrotum.
Intravenous Pyelography (IVP) The insertion of a radiopaque material into the vein for the purpose of x-raying the kidneys and ureters.
Incontinence Involuntary discharge of urine. Can be due to obstructive masses.
Kidney Fist-sized organs in the abdominal cavity whose function is to cleanse or purify the blood.
Laparoscopy Visual examination of abdomen, through an incision just below the navel.
KUB Kidney, ureter, bladder. Radiographic exam of kidneys.
Lithotriptor A device that destroys urinary stones with laser technology.
Micturition Voiding.
Nephrolith Kidney stone.
Nephrolithiasis Presence, condition, or formation of a kidney stone.
Nephrolysis Surgical separation of an inflamed kidney from adhesions (scar tissue).
Nephron Microscopic blood filtering units located in the kidney tissue that continually adjust body conditions to add or remove substances from the blood. Functioning unit of the kidney.
Nephropexy Suspension (suturing) of the kidney.
Nephrotomography A study in which several planes of the kidney are visualized.
Nocturia Night urination.
Oliguria Scanty/decreased urination.
Peritoneal Pertaining to the peritoneum (the membrane which lines the abdominal cavity and covers the abdominal organs).
Polycystic Kidney Disease A condition of multiple cysts in the kidneys.
Prostatocystalgia Pain in the prostate and bladder.
Prostatectomy Excision of the prostate.
Prostatomy Incision into the prostate.
Ptosis A drooping or dropping of an organ or part, for example the eyelid or the kidney.
Pyelitis Inflammation of the renal pelvis.
Pyelolithotomy Removal of a stone from the renal pelvis by an incision.
Pyuria Pus in the urine.
Renal Pertaining to the kidney.
Renal Artery Carries waste laden blood to the tubules within the kidney for purification.
Renal Pelvis An enlarged funnel-shaped extension of the ureter.
Renal Vein Structure which carries the blood away from the kidney.
Residual Pertaining to that which is left as a residue.
Retention Inability to void urine which is present in the bladder.
Secretion Separation of certain materials from the blood by the activity of a gland.
Stricture The narrowing of an opening tube, or canal, such as the urethra or esophagus.
TUR/TURP Transurethral resection (of the prostate gland)
Uremia Toxic condition of nitrogenous wastes in the blood.
Ureter A slender tube that transports urine from the kidney to the bladder.
Ureterectasis Dilation of the ureter.
Ureterectomy Removal of a ureter.
Ureteropyelostomy Anastomosis of ureter and renal pelvis.
Ureterovesicostomy Reimplantation of a ureter into the bladder.
Urethra A membranous tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body.
Urethrectomy Removal of the urethra.
Urethritis Infalmmation of the urethra.
Urethropexy Surgical fixation of the urethra.
Urethroplasty Surgical repair of the urethra.
Urethroscopy Visual examination of the urethra.
Urgency The sudden need to expel urine or stool. Void immediately.
Urinalysis Urine test which provides general information on the health of the body as a whole.
Urinary System Eliminates harmful products in the blood and filters them through urination.
Urochrome Urine colour.
Urologist One who specializes in the study of the urinary system.
Varicocele Swelling and distention of veins of the spermatic cord.
Created by: Goldilocks