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BIO 100 Body Struct

BIO 100 Body Structure Chapter 4

Gel-like substance that surrounds the nucleus of a cell but contained within the cell membrane Cytoplasm
Molecure that holds genetic information and makes an exact copy of itself whenever the cell divides DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
identification of a disease or condition by scientific evaluation of physical signs, symptoms, history, laboratory, and clinical tests results, and radiolographic procedures Diagnosis
Instrument consisting of a rigid or flexible fiberoptic tube and optical system for observing the insde of a hollow organ or cavity Endoscope
Study of the causes of disease Etiology
Instrument, consisting of an x-ray machine and flourescent screen, used to view the internal organs of the body Fluroscope
pertaining to conditions without clear pathogenesis, or disease without recognizable cause, as of spontaneous origin Idiopathic
Chemical changes that that take place in a cell or an organism and produce energy and basic materials needed for all life process Metabolism
Prediction of the course and end of a disease and the estimated chance of recovery prognosis
Any objective evidence or manifestation of an illness or disordered function of the body Sign
Any change in the body or its functions as preceived by the patient symptom
Levels of organization 1st: cell 2nd: tissue 3rd: organ 4th: systen 5th: organism
study of the body at the cellular level Cytology
Body cells perform these types of activites activites associated with life, including obtaining nourishment, eliminating waste and reproducing
Cells are composed of... cell membrane, cytoplasm, nucleus
The nucelus is responsible for.... metabolism, growth and reporduction
The cell membrane... acts as a barrier that encloses the entire cell
Study of tissues.. Histology
Type of tissue that covers surfaces of organs; lines cavities and canals; forms tubes, and secreting protions of glands; makes up the epidermis of the skin. Epithelial tissue
Supports and connects other tissues and organs and is made up of diverse cell types, including fibroblasts, fat cells, and blood Connective tissue
provides the contractile tissue of the body which is responsible for movement Muscle Tissue
Transmits electrical impluses Nervous tissue
Organs are.. Body structures composed of at least two or more tissue types that perform specialized functions
Systems are... composed of varying number of organs and accessory structures that have similar or interrelated functions
An Organism is... a complete living entity capable of independent existance. Consists of a number of systems.
Anatomical Position Facing foward feet parallel, arms to the side hands facinf foward with thumbs pointing up.
Divides the body left and right Midsagittal Plane
Divides the bodys Anterior and Posterior Coronal or Frontal plane
Divides the bodys Superior and Inferior Transverse of Horizontal plane
Major organ of the Cranial Cavity Brain
major organ of the Spinal Cavity Spinal cord
The Dorsal Cavity contains... (types of cavities) Cranial, Spinal
The Ventral Cavity contains...(types of cavities) Thoracic, Abdominopelvic
Major organs of the Thoracic Cavity Heart, Lungs, and associated structures
Major organs of the Abdominopelvic Cavity Digestive, excretory and reproductive organs and structures
RUQ Right Upper Quadrant
LUQ Left Upper Quadrant
RLQ Right Lower Quadrant
LLQ left Lower Quadrant
The Spine is divided in to these sections.. Cervical(neck), thoracic(chest), lumbar(loin), sacral(lower back), coccyx(tail bone)
Movement away from the median plan of the body or one of its parts ABduction
Movement toward the median plane ADduction
Pertaining to the midline of the body structure Medial
pertaining to the side lateral
Toward the hear or upper portion of a structure Superior
Away from the head or towards the tail or lower part of a structure Inferior (caudal)
Nearer to the center (trunk of the body) or from the point of attachment to the body Proximal
Further form the center (trunk of the body) or from the point of attachment to the body Distal
Near the front of the body Anterior (ventral)
Near the back of the body Posterior (dorsal)
Pertaining to the outer layer of the outer wall of the body cavity Parietal
Pertaining to the inner layer of the outer wall of the body cavity (viscera) Visceral
Lying horizontal with the face downward, or indicating the hands with the palms turned downward Prone
Lying on the back face upward, or indicating the position of the hand or foot with the palm or foot facing upward Supine
Turning inward or inside out Inversion
Turning outward Eversion
Pertaining to the palm of the hand Palmer
Pertaining to the sole of the foot plantar
Towards the surface of the body Superficial
away from the surface of the body (internal) Deep
Cell Cyt/o
Tissue hist/o
nucleus nucle/o, kary/o
anterior, front (combining form0 Anter/o
tail caud/o
Cranium (skull) crani/o
far, farthest dist/o
back (of the body) dors/o
lower, below infer/o
side later/o
middle medi/o
back (of the body), behind, posterior Poster/o
near, nearest proxim/o
belly, belly side ventr/o
abdomen abdomin/o
neck, cervix uteri (neck of uterus) cervic/o
ilium (lateral, flaring portion of the hip bone) ili/o
groin inguin/o
loins, lower back lumb/o
naval umbilic/o
Spine Spin/o
white albin/o, leuk/o
green chlor/o
color chrom/o
yellow cirrh/o, jaund/o, xanth/o
Blue cyan/o
red erythr/o
black melan/o
gray; gray matter (of brain or spinal cord) poli/o
extremity acr/o
cause eti/o
band, fascia (fibrous membrane supporting and separating muscles) fasci/o
unknown, peculiar idi/o
form, shape, structure morph/o
radiation, x-ray; radius (lower arm bone on thumb side radi/o
body somat/o
sound son/o
internal organs viscer/o
dry xer/o
Possible causes for disease metabolic, infectious, congenital, hereditary, environmental, neoplastic
Abnormal fibrous ban that holds normally separated tissues together, usually occurring with in the body cavity Adhesion
Substance being analyzed or tested, generally by means of a chemical analyte
In radiology, a "dye" introduced in to the body via catheter or swallowed to facilitate radiographic imaging of internal structures that are otherwise difficult to visualize on x-ray films Contrast medium
Bursting open of a wound, especially a surgical abdominal wound dehiscence
Feverish; pertaining to fever febrile
relative consistency or equilibrium in the eternal environment of the body, which is maintained by the ever changing process of feedback and regulation in response to internal changes. Homeostasis
Body defense against injury, infection or allergy marked by redness swelling, heat, pain and sometimes loss of function Inflammation
Diseased or pertaining to a disease Morbid
Branch of medicine concerned with the use if radiation, ultrasound and imaging techniques for diagnosis and treatment of a disease and injury Radiology
Medical imaging using external sources or radiation to evaluate body structures and functions of organs Diagnostic Radiology
Use of imaging techniques in the nonsurgical treatment of various disorders such as balloon angioplasty and cardiac catherization Interventional Radiology
use of ionizing radiation in the treatment of the malignant tumors. Therapeutic Radiology (radiation oncology)
Substances that emit radiation spontaneously; also called tracers. Radionuclides
Radionuclide attached to a protein, sugar, or other substance that travels to the organ or area of the body that will be scanned Radiopharmaceutical
Term used to describe a computerized image my modality (such as CT, MRI, and nuclear) or by structure (such as thyroid bone) Scan
Producing or associated with generation or pus suppurative
visual examination of the organs of the pelvis and abdomen through very small incisions in the abdominal wall Laparoscopy
Visual examination of the cavity or canal using a specialized lighted instrument Endoscopy
Examination of the lungs, pleura, and pleural space with a scope inserted through a small incision between the ribs Thoracoscopy
Common blood test the enumarates red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets; measures hemoglobin; estimated red cell volume; and sorts white blood cells in to five subtypes and percentages Complete blood count
Common urin test that evaluated the physical, chemical, and microscopic properties of urine Urinalysis
Imaging technique achived by rotating an x-ray machine around the area to be scanned and measuring the intensity of the transmitted rays from different angles Computed Tomography (CT) Scan
Ultrasound technique used to detect and measure blood flow velocity and direction through the cardiac chambers, valves, and peripheral vessels by reflecting sound waves off of moving blood cells Doppler
Radiographic technique in which xrays are directed through the body to a florescent screen that displays continuous imaging of the motion of internal structures and immediate serial images Fluoroscopy
Noninvasive imaging technique that uses radio waves and a strong magnetic field to produce maniplanar cross-sectional images Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
Diagnostic technique that uses a radioactive material (radiopharmaceutical) introduced to the body (inhaled, injected, or ingested) and a scanning device to determine size shape, located, and function of various organs and structures nuclear scan
Created by: ErikaB302