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Geography Study


Australia has a population of about ... million 21
Australia's highest mountain is Mt. ... Kosciusko
The longest river in Australia is the ... river Murray Darling
Australia has ... states Six
There are ... territories in Australia Two
Australia is the ... continent in the world Smallest
Australia covers an area of ... 7,686,848 km squared
Australia is the ... largest country in the world 6th
Australia is the ... most populous country in the world 48th
Australia has low population because ... Most of the area is not suitable for living in
...% of Australia is located in the tropical zone 40%
...% of Australia is located in the temperate zone 60%
East to west = ... km 4000km
North to south = ... km 3680
Dominating high pressure cells bring ... Stable air and little rainfall
Australia is an old land with mountain ranges being eroded ... Over millions of years
Climate varies greatly because of the ... Large area
There are ... time zones Three (Eastern, Central and Western)
Most of the population lives along ... The fertile coastal areas, mainly the east coast
Australia is located in the southern and ... hemispheres Eastern
Northernmost point = ... Cape York, Queensland
Most westerly point = ... Steep Point, Western Australia
Most southerly point = ... South-east Cape, Tasmania
Most easterly point = ... Cape Byron, New South Wales
Aboriginies arrived from PNG and Indonesia ... years ago 40-50000
Aboriginies arrived to Australia by a ... Land Bridge (PNG). Canoes (Indonesia).
Land bridge disappeared ... years ago at the end of the Pleistocene Ice Age 10000
Creation explained in dreaming which is the aboriginal explanation of ... How various landforms were created by their spirit ancestors
Energies of ancestral bodies remain ... Embodied in the earth
Over 200 million years ago, Australia was part of a great landmass ... Known as Pangaea
Pangaea split into ... and ... Laurasia (Europe, Asia, North America) and Gondwana Land (Africa, Australia, New Zealand, Antarctica and South America)
Continental Drift - Theory that explains ... How landmasses broke up to form continents
Earths crust is ... Not stable, divided into plates known as tectonic plates
Tectonic plates are ... Continually moving against each other, with dramatic effects such as earthquakes and volcanoes.
Three land divisions - ... Western Plateau, Eastern Highlands and Central Lowlands
Australia is the flattest ... Continent with an elevation of 300m
Weathering - The initial breaking down of ... Rocks due to exposure to elements of weather such as rain and sunshine
Erosion - The removal of weathered ... Material from a site by either wind, waves, running water or ice
Mass movement - The downslope movement of ... Weathered material under the force of gravity
Flat country because ... Mountains formed 500 million years ago and have been subject to erosion, weathering and mass movement
80% of continent receive less than ... 600mm p.a.
Monsoon - 1500mm p.a. Hot/wet summers and Hot/dry winters
Tropical wet/dry - 500-1250mm p.a. Hot/Wet summers and Hot/Dry winters
Tropical Hot/wet - Hot all year with rainfall occuring throughout the year
Humid Sub-Tropical Along the coastal areas of southern queensland to woolongong
Desert - Less than 250mm - Unpredictable rainfall which often occurs in downpours
Temperate Maritime - Hot summers with warm to cool winters and an adequate amount of rainfall
Sub Alpine - Restricted to the area around the snowy mountains experiencing sub-zero temperatures.
Australia's natural resources has powered ... Its economic growth and development
Non-renewable resources take millions ... Of years to form
Renewable resources are produced within a ... Human lifetime but if exploited can become non-renewable
Australian soils are very ... Fragile
Two thirds of Australia classed as ... Desert or Semi-Desert
Isobars are lines that join places of ... Equal atmospheric pressure. Measured in hectopascals
Rain - Areas that have experienced
Created by: shanec